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Supporting Your Argument

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by

Brenda Measom

on 17 October 2014

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Transcript of Supporting Your Argument

What Is Evidence?
EVIDENCE is everything that is used to prove or disprove what you are saying.
Quality evidence is
credible
. You can trust what they are saying because of their level of education or experience.

Quality evidence comes from
reliable sources
. Reliable websites will usually end in .edu, .org, or .gov and will be updated recently. The publication will be trustworthy (i.e. NBC News).

Quality evidence is
unbiased
. Information that the experts give is always fair and never one-sided.
Quality Evidence

Values/Beliefs
Expert Opinions
Statistics
Facts
Anecdotes
Types of Evidence
Statistics:
Using data proven by numbers.
Ex. 7 out of every 10 motorcycle accidents that result in death are because the driver was not wearing a helmet at the time of the crash.
Facts:
Using information gathered by actual experience or observation.
Ex. Wearing aviators has been linked to looking cool in modern American society for decades.
Anecdotes:
Using personal stories or experiences.
Ex. While driving yesterday, I noticed a ton of trash littered on the side of the road.
Having supporting evidence is not enough for a good argument. You also have to make sure that you are not misrepresenting that evidence.
Logical Fallacies
Restates the argument rather than proving it with evidence.
Circular Argument
Oversimplifies or misrepresents the argument so that it's easier to attack.
Straw Man
Using peer pressure by assuming that if a lot of people think something, it must be true.
Bandwagon
Giving evidence or reasoning that is unrelated to the argument at hand.
Non-Sequitir
Supporting Your Argument
When writing an argument, evidence from other people who have researched your topic helps to add credibility to your arguments.
Values:

Using beliefs to prove a point.
Ex. Economic growth cannot happen until the poor can afford to feed, clothe, and house themselves.
Expert Opinions:
Using information from research done by credible sources.
Ex. According to the American Cancer Society, Ohio has the fourth largest breast cancer mortality rate in the United States.

Logical Fallacy:
A problem or error in the logic of your argument.
Why should you look for logical fallacies? Fallacies usually show a problem with the evidence used, or the connection between the evidence and the conclusion.
What is are the flaws in the evidence used to support the following argument?
Examples
Our school yearbook is the best in the district because it is better than any of the other schools' yearbooks.
We should have stricter gun control laws because the current law is too relaxed.
You should play fewer video games because playing too much isn't good.
Examples
Healthcare reform just boils down to giving money to people who don't want to work for themselves.
When the governor said that he wouldn't increase taxes in order to protect the economy, what he really meant was he doesn't want to upset rich people.
My teacher said that he is always available after school, but when I go in to get help he's never there.
Examples
90% of Americans say that they prefer i-phones over androids, so it must be the better brand.
You should let us out to lunch early--all of my other teachers do!
If you don't wear the jersey to school tomorrow, you will be the only player on the football team that doesn't dress up.
Examples
You think that your basketball team is better than ours, but did you know that our coach has a black belt in karate?
European chocolate is better than any other kinds because most Europeans speak more than one language.
You shouldn't vote for Stacy as student body president because the prices for food in the vending machine keeps going up.
Practice
Now, it's time for you to practice using these different types of evidence for arguments. Working with your partners, answer the questions in parts 2 and 3 of your worksheet.
Full transcript