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Westminster Abbey and St. Paul's Cathedral
Transcript of Westminster Abbey and St. Paul's Cathedral
In 1834 the land was sold by the abbey to be turned into a prison complex
Designed by Victorian architect John Francis Bentley
Acquired by the Catholic church in 1884
Foundation laid in 1895, completed eight years later History of Westminster Abbey Since the coronations in 1066 of both King Harold and William the Conqueror, coronations of English and British monarchs were held in the Abbey. Henry III was unable to be crowned in London when he first came to the throne because the French prince Louis had taken control of the city, and so the king was crowned in Gloucester Cathedral. However, this coronation was deemed by the Pope to be improper, and a further coronation was held in the Abbey on 17 May 1220. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the
cleric in the coronation ceremony.
King Edward's Chair (or St Edward's Chair), the throne on which English and British sovereigns have been seated at the moment of coronation, is housed within the Abbey and has been used at every coronation since 1308. From 1301 to 1996 (except for a short time in 1950 when it was temporarily stolen by Scottish nationalists), the chair also housed the Stone of Scone upon which the kings of Scots are crowned. Although the Stone is now kept in Scotland, in Edinburgh Castle, at future coronations it is intended that the Stone will be returned to St Edward's Chair for use during the coronation ceremony. Into the church The tower: The tower is 273' in height and is dedicated to st. Edward the confessor. It has but only one bell. Architecture: The building is neo-Byzantine style
It covers an area of about 54,000 square feet
The nave is unique for it is spacious and uninterrupted
Unlike a gothic cathedral, huge but narrow buttresses hold up the wall and the many domes
The internal height of the building is 111ft
It is mostly made of brick and concrete monuments of Westminster abbey Inside the 'Westminster Abbey you can visit the three majestic aisles full of places of great interest, among which surely the Chapel of Henry VII and the nearby Chapel of the Queen Elizabeth (the wife of the ruler), the Pyx Chamber where the Coronation Chair held the coronation of British monarchs.
In the Abbey there are also the tombs and monuments of some of the kings and the most illustrious of English history, as Winston Churchill.l. The chapel of Henry VII Grave of Queen Elizabeth Pyx Chamber Coronation Chair 604
The first cathedral dedicated to St Paul's is built on the site by Mellitus, Bishop of the East Saxons. 962
St Paul's is burnt and rebuilt in stone within the year.
Restoration on the Norman cathedral begins under the direction of the architect Inigo Jones.
The Great Fire of London destroys Old St Paul's. 1668
Wren is commissioned to produce a new design for St Paul's Cathedral. 1673
Wren's second plan and Great Model are abandoned. 1710
Construction on the new cathedral is completed. 1940
The cathedral is the target for a bombing raid during the Blitz. During firebombing, Prime Minister Churchill declares that St Paul's must be saved.
Human rights campaigner Martin Luther King preaches at St Paul's on his way to Oslo to collect the Nobel Peace Prize. 1996
Born Talamonti Andrea and Talamonti Cristiano