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Animal Farm

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Diansa Ngo

on 15 January 2015

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Transcript of Animal Farm

Animal Farm
Russian Revolution
Animal Farm has been called an allegory of the Russian Revolution of 1917
Russian Revolution involves two revolutions
1) In February, Russian Revolution
Demolish of the Russian
monarchy [supreme ruler(s) with usually inherited power
ex. head of state, especially a king, queen, or emperor.]
Establishment of a
Provisional Government [an emergency or makeshift government set up when no government has yet been established]
2) In October, second Russian Revolution
Demolish of the
Provisional Government
World's first
[Government ruling with the idea that everyone should be equal]
Class Agenda
Class 9
Individual Responsibilities
Let's learn Animal Farm together!
FB GROUP: ENG3U1 Class of 2014-15

Student Journal Entry 8
Review your notes/resources for Animal Farm
Check if you have all handouts & notes
Recap on Class 1 - 2
30min Reading
20min Class Discussion
10min Continue of reading
Student Class Journal Entry
Hand in Journal Entry 1
Completion of Ch 3
Established organization of Student Class
Task of Reading Chapters 4 & 5
Task of Journal Entry 2
Completion of Ch 1
Task of Reading Chapters 2 & 3
Task of Journal Entry 1
Recap on
Class 3
Hand in Journal Entry 2
Completion of Ch 5
Task of Reading Chapters 6 - 9
Task of Journal Entry 3
New Sheet : Characters in Animal Farm
Class Structure
For C1 - 4
What's the point?
Main Goals
Completion of Student Class Journal
with useful information to assist with
Complete Knowledge & Understanding
to pass the
Complete Analysis of Characters
to assist with
of Which Animal Best Represents You

Class Goals
Completion of Animal Farm Novel
Notes On Relations to Human Society
Allegory of the Russian Revolution
Notes following the format of Elements of Literature
Plot Overview,Setting, Characters, Conflict, Themes, and Point of View
Completion of Student Class Journal

Chapters 1 - 5
Introduction Beast of England
Rebellion occurs
Manor Farm renamed as Animal Farm
Introduction Seven Commandments
Seven Commandments reduced to Four legs good, two legs bad
Battle of the Cowshed
Debate for or against Windmill Plan
Snowball’s expulsion
Affirmed Windmill Plan Production
Animal Farm engage in trade with the neighboring farms
Introduction of Mr. Whymper
(intermediary between Animal Farm and the outside world)
Fourth Commandment Changed, "No animal shall sleep in a bed
with sheets
Windmill destroyed

1. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
2. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
3. No animal shall wear clothes.
4. No animal shall sleep in a bed.
5. No animal shall drink alcohol.
6. No animal shall kill any other animal.
7. All animals are equal.
Animals are starving
Putting up a face to the humans
Protest of Eggs
Snowball rumors
Confessions and executions
Abolishment of Beasts of England

Main Events
Sixth Commandment changed, "No animal shall kill any other animal without cause"
New poem composed by Minimus called, "Comrade Napoleon"
Stories of Pinchfield farm and Farmer Frederick practiced animals cruelty
Pile of timber sold to Frederick
Frederick was dishonest in the timber exchange
Attack from Frederick
Destroyed Windmill
Fifth Commandment changed, "No animal shall drink alcohol
to excess
Ch. 6 Summary
Ch 7 Summary
Animals still starving, rations reducing
Pigs formed a school for the young piglets
Boxer gets injured and is announced to be treated in the hospital at Willingdon
Boxer is betrayed and sent to Alfred Simmonds, Horse Slaughterer and Glue Boiler
Ch. 8 Summary
Ch 9 Summary
Czar Nicholas II
Literal Level of Immediate Narrative
Political, Historical, Philosophical or Moral Commentary
Intended By the Author
ideas, opinions, and perspectives
portrayed literally in the story
ideas, opinions, and perspectives
the author is trying to convey through metaphors and symbols
Ex. Even after the rebellion, not all animals are equal. Pigs got privilege over all animals for apples and milk
Ex. Even after the first revolution,
the Russian people did not receive the bread and land they were promised
Last Emperor of Russia during monarchy
Abdicated [(of a monarch) renounce one's throne]
Mr. Jones was kick out by the animals as the Manor Farm farmer.
First successful overthrown of human-ruled-farms by farm animals
Karl Marx
Died before the revolution
Explored sociopolitical theories
Published The Communist Manifesto to shared his ideas and perspectives
Major died before the rebellion
Understood that animals don't need humans to live
Shared the song of The Beasts of England
Communism is...
a solution for a true utopian society that can removes racism, sexism and other forms of oppression and allows the idea that everyone can receive equal benefits
the ultimate plan for social and financial equality is to spread it to all countries around the world .
the cause that capitalist nations fear communist economic practices will spread to their country.
the solution for animals to live free and equal without being ruled by humans
the ultimate plan to spread the word of rebellion to all enslaved farm animal
the cause of farmers fearing the rebellion will spread to their farms
Joseph Lenin
founder of the Russian Communist Party & leader of the Bolshevik Revolution
Convince the others that it was time for an armed
a violent uprising against government
A vote of ten to two in favor of another revolution
Snowball, leader of the rebellion
Convinced others to build the Windmill
Won the vote for building the Windmill
Leon Trotsky
Fought in the Battle of the Cowshed
After the rebellion, there was a power struggled with snowball and Napoleon
Snowball was chased out of Animal Farm

Helped defeat forces opposed to Bolshevik control
As the Soviet government developed, there was a power struggle against him and Joseph Stalin
He was exiled
Joseph Stalin
Napoleon ruled with total power over the Animal Farm
Allowed a prosperous and flourishing farm into starvation, oppression, and inequality
Executed animals who confessed their crimes
a dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Ruled with terror, transforming a peasant society into an military and industrial superpower
His brutal reign caused millions of his own citizens death
Introduced by General Secretary Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union
Purpose of boosting agricultural production through the organization of labor and land into
collective farms
( a farm or a group of farms organized as a unit)
The structure of farming instructed by pigs
Organization of how animals would contribute to the farm

Five year Plan
Stalin's advisers said modernization of farming would require an extra tractors.
a need to develop the oil fields to provide the necessary petrol to drive the tractors
The windmill requires much time and effort to build
Mr. Whymper advised how it should be built
A need for the machine required to get the windmill working

The use of information that promotes or publicizes a particular political cause or point of view, usually is biased or misleading
Mose, the tamed raven promotes the idea of Sugarcandy Mountain to promote animals to not complain and work
The concept that a state should have total authority over the society and control to all aspects of public and private life wherever possible.
Napoleon rules alone by having total control and authority over the animals.
For ex. controls food rations
The Purges
Stalin's purges resulted from paranoia and desire to be an absolute autocrat
the leader became increasingly paranoid (seeing plots everywhere) and power-mad
Execution of animal who've committed crimes against Animal farm
Napoleon became paranoid about Snowball plotting for revenge
an abrupt or violent removal of a group of people from an organization or place
30min Reading
Catch Up on Assigned Chapters
Begin Reading Ch 10
20min Class Discussion
Summary of Chapters up to 9
Relations to The Russian Revolution
10min Continue of reading

Catch Up on Assigned Chapters
Begin Reading Ch 10
Recap C4
We Finished Student Class!
Thank you for all your hard work!
Ch. 10 Summary
Farm has become more "prosperous" and better organized
Animals still in poor conditions besides pigs and dogs
"... generally hungry, they slept on straw, they drank from the pool, they laboured in the fields; in winter they were troubled by the cold, and in summer by the flies."
Still the only farm in England owned and operated by animals
Pigs walking on two feet
Four legs good, two legs better!
Pigs came to look exactly as man

Student Class Journal Entry
Student Class Journal Entry ##
Summary Of Class
What we learned?
(How was the class lesson organized? Agenda?)
Was class successful and productive?
(Was what you learned useful?)
Individual Roles
Your Role
(How did you contribute?)
Your Classmates
(Did anyone bring up any interesting topics in class discussions?)
Recap C5 & 6
Watched and Finished Animal Farm Movie
Gained new perspective and insight
**Remember it has different elements compared to the novel
We are tested on the novel, not movie
Join the ENG FB Group
Student Journal Entry 9
Get the Online Handouts:
Study Guide
Themes, Motifs and Symbols in Animal Farm
The corruption of Socialist Ideals in the Soviet
Joseph Stain became a dictator in the development of Soviet communism during the RR
Napolean established absolute power in Animal Farm
The Societal Tenancy Towards Class Stratification
Classes unified in the face of common enemy (ANIMAL F: Animal VS Human, RUSSIAN R: municipal gov. VS citizens)
Defeat of humans result in power vacuum/ gap needed to be filled
Use of superior advantage to manipulate society to their own benefit
The Danger of a Native Working Class
Inability or unwillingness to question authority leads to suffering
The Abuse of Language as Instrumental to the Abuse of Power
Manipulating language to control others and justify actions
Used as propaganda with one major conduit of social control
Evokes an atmosphere of grandeur and nobility
Advocate sense of individuality and focus of task
Ex. songs (Beast of England), poems (Minimus's ode to Napoleon), and slogans (Sheep chants)
State Ritual
Used to reinforce loyalty
Examples :
such as the gun shooting every year to celebrate the victory of Cowshed,
Military awards
such as the title Animal Hero, First/Second Class
New Songs
such as Minimus's ode to Napoleon
To Represent abstract ideas or concepts
Animal take over of farm with pigs as leaders
Russia and the soviet Union under Communist Party rule
Seven Commandments and later their revisions
represent the
collective memory of a modern nation
Institutions in power can revise a community`s concept of history to gain more power and control
Pigs altering the seven commandments
Revising a nation`s conception of its origin and development
allows the oppressed to depend on authorities for communal sense of self (ex. pigs changing idea of animalism to
gain more power and control over animals resulting in animals relying on pigs to lead them to continuous freedom and equality
Twisting the idea of Animalism to justify unmoral actions
(ex Squealer threatening, ``Surely, comrades, you do not want Jones back?`` to justify Snowball as an enemy working with humans)
Manipulation for own gain
and benefit ( ex. Despite the immediate need for food and warmth,
pigs take advantage of the native animals for earning more money to increase their power
Psychological manipulation
(ex. Pigs directing the blame for the destruction of Windmill to snowball causing
animals to unite under a common enemy instead of doubting the rule of pigs
Sign of betrayal
to fellow animals
from pigs (
Declaring windmill`s purpose to be used for commercial use which is
engaging in human principles)
represents the
modernization projects undertaken in the Soviet Russia after the Russian R.
: Student Class Instructions
: Animal Farm Study Guide (
Please check out
online doc.
for full handout)
Completion of Animal Farm Novel
Ch. 1 - 10
Notes On Relations to Human Society (Russian Revolution)
: Animal Farm and The Russian Revolution & NOTES on it
: Animal Farm: Comparison of Characters to Russian Revolution
Notes following the format of Elements of Literature
-Themes, Motifs and Symbols in Animal Farm
PLEASE check out the
online doc.
for full handout and additional info)
: Characters in Animal Farm
Completion of Student Class Journal
C1-C8 + Review of C9 journal entries

Everything YOU Have:
Completion of
Animal Farm Novel
Notes On Relations to Human Society (
Russian Revolution
Notes following the format of
Elements of Literature

Completion of
Student Class Journal
Completion of
Student Class Journal
with useful information to assist with
Analysis of Characters
to assist with
of Which Animal Best Represents You
Knowledge & Understanding

to pass the
Assist with
C1-C9 student class
journal entries
: Class structure & Class Recaps
: Student Class Instructions
Assist with
:Characters in Animal Farm
Assist with
:Animal Farm: Comparison of Characters to Russian Revolution
on Russian Revolution
:Animal Farm and The Russian Revolution
on Themes, Motifs and Symbols (*did not finish notes, please get it on prezi)
: Themes, Motifs and Symbols in Animal Farm (
**online doc.
:Characters in Animal Farm
: Animal Farm
Study Guide
**online doc.

Learning The
Russian Revolution
Compare Influential Figures from the
Russian Revolution and Characters
in Animal Farm
Elements of Literature
(motifs,symbols, themes)
Student Class Journal
Entry Format

Summary of the last 7 classes
Continue notes on Elements of Literature
(motifs,symbols, themes)
Additional HELP

take advantage of your opportunities! USE THIS!
(ALL Animal Farm Notes)
FB Group
(ENG3U1 Class of 2014-15)
Doc. (
) *on

Full transcript