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The Transformation of the Roman World
Transcript of The Transformation of the Roman World
The Roman Empire
For hundreds of years, the Roman Empire ruled most of Europe and was a hugely powerful world force.
We owe a lot to the Romans, who made developments such as:
Architecture - roads, arches and aquaducts
Language - Latin is the root language of French, English, Italian and Spanish.
Religion - The Catholic Faith
Law - The idea that someone is innocent until proven guilty came from the Romans
Politics - The Romans were the first society to put the face of the ruler on coins, to remind everyone who was boss.
Customs - The use of rings to symbolise love, engagments and marriage.
Clothing - The Romans invented socks! They called them "soccus".
The Fall of Rome
From the 2nd Century CE, the Roman Empire began to weaken. Eventually, in 476 CE, the last Roman Emperor was chucked out, and the empire fell.
After Rome fell, two religions, Christianity and Islam, began to grow and spread.
Islam is based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad (born in 570 CE). Muhammad developed the Koran, the holy book of Islam.
Islam spread quickly and soon dominated the Middle East, South Asia and eventually spread to parts of Africa too.
The Spread of Christianity
Christianity also expanded rapidly after Rome fell.
Christianity is based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ (born in the year 0). The holy book for Christianity is called the Bible.
Christianity spread across most of Europe, first in the Mediterranean, then Britain and eventually Scandinavia and Eastern Europe.
Relations between people of different religions during this time were mostly harmonious and based on exchange.
However, tensions between Christianity and Islam rose and rose, and finally erupted in 1095 CE. For almost 200 years there were bloody battles and warfare between the two religions , known as the Crusades.
The Spread of Islam