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The Mayans

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by

Michael Cartmell

on 1 December 2015

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Transcript of The Mayans

The Maya are an indigenous people of Mexico and Central America who have continuously inhabited the lands comprising modern-day Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tabasco, and Chiapas in Mexico and southward through Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and Honduras.
Although it is not known for sure where the Mayans came from, archealogical findings have brought forth the strongest evidence for the origin of the Mayan people.
It is not known where the Mayans came from. There are two theories that encircle the possibilities: Either the Maya developed directly from an older "mother culture" known as the Olmec, or they rapidly came into existence independently.
The Mayans are usually associated with monumental architecture. They built all kinds of temples, elegant palaces, and other large structures, each of which being dedicated to a specific diety.
Materials
The Mayans were deeply influenced by previous cultures, such as the Olmec and Teotihuacan. They used readily available local materials, such as limestone, sandstone, and volcanic tuff.
Baby-Squeezing
One interesting Mayan tradition is known as baby-squeezing. A sloped forehead was seen as noble in Mayan culture. It would actually deform their skulls, giving them their desired profile.
Origin
Mayan Architecture
Traditions
The Mayans
Mayan Temple
Jade Grills
The Mayans also found it respectable to have your teeth drilled and filled with jade.
Blood-Letting
The Mayans used lots of blood letting rituals to induce them into a trance-like state to receive mystical visions.
Crossed Eyes
On top of having sloped foreheads, the Mayans also found it very estimable to have crossed eyes.
Calendar
The Maya calendar is a system of
calendars used in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica,
and in many modern communities in the Guatemalan highlands, Veracruz,
Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico.
The Maya calendar consists of several
cycles or counts of different
lengths. The 260-day count
is known to scholars as the Tzolkin.
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