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dianne tolentino

on 1 July 2018

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A quick recap
-results from the removal of barriers between national economies to encourage the flow of goods, services, capital, and labor

Institutions that Govern International Relations

A Structure of Globalization

let's discuss!
History of United Nations
United States President Franklin Roosevelt coined the name United Nations that was used in the Declaration of United Nations of January 1, 1942.

Only 26 nations representatives pledge their governments to:

1. Each Government pledges itself to employ its full resources, military or economic, against those members of the Tripartite Pact and its adherents with which such government is at war.
2. Each Government pledges itself to cooperate with the Governments signatory hereto and not to make a separate armistice or peace with the enemies.

Also the United Nations means Allies to fight against the Axis Powers in the Second World War II.

The United Nations officially comes to Existence
50 countries representatives met and held the United Nations Conference on International Organization to officially make the United Nations Charter.

Regional Commissions
ECA - Economic Commission for Africa
ECE - Economic Commission for Europe
ECLAC - Economic Commission for Latin American and the Caribbean
ESCAP - Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
ESCWA - Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

Regional Commissions are a group of officials in different countries
that instruct, debate and in charged in making a certain law, rights
etc. to develop the economy and social. E.g. Human Rights, Science
and Technology.

Selected Institutions Associated
with World Trade
World Bank
The international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects

It was established by the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference or the Bretton Woods Conference.

World Bank Group
International Bank Reconstruction
and Development (IBRD)
Offers loans to middle-income
countries to develop
and improve their economy

International Development
Association (IDA)
Provide loans and grants programs
that boost economic growth, reduce inequalities and improve people’s living conditions

International Finance Corporation(IFC)
Providing loans for private sectors in developing countries to create markets that open up opportunities for all
Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)
to promote foreign direct investment (FDI) into developing countries to help support economic growth, reduce poverty, and improve people's lives

International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)
Administered the majority of all international investment cases.
It is the forum for investor in most of international investment treaties and in numerous investment laws and contracts

International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Ensure the stability of the international
monetary system. It does so in three ways: keeping track of the global economy and the economies of member countries; lending to countries with balance of payments difficulties; and giving practical help to members.

World Trade Organization (WTO)
Regulates international trades
Deals with the rule of trade between nations
Ensures the trade will flows smoothly, predictably
and freely as possible.
Acts as forum in negotiation trade agreements

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Consists of 35 member countries
Stimulate economic progress and world trade
Providing a platform to compare policy experiences, seeking answers to common problems, identify good practices and coordinate domestic and international policies of its members.

Specialized Agencies
International Labor Organization
A United Nations agency dealing with labor problems, particularly international labor standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
A specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
Help eliminate hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition
Reduce Rural Poverty
Make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable
Enable inclusive and efficient agricultural and food systems
Increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
To contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom.
Contribute to build peace

World Health Organization
Building a better, healthier future for people all over the world
Concern about public health
Prime concern is to eradicate and combat dangerous diseases like AIDS/HIVS
Make researches in medicines and vaccines to eliminate diseases, and development of nutritious foods
Responsible for World Health Report and Survey

Other Specialized
International Institutions

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

to foster the planning and development of international air transport so as to ensure the safe and orderly growth of international civil aviation throughout the world
International Maritime Organization (IMO)

responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
connecting all the world's people
allocate global radio spectrum and satellite orbits, develop the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect, and strive to improve access to ICTs to underserved communities worldwide

Universal Postal Union (UPU)

ensure a truly universal network of up-to-date products and services
sets the rules for international mail exchanges and makes recommendations to stimulate growth in mail, parcel and financial services volumes and improve quality of service for customers.

World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

A specialized agency of the United Nations for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences.
the UN system's authoritative voice on the state and behavior of the Earth's atmosphere, its interaction with the oceans, the climate it produces and the resulting distribution of water resources.

(WIPO) World Intellectual Property Organization

Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce e.g. patents, copyright and trademarks
lead the development of a balanced and effective international intellectual property (IP) system that enables innovation and creativity for the benefit of all

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Invest in rural people, empowering them
to increase their food security, improve the nutrition of their families and increase their incomes. Building resilience, expand their businesses and take charge of their own development.

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

the specialized agency of the United Nations that
promotes industrial development for poverty reduction, inclusive globalization and environmental sustainability

World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism
leading international organization in the field of tourism, which promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide

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