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Research project Shakespeare

AP English Literature <ms.nix p:7>

Vanessa Dempster

on 17 May 2011

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Transcript of Research project Shakespeare

Shakespeare The Rise and Legend Shakespeare, known and credited as one of the most poetic writers of all time, has influenced the works of the greatest writers to date for centuries. His tactful concepts and genius way of expressing things have glorified him with the title of one of the greatest writers of all time. Mary Arden, a local heiress, and John Shakespeare, a glover and a leather merchant, allegedly gave birth to young William Shakespeare in Henley Street, Stratford-upon-Avon, England on April 23, 1564 (Pressley). During a period called the Lost Years, Shakespeare left his family in Stratford-upon-Avon and moved to London in pursue of an acting career Back in London, Shakespeare joined a theatrical company by the name of Lord Chamberlain’s Men, later known as the Kings Men. Built in 1599, the Globe Theatre in London being the first Theatre where the company could perform their plays in an appropriate and befitting environment according to the Master of Revels, the governments censor (Cummings). The “Upstart Crow” a pamphlet written by Robert Green in 1652, was the first printed reveal of Shakespeare (Grey). This pamphlet criticized Shakespeare of gaining his popularity through social acquaintance and economic wealth, and, as for a writer, his introverted personality made him inadequate for the profession (William Shakespeare the Upstart Crow). Green also commented on Shakespeare’s repetative skill to pirate others ideas and plagiarize them as his own. After the reign of Henry VII, England was torn between the denominations of the Protestants and the Catholics. Raised by ardent Catholics, many believe that he himself was devout in the religion, this claim also corroborated by the references of Catholicism Shakespeare used in his dramas (Huxley). During the Elizabethan era, literature written in ancient times became highly available in various languages, due to the resurrection of the arts. Poets and playwrights based their work on the presumptions of earlier authors including Sophocles, Dante Alighieri, and Petrarch With this work, Shakespeare also commented on the leisurely attitude of government of the Elizabethan Era and the effects it had on society. In Ovid’s version of Pyramus and Thisbe, is a story of two Babylonian lovers, forced to live apart because of their parents afflictions and rivalry. Borrowed by Shakespeare, a well known trait of his especially with classic literature, their crack in the wall romance only mirrors the tale of Romeo and Juliet, his most profound masterpiece. Here feel we but the penalty of Adam,

The seasons' difference, as the icy fang

And churlish chiding of the winter's wind,

(As You Like It, Act 2, Scene 1, Line 5-7)

Duke Senior curses the court for his exiling in the Forest of Arden, and how just like Adam was exiled from the Garden of Eden on Eve’s behalf, he is constrained to the deplorable depths for his brother’s selfishness and determined ascendancy to the throne. His aggressive disapproval is personified with the cold and bitter season of Winter, also a burden he has endured, as it nips at his innocuous soul, in which he was wrongly punished. Hamlet, his longest and most memorable play, is about the prince of Denmark and his plot to avenge his fathers murder, by killing his monstrous uncle, the newly announced King Claudius. The play was not only based on the death of Shakespeare’s son, but the actual son of a Danish “King of the Jutes” during the dark ages (Time). The King of Jutes was also assassinated, and the crown was preempt by his brother. As playwrights at the time were not considered serious authors, poets on the other hand received an enormous amount of respect from society and viewed as educated and well accepted orthodox men. A great Sonnet of Shakespeare’s is that of Sonnet 142, Love is my Sin. Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, a novel very much influenced by Shakespearean
language, is a story about a dystopian society in which warns of giving certain governmental powers over the control and use of new technological advances. Why we study Shakespeare is clear... It gives us insight on the world of Shakespeare in his point of view, and, we learn as readers that reality comes in different forms. Whether it was “To Be or Not To Be”, the subject of the matter remains that Shakespearean culture is as important to humanity as if it is imprinted in our very human DNA. To study Shakespeare is not just to read one of his plays, but to experience it with all the senses a human can possess. Upon learning of the rise of the great William Shakespeare, we now better understand why his writings impacted us so, and can infer where the next generation of poets will take us. WHo ??? Writing from inspiration, Shakespeare covered themes of religious and political issues during his era, rhetorical technique through his poetic language, and influencing other works based on not only his works but his own life. His success as a actor, playwright, and poet began where all great people come from. In the womb. He was said to be baptised three days later and is recorded in a facsimile of his baptism at the Holy Trinity Church.The entry is in Latin and reads "Gulielmus filius Johannes Shakspere" or, in English, "William son of John Shakspere". How was he educated??? Shakespeare attended the free grammar school in Stratford, for his knowledge of Latin and Classical Greek support this claim. During his schooling, Shakespeare was known to be a very quick learner and his capacity to memorize and grasp on to moral purpose and meaning set him steadily apart from his pupils WHere eLsE Did He GO??? From His works.... Julius Ceasar The Taming of The Shrew And Romeo and Juliet Suggest that during these years, Shakespeare traveled respectively to the country of Italy. Ok... And....What Happened after that?? Although Shakespeare’s presence there is undoubtedly evident, the first proof of it was in text. The Elizabethan Era Religious Reformation Political NegleT to enforce Authority A Revival of the Arts And Leaving the incessant of a period in which lived for generations to come, Shakespeare infused the pious attitudes of which he established his plays on (Mok). Measure for Measure, a work Shakespeare conjured about ethical issues, according to Lauren Togtman, is described as a "concept of justice… interpreted Biblically as 'an eye for an eye' or with the concept of returning good for evil.". SO What?? What makes this play relevant to Religious Reformation during the Elizabethan Era?? Morality of Right vs. Wrong Reflects the degrading Characteristics of... Damnation Hypocrisy Corruption Looked disagreeably upon in the Catholic Church :( **(shakespeares own emotions towards the church)** The Duke states that for the past few years, his unlawful subjects have paraded around his city, without proper prosecution and punishment, and that because of this, his people have assumed his rule as folly:

Shakespeare demonstrates the Dukes observation of the people taking advantage, and in the simile, represents the peoples reluctance to mature. There is a tone that expresses a sincere parental concern and conclusive yearning for them to oblige the law. We have strict statures and most biting laws.

The needful bits and curbs to headstrong weeds,

Which for these nineteen years we have let slip;

Even like an o’ergrown lion in a cave,

That goes not out to prey. Now, as fond fathers,

Having bond up the threatening twigs of birch,

Only to stick it in their children’s sight

For terror, not to use, in time the rod

Becomes more mock’d than fear’d; So our decrees,

Dead to infliction, to themselves are dead;

And liberty plucks justice by the nose;

The baby beats the nurse, and quite athwart

Goes all decorum

(Measure for Measure, Act I, Scene 3, Line 3-16) Written in a famous pamphlet, The Anatomy of Abuses (1587), Philip Stubbes, a repugnant critic of the theater, elaborated his opinions toward the hands off practices of the government, and his belief in which he blames the government for the social problems of the era, stating, "Give a wild horse the liberty of the head never so little and he will run headlong to thine and his own destruction also. ... So correct Children in their tender years.". Shakespeare’s affiliation with classical literature and how it inspired his pieces, is also found recurrently in Biblical scriptures of the early first century A.D In his play, As You Like It, the story of Rasalind, daughter of a banished Duke who falls in love with a disinherited son, Orlando, Shakespeare refers to Adam and the first sin of mankind; The Biblical reference of Roman 5: 12-14: Sound Familiar??? .... Hamlet just a little?? Shakespeare’s work, Antony and Cleopatra, is evidently derived from the tragic love affair between Marcus Antonious (also known as Mark Antony), a military commander and administrator for Julius Ceaser, and Cleopatra VII Philopator, the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, during the Parthian war which began in 92 B.C (Neil). Poet Fairly short, all of his 154 sonnets describe themes of love, or love lost (William Shakespeare Sonnets). By definition, sonnets consist of a poem containing fourteen line; Shakespearean sonnets contain three four line stanzas, and a two line couplet (The Sonnets of William Shakespeare). In this sonnet, Shakespeare refers to a women who continuously denies a man of her love, yet still pursues it with men of whom can only give her physical satisfaction. The woman’s admirer feels jealously at her reckless love, and expresses that she is looking for it in all the wrong places: Accredited by Madame de Stael, a french propagandist in the late 17th century, she stated: “The desire of the man is for the woman, but the desire of the woman is for the desire of the man.”. This quote perfectly represents Sonnet 142, because it illustrates how Shakespeare developed this woman to desire the need to be possessed by a man, not loved; If she wished for love than her promiscuous acts would not just be a way to conceal her shame: ...Be it lawful I love thee, as thou lovest those,

Whom thine eyes woo as mine importune thee:...

If thou dost seek to have what thou dost hide,

By self- example thou mayst be denied...

(Sonnet 142, My Love is Sin) The man refers to himself, to show the irony in which the women will soon learn. ... Hate of my sin, grounded on sinful loving:

… O, but with mine compare thou thine own state,

And thou shalt find it merits not reproving;

Or, if it do, not from those lips of thine,

That have profaned their scarlet ornamnets

… And stolen married men from their domestic beds...

(Sonnet 142, Love is My Sin) Madame de Stael Influenced.. The title is taken from Miranda’s words in The Tempest, referring to her excitement that there are more people where Fernandid, her love, has came from, and her desire to see them: O, wonder!

How many goodly creatures are there here!

How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world,

That has such people in't

(The Tempest, Act V, Scene I) Based on the book, Miranda’s words are rather ironic to Huxley’s initial purpose, being the inhabitants of Brave New World aren't as goodly creatures as they seem. Why Shakespeare?? The end. Actor Playwright Othello Macbeth Temptation London Duel Love Betrayel Hamnet & Susanna Anne Hathaway Sonnets Presentation created by:
Vanessa C. Dempster
AP English Literature
Ms. Nix WPHS<3
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