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The Paleolithic/Neolithic era
Transcript of The Paleolithic/Neolithic era
The Paleolithic Weather
- The Paleolithic age or era, is also known as the old stone age
- started from about 2.5 million years ago to about 10,000 years ago
- Paleolithic people were known to be the first humans or "homo sapiens" to be on this earth
- At the beginning of the Paleolithic, homo sapiens lived in eastern Africa, but later moved into Asia and Europe.
- They lived in caves, built homes made of animal skins, branches and leaves depending on weather
- They used animal skins for clothes
Paleolithic Food Source
- They hunted animals, they fished, and gathered other food, like fruits.
- They kept the bones, meat, milk, and skin.
- They did not and did not know how to grow food
- All they did for food was hunt and find fruits.
- lived in groups of about 25 people
- Throughout this era, there were different times with very cold periods and mild periods
- The Neolithic age or era, is also known as the new stone age
- started from about 10,000 years ago to about 5,000 years ago
- Later in the Paleolithic era, there was a period called "The Ice Age", where the earth was very very cold with ice, glaciers and snow everywhere
- The Neolithic era began when the ice age ended
- At this time, people had animals of their own
- People domesticated plants and animals (Domesticated means that they tamed or changed the way they are)
- Now people were in many places with different skin colors
Neolithic Food Source
- People now grew food.
- People grew: wheat, barley, lentils, fax and more.
- People hunted animals but did not relay on it to survive anymore like in the Paleolthic era.
- They where hunter gatherers.
- They used simple tools
- They used new tools and had different jobs (Division of Labor)
- They domesticated plants and animals.
- Houses were made from tree trunks sunk into the ground
or from woven
branches covered with mud
Tools and technology
-They made tools by flaking stones.
-They made axes and knives.
-They discoverd that rubbing two sticks or hitting two stones would make fire.
-They used fire to defend themselves, cook, hunt, and to give light and heat.
-They learned how to breed animals.
- People who created surplus had farming "jobs".
- The Neolithic era began after the ice age ended so it is now warmer.
-They lived in fertile areas with normal weather.
Tools and technology
-They made hoes for digging soil
and plows to fix the land before
they planted seeds.
- They made sickles to cut grain in order to turn it into flour.
- They used cows to fertilize the land.
Neolithic Shelter and clothing
- They settled down.
-They lived in houses made out of mud bricks which where held up by timber.
-They wore clothes made out of
-They made woven garaments.
-If they where farmers they lived
in the fertile crescent.
Cause and Effect
Cause #1: During the paleolithic
Cause #2: During the neolithic time, they grew plants and created surplus
Effect #1: so they followed them around and became nomadic hunter-gatherers
Effect #2: So it created divison of labor
time, they didn't know how to breed animals
Cause #3: The ice age ended and it became warmer
Effect #3: People were able to plant food
By: Malisa Trueblood & Alissa Garcia