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Buddhism Beyond India

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by

Dana Wessell Lightfoot

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of Buddhism Beyond India

Buddhism Beyond India
India
Thailand
China
Universal Religions:
Buddhism, Christianity and Islam
open to anyone
teachings valid for all people
how to stay true to core message?
Buddhism in India after the Buddha's Death
3rd c. B.C.E. in Northern India
-monks and nuns
blending of Hindu concepts with criticism of caste system
Emperor Ashoka, 270-232 B.C.E.
Mauryan Empire
Buddhism Expands out of India
Theravada Buddhism
denied Buddha has God, but revered him as great teacher
Mahayana Buddhism
Buddha as a God
Theravada Buddhism
Mahayana Buddhism
Buddhism in China
68 C.E. Buddhist monks at Han Imperial Court
Buddhism and Confucianism: Conflict
Spiritual discipline/renounce worldly pleasures
vs.
Harmony for social relationships
Life of monk or nun
vs.
Fulfilling family duties
Chinese Buddhism
translation of Indian texts: 60-317 C.E.
Lotus Sutra (255 C.E.)
Bodhisattva: enlightened Buddhists on the brink of nirvana, act as intermediary
What aspects of Confucianism could be incompatible
with Buddhism?
A) Emphasis on familial duty
B) Study of the Classics
C) Emphasis on Education
D) Gender roles
Buddhism and Daoism
reflection and introspection

understand natural principles of the world

live in harmony with nature
Buddhism in the Sui and Tang Dynasties
Northern Wei
(4th to late 6th c. C.E.)
Dominant religion in
China (end of 5th c. C.E.)
Sui and Tang Dynasties
(589-907 C.E.)
Tibetan Buddhism
King Songsten Gampo (7th century)
King Trisong Detsen (mid-8th century)
Buddhist Revolution (15th century)
Gelugpa Sect
Lamaism
Chenrezig

14th Dalai Lama (1935-present)

Adaptation to local beliefs vs.
established doctrine
Vaishyas and
Shudras
Full transcript