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The Six Constitutional Principles

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Mallory Walton

on 26 April 2010

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Transcript of The Six Constitutional Principles

The Six Constitutional Principles Popular Sovereignty All of the power in the government lies in the hands of the people. Limited Government Government is limited in what it can do. The people are guaranteed certain rights. The 17th Amendment states "The Senate of the
United States shall be composed of two Senators
from each State, elected by the people." The First Amendment states "Congress
shall make no law respecting an establishment
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise
thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech,
or of the press." Federalism The power of government is divided between the national (federal) and state government. The 10th Amendment states "The power not delegated o the United States by
the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to
the States respectively, or to the people." Popular Sovereignty is important to protect today's society because if the people weren't in control
of the government, our country would probably be a dictatorship. The people in Russia have no say
in government, and look where they are. Limited government is important to protect today's society because
again, if our government was allowed to anything and everything,
we would become a dictated country much like Russia or China. Federalism is important to protect today's society because if the power wasn't
shared between national and state government, there would be no point in a state
government or national government. There would be no way in telling who would
become more powerful if the government's didn't share responsibilities. Separation of Powers Every branch of government has a unique job. In Article I, Section 1 "All legislative Powers herein granted shall
be vested in a Congress of the United States." Separation of Powers is important to protect today's society because if we didn't
have three branches of government with three separate jobs, our government would
never last. The jobs of all three branches are too much for just one branch of government
to deal with. The government would have never lasted. Judicial Review The court's decision of whether something
is constitutional or unconstitutional. Article III, Section 2 states "The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases,
in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution. Judicial Review is important in protecting today's society
because they interpret the laws. If we didn't have people
to interpret the laws, we would never come to a conclusion
of whether or not something is legal or illegal. People could get
away with just about anything if there wasn't a judicial review. Checks & Balances A system where each branch of government can check
each other to make sure one branch isn't becoming too
powerful. In Article I, Section 7 "Every Bill which shall have passed the House
of Representatives and the Senate, shall before it become a law, be presented
to the President of the United States: If he approve, he shall sign it, bt if not
he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated,
who shall enter the Objections at a large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it." Checks and Balances is important in protecting today's society
because without it, one branch of government could become too
powerful. The executive branch might gain all the power and overthrow
the government. THE END.
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