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Causes of the Second World War
Transcript of Causes of the Second World War
The Saar Plebiscite
29th September 1938
15th March 1939
USSR - Nazi Pact
The Treaty of Versailles had put the Saar under the control of the League of Nations for 15 years.
1935: PLEBISCITE - the inhabitants of the Saar voted to return to Germany.
90% of the vote was in favour of returning to Germany.
Hitler began to build up his armed forces.
The army was expanded to
Far more than the 100,000 allowed in the Treaty of Versailles!
Germany also began building
warships, tanks and planes
the Rhineland in March 1936, breaking another term of the Treaty of Versailles.
It was a
– the German army had only
orders to retreat
if they met any resistance. But once again, Britain and France did nothing.
In 1938, Hitler took over Austria.
Hitler had always wanted a union with Austria but this was forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles.
Hitler encouraged Austrian Nazis to stir up trouble and demand union with Germany.
was held and
of Austrians voted in favour of an
Hitler sent his troops in peacefully in March 1938.
Again, Britain and France did nothing.
In 1938, Hitler tried to take over the Sudetenland. First, Hitler encouraged the Sudeten Nazis to demand union with Germany. Then, Hitler made plans to invade Czechoslovakia.
Neville Chamberlain appeased Hitler. At Munich, on 29 September 1938, Britain and France gave Hitler the Sudetenland.
On 15 March 1939, Hitler’s troops marched into the rest of Czechoslovakia. This, for most British people, was the time when they realised that the only thing that would stop Hitler was a war.
In summer 1939, Hitler began to unfold his plan to take over Poland. First, the Germans in Danzig demanded union with Germany. Then, Hitler threatened war.
Chamberlain promised the Poles that Britain would support them if Germany attacked Poland.
In August 1939, Hitler made a secret treaty with Russia. He thought this would stop Britain & France helping Poland.
On 1 September 1939, Hitler invaded Poland.
On 3 September 1939, Chamberlain declared war on Germany.