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Transcript of LUMBAT
Why the Numbat is Endangered
Numbats are definitely endangered and about to be extinct very soon. The populations for the numbats are dropping dramatically. There are only about 1000 numbats left in the world. This is because their habitat has been cleared by agriculture and destroyed by bush fires. Also, they get killed from threats like dogs, cats and foxes. They are an easy target since they are not very fast and their predators are extremely fast.
Numbats are very important in their ecosystems making it crucial that they don't become extinct. As shown in the food web, numbats play an important role in controlling the over-population of termites which is extremely important for the survival of trees. As a result, humans benefit by having oxygen to breathe, food and animals to hunt and eat, and resources to use in our everyday lives.
For the survival of trees, humans, and numbats, please donate to Project Numbat and spread the word!
Numbats mostly live in the Eucalypt woodlands in Western Australia. This habitat contains old and fallen trees which provide shelter and an ideal environment for termites to nest. The trees protect the numbats by hiding them from birds of prey. Its climate must also be warm enough so that the termites will survive. Therefore, their habitat must not become too cold or wet or else termites would not thrive. A requirement they need for their environment is an abundance of termites to eat or else they will not be able to survive for long.
Why it is Important to its Ecosystem and Worth Saving
If the numbats became extinct then there would be an abundance of termites since numbats can eat 20,000 termites per day. As a result, termites can then eat and destroy trees which are extremely important resources that humans need such as paper, building houses, etc. In addition, trees provide oxygen to help us breathe and so if we had no trees we would not be able to breathe well. Another reason why it is important is that foxes, dogs, cats, etc, depend on the numbats to eat which if the numbats become extinct then those animals won't have very much to eat which will result in them dying.
What Must be Done to Save Numbats
Reduce agricultural logging activities which clear and eliminate their shelter and termite nests.
Control population of foxes, dogs, cats, etc because they are the main predators of numbats.
Prevent bush fires. So, for example, extinguish campfires completely.
Donate to Project Numbat which aims to prevent the extinction of numbats.
Share information about the endangered status and how important it is to maintain habitats for numbats to survive.
How Humans Use this Habitat
We use the forest in many ways. It is crucial that we have it for resources and to live. For example, there are numerous resources that humans use constantly. First off, the trees supply oxygen for us to live. Without trees, humans would not be able to survive because the air would be unsafe to breathe. If anything, people would have to create gas masks that filter the little oxygen that we would have in the air. Trees are a crucial part of the carbon cycle, a global process in which carbon dioxide constantly circulates through the atmosphere into organism and back again. Another way we use trees is that these provide wood for things humans use everyday like paper, pencils, building houses, furniture, a source of heat, etc. Humans also hunt a wide variety of animals who live in forests.
Adaptation to Habitat
Everything about this animal has pretty much evolved so that finding and eating animals are easier than what it would be for any other animal.
First off, the numbat has a very long and sticky tongue which the numbat have excellent control over it. This allows this marsupial to stick its tongue down deep termite holes and whenever it touches a termite, the bug gets stuck to it and it can't get free. It has the capability to extend to 100mm.
Secondly, numbats have extremely sharp claws. These claws have gotten more durable, stronger, and longer over the years. This helps the numbat with digging and burrowing his way to the termites into logs and into the ground to eat them.
Thirdly, numbats have extremely strong nose. This marsupial's nose has gotten so much stronger over the years. Their nose is actually quite long which makes it easier to smell out prey. They shove their nose into logs and in the dirt and can find a home of termites super fast. It can even smell a termite that is deep under ground and pinpoint its exact location.
Lastly, their striped fur helps them camouflauge against the woodland floor to prevent being eaten by birds of prey.
How Numbats Get Its Energy
Numbats' main source of energy comes from eating small bugs. The numbat is an omnivorous animal but its diet primarily consists of termites and occasionally ants and other small insects. An adult numbat can eat up to 20,000 termites a day!
Food Web and Its Role
Video of Numbat Adapting to its Habitat
The numbats' role in the food web include making sure that the termite population doesn't increase overwhelmingly. In addition, numbats provide a source of energy for its predators such as birds, dogs, foxes, dingos, and cats.
By: TJ Vu and Korsen Miller