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Urban Crucible

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by

Jarod Roll

on 7 September 2017

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Transcript of Urban Crucible

Urban Crucible

HIS 106
Dr. Roll
Growth of Cities:

1870: 18 cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants
1900: 38 cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants
--including three with more than 1 million
(New York, Chicago, Philadelphia)
Between 1870 and 1900:

11 million people moved to American cities
Chicago, 1900
New York, 1900
Immigrants to US after 1880 come increasingly from:
Italy, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Poland, Russia, Ottoman Empire (Turkey), and Japan
Macy's, New York
American city takes shape:
-- business and residential zones (downtown, industrial areas, and suburbs)
-- working class and middle class
-- leisure culture (shopping, sports, parks)

Urban problems:
--bad sanitation
--bad streets
--bad housing
--inadequate fire and police protection
--unclean water

Children playing near a dead horse
New Fears:
--fear of foreigners, especially Catholics, Jews, and Asians
--Immigration Restriction League, 1894
--Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882
--Japanese Exclusion, 1906-1907
--new ideas of "scientific racism" to explain these fears
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