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The Gender Roles of Persia, Rome, Teotihuacan and Maya 600 B.C.E. - 600 C.E.

The Unit II: Classical Civilizations Group Activity
by

Veronica Mierzejewski

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of The Gender Roles of Persia, Rome, Teotihuacan and Maya 600 B.C.E. - 600 C.E.

Weaving textiles was done mostly by women.

Women could be employed by temple and imperial workshops in the textile business. In return for their work, they received grain, wine, beer, and meat from employers.

Women could be prominent urban residents as priestesses.

It was a patriarchal society. Men were imperial bureaucrats and clan warriors, both groups being leaders. Women were not involved in government. Persia Eldest male ruled the household and arranged marriages for his children. They were called pater familias.

Women supervised domestic chores and had a say in her children's marriage partners and took care of some financial affairs.

There was strict enforcement on laws preventing women to get an inheritance, but they found ways to evade the law.

During 3rd and 2nd centuries BCE, Roman expansion in Mediterranean allowed women to possess a lot of property. Rome Maya and Teotihuacan Gender Roles in Persia, Rome, Teotihuacan and Maya 600 B.C.E. - 600 C.E. Women tended to their own domesticated animals.
Women wove textiles and upper class women could dye them.
Men upheld agricultural labors.
Men mainly held public positions.
Both men and women performed religious rituals By: Caroline Shanahan, Veronica Mierzejewski, Jordan Morgan, and James Vogel 5+7= Compare and Contrast *Women were involved in religion in both the Persian and the Teotihuacan/Maya civilizations. In Persia, they could be priestesses, and in Mesoamerica they participated in religious rituals along with men.

*All of these civilizations were patriarchal societies. The men in Persia led the empire as imperial bureaucrats, the men in Rome headed their families as pater familias, and the men in Mesoamerica held public positions that ran their tribes.

*In all three civilizations, women had the potential to be prominent individuals in their societies. In Persia, they could be priestesses. In Rome, they could own a lot of property. In Mesoamerica, they partook in religious observances. *Women in Classical Rome most likely had more rights than women in Persia and Teotihuacan/Maya. In Rome, they could own property and take care of their family's financial affairs.

*In Persia and Mesoamerica, women were responsible for weaving textiles. In Rome, however, women tended to domestic chores in their households. Similarities Differences
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