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Expository Writing: A News Story
Transcript of Expository Writing: A News Story
The following list explains the five major parts of a news article. Main Elements of a News Article The Goals of a News Article Expository texts It is normally not a complete sentence, and tries to summarize the main idea or subject of the article. It is often printed in larger letters than the rest of the article, and the major words are capitalized. A News Story Expository writing is a form of writing where the author gives the reader information. The author might do this to explain, describe, compare, evaluate or define his or her subject to the reader. Examples include textbooks, encyclopedias, scientific books/journals, atlases, directions, guides, lab reports, biographies, and newspapers. It is important to note that expository pieces use logical patterns of organization, which differ depending on the specific form of writing. The form of expository writing that we will be exploring in greater detail today will be a news story! The writer’s craft we will be helping students to develop through the exploration and creation of a news story as a sample of an expository text include crafting a title, crafting a lead, and using supporting details and examples. Lead Paragraph(s) Supporting Paragraph(s) Headline The headline is the title of the news article, and also serves as a text feature. This line tells who is writing the article. It may also include the address of the author and the publication or news source for which he or she writes. The lead paragraph is found at the beginning of the article. The lead briefly answers the questions “who”, “what”, “when”, “why”, “where”, and “how”. The ‘skeleton’ of the story can be found here. These are the paragraphs which follow the lead. They develop the ideas introduced by the lead, and give more information in the form of explanations, details, or quotes. In many newspapers, these paragraphs are found on subsequent pages. Reliable Sources Reliable news stories normally look to three different sources for their research and information to help ensure that their story is credible. Quotations from outside sources, often experts or witnesses, are regularly included in a news story. Most journalists try to follow certain guidelines in their work. These principles of journalism help make sure that when people open a newspaper, they can believe what they read. A news article tells the truth News articles are objective News is factual Reliable news stories normally look to three different sources for their research and information to help ensure that their story is credible. Quotations from outside sources, often experts or witnesses, are regularly included in a news story. News articles relate information that affects or is of interest to the public The purpose of a news article is to report the facts of a current event or problem The journalist writes facts that are, to the best of his/her knowledge, true. A careful journalist only states things that he/she can prove to be true, and will ‘cite’ the source of any uncertain information.
Example: “According to Mrs. Brown, principal of North Oaks High School, most high school freshmen take Spanish as a second language.”
In the previous statement, even if it is later discovered that more high school freshmen take French instead of Spanish, the journalist has not lied. He/she has only claimed that Mrs. Brown says more freshmen take Spanish, which is still a true statement. They do not reflect the personal opinions of the journalist. Quotes and opinions of witnesses and observers to events may be included in an article, but they must be cited. Some newspapers print articles that are of interest to a smaller audience. News articles are written to target the interest of its readers. Many newspapers are distributed or sold only in certain geographical areas, and print articles that are interesting to the residents of their particular area. When the audience is concentrated in a particular region, such as a particular city or state, the newspaper is known as a ‘local’ paper. Although many people enjoy reading the news, the purpose of a news article is not entertainment. The language used in news articles is often different from the language that is used in everyday conversation, or in stories or narratives. The style of writing is objective and impersonal, and the vocabulary is sometimes more formal.