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Under the Surface

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Josh Zhou

on 15 April 2014

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Transcript of Under the Surface

Kristofer Jacobson~Director
Sidharth Dedhia~Computer Artist
Joshua Zhou~Computer Artist

Patrick Liu~Researcher
Kevin Ye~Researcher
Women's Freedoms in the Middle East
For centuries, Pakistani, Iraqi, and Afghan women have lived in fear.
In 2007, the Taliban banned personal freedoms such as music, dance, and schooling for girls.
Under the Surface
Works-Cited Page (1)
The Arrival of the Taliban

"Who is Malala?" he asked.
Everyone looked at her, and the gunman raised a pistol, and fired three shots, one of which hit their target.
The Shooting

Aseem, Prakash. Don't blame the military alone: Womens rights in Pakistan. 2013. Aug 16
<http://www.opendemocracy.net/sarah-ahmed-aseem-prakash/ don%E2%80%99t-blame-military-alone-women%E2%80%99s-rights-in-pakistan>.

Ellick, Adam B. Taliban Gun Down Girl Who Spoke Up for Rights. The New York Times: 2009
and 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/10/ teen-school-activist- malala-yousafzai-survives-hit-by-pakistani-taliban.html?page wanted=all&_r=0>.

“Erasing Women in Saudi Arabia.” Upfront Magazine. 10 and 17 Dec 2012 ed.

Husain, Mishal. Malala: The girl who was shot for going to school. 2013. 7 Jan 2014.

Malala Yousafzai, biography. 2013. 7 Jan 2014. <http://www.biography.com/

Saudi Arabia. 2014. 7 Jan 2014. <http://www.hrw.org/world-report/2013/

Malala stayed in an Islamic Hospital for
Now things have changed.
Women in the Middle East have fought long and hard for basic rights such as education, the right to vote, and freedom of artistic expression (clothing).
Political Rights for Women
In Saudi Arabia, women still cannot vote.
Personal Freedoms
Women are not allowed to be filmed.
Women's Educational Rights
More than 50% of girls in Pakistan don't receive education.
A 15-year-old Pakistani girl named Malala Yousafzai, and her father, resisted the Taliban's attempt to stop girls from going to school.
Rules on Clothing
Shortly after Saddam Hussein's capture, Islamic militiamen took control of the surrounding area.
Women have the right to vote in most countries in the middle east.
The Rest of the Middle East
The strictness of fashion rules has yet to to change, but the enforcement is not as frequent.
Riam and her Father
Islamic militiamen attempted to kidnap a girl named Riam, while she was walking home from school one day. It was because she was wearing her school uniform.
Women in Iraq could be threatened, harassed, kidnapped, or even killed by Islamic militiamen for not wearing an abaya.
They don't have the right drive a car, either!
Women are not allowed be without a male chaperone with them in public.
The Taliban threaten schoolgirls, because the Taliban fear that if women were educated, they would retaliate.

Her mom learned from the experience and bought robes for her daughters.
Over 400 girls' schools were bombed across Pakistan.
The Taliban posted death threats over FM radio at night.
Injustice in Schools and at Home
Educational Rights, cont.
Ex. "We know that terrorists are afraid of the power of education." -Malala Yousafzai (in the UK)
If women became educated, they could change their rights and speak out, like Malala Yousafzai.
The Taliban tried to assassinate Malala multiple times, but the only successful one was on October 9, 2012.
This won them many admirers, but also many enemies.
The Shooting
A member of the Taliban steps in front of the white Toyota pickup truck.
The driver stops the bus.
Another Taliban member steps up on the tailgate, and asks,
"Who is Malala?"
Everyone looks at Malala, and the man shakily raises a pistol, and fires three shots.
Malala slumps forward, the second and third shots striking others.
Her Recovery and Future
Malala spent six days in a local hospital, but was then flown out to Birmingham, England.
Since then, Malala has appeared in many countries worldwide, made a famous speech, received multiple peace awards and has even written a book, called
I am Malala.
Here is an excerpt from her one of her speeches: “… The terrorists thought that they would change my aims and stop my ambitions, but nothing changed in my life except this: weakness, fear, and hopelessness died. strength, power and courage was born. I am the same Malala. My ambitions are the same. My hopes are the same, and my dreams are the same…”
She later went on to ask for the aid of other nations to speak out like she did for girls’ education, and also for the aid of women in other nations too.
Malala did a lot for the fight for education for women in Pakistan, as well as setting an example for women worldwide.
A Summary
Tip of the Iceberg
Thanks for Watching!!
If the girls did not obey the Taliban, they were subject to public harassment and beatings.
Williams, Timothy, and Mohammed, Abeer. “A New Look In Baghdad.” Upfront
Magazine. 14 Dec 09 ed.

Women’s Political Rights in Afghanistan. 8 Jan 2014. <http://www. 777voting.com/

Women’s Political Rights in Pakistan. 8 Jan 2014. <http://777voting.com/pakistan>.

Yousafzai, Malala, and Lamb, Christina. “The Bravest Girl in the World." Upfront Magazine.
9 Dec 2013 ed.
Works-Cited Page cont.
Full transcript