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Explicit & implicit meaning

Marrakech - George Orwell

Julie Bain

on 19 July 2013

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Transcript of Explicit & implicit meaning

Topic 1
Topic 2
Explicit meaning is...
Topic 3
What is a device in language that implies meaning?
Topic 4
How can the use of pronouns imply meaning?
Topic 5 - applying these things to texts
Marrakech - George Orwell
Themes include bigotry, intolerance, racism, marginalisation
Levels of meanings representing 'being human', within the text, can be implicit or explicit.
Meaning in texts can be both explicit and implicit.

Identifying how explicit meaning is made is a necessary skill in English, but it is fundamental.

Identifying how implicit meaning is made is a higher order skill in English.
Implicit meaning is...
The people who will sink into 'nameless mounds', in the orientation, verbs, like 'hack', 'dump' and 'fling', imply the burial rituals of the people are less than civilised.
Readers are distanced by the inclusions of pronouns like 'they', 'them', 'those', distance the reader (inclusive pronouns like we and us have the opposite purpose).
The reaction of the persona to the 'Arab navvy' asking for bread that was intended for the gazelle changes from one admiring the animal that looks 'good to eat' to one of incredulity as the 'employee of the Municipality' stows the bread 'under his rags'.

George Orwell, Marrakech, 1939
'They're all money-lenders really. They're cunning, the Jews.'
'All people that work with their hands are partly invisible... He is the same colour as the earth, and a great deal less interesting to look at'.

George Orwell, Marrakech, 1939
...meaning that is implied through innuendo and subtext. Implicit meanings are not always readily apparent, they provide readers with underlying meaning.
...stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt. The meaning is clear and evident.
Innuendo is an insinuation or intimation about a person or thing, especially of a disparaging or a derogatory nature.

Rhetorical questions - imply meaning because the author does not state the answer. They allow the audience to create their own answers even though the answer is implied by the question.
...we, us, mine - inclusive, demonstrate inclusion
...them, those, they - demonstrate exclusion and marginalisation
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