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Isaiah Rosado

on 12 November 2014

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Transcript of Buddhism

Buddhism: Basic Beliefs
The Four Noble Truths

The Nobel 8-Fold Path

The 5 Precepts




Siddhartha Gautama: The Buddha
Siddhartha Gautama was born into a royal family in Lumbini, now located in Nepal, in 563 BC.
At 29, he realized that wealth and luxury did not guarantee happiness, so he explored the different teachings, religions and philosophies of the day, to find the key to human happiness.
After six years of study and meditation he finally found 'the middle path' and was enlightened at at the age of 35.
After enlightenment, Siddhartha Gautama became the Buddha and spent the rest of his life teaching the principles of Buddhism, called the Dhamma, or Truth, until his death at the age of 80.
The Buddah was not a God, and he did not claim to be a God. He was a man that taught the path of enlightenment through his own expirience.
Buddhist Holy Places:
Buddhist Place of Worship
A Buddhist place of worship is called a Vihara.







The First Noble Truth
The first truth is that life is suffering. For example life includes pain, getting old, disease, and ultimately death.
We also endure emotional suffering like loneliness frustration, fear, embarrassment, disappointment and anger.
This fact cannot be denied. It is realistic instead of being pessimistic because pessimism is believing that the worst will happen.
Instead, Buddhism explains how suffering can be avoided and how people can be truly happy.
The Second Noble Truth
The second truth is that suffering is caused by want and aversion.
People will suffer if we expect other people to comply with our expectation, if we want others to like us, if we do not get something we want,etc. In other words, getting everything you want does not guarantee happiness.
Instead of constantly struggling to get what they want, Buddhists try to modify their wanting.
Wanting deprives Buddhists of contentment and happiness.
A lifetime of wanting and craving and especially the craving to continue to live, creates a powerful energy which causes a person to be born.
Craving leads to physical suffering because it causes people to be reborn.
The Third Nobel Truth
The third truth is that suffering can be overcome and happiness can be accomplished; that true happiness and contentment are possible.
If Buddhists give up useless craving and learn to live each day at a time, without dwelling in the past or the imagined future, then Buddhists can become happy and free.
Buddhists then have more time and energy to help others.
This is Nirvana.
The Fourth Nobel Truth
The fourth truth is that the Noble 8-fold Path is the path which leads to the end of suffering.
The Nobel 8-Fold Path
The Noble 8-fold Path is being moral:
Through what the Buddhists say
What the Buddhists do
Their livelihood
Focusing the mind on being completely aware of their thoughts
Completely aware of their actions
Developing wisdom
Understanding the Four Noble Truths
By developing compassion for others.
The 5 Precepts
The moral code within Buddhism is the precepts, of which the main five are:
Not to take the life of anything living
Not to take anything not freely given
To abstain from sexual misconduct and sensual overindulgence
To refrain from untrue speech
To avoid intoxication, that is, losing mindfulness.
Karma is the law that every cause has an effect. For example, everyone's actions have results.
This law explains a number of things like the inequality in the world, why some are born handicapped and some gifted, why some live only a short life.
Karma underlines the importance of all individuals being responsible for their past and present actions.
The way Buddhists test the karmic effect of their actions is by:
The intention behind the action
Effects of the action on oneself
The effects on others.
Compassion includes qualities of sharing, readiness to give comfort, sympathy, concern, and caring.
In Buddhism, Buddhists can really understand others, when they can really understand themselves, through wisdom.
Sacred Writings of Buddhism
Amount of people that practice Buddhism
Bagan is an ancient town in Myanmar that stands on the banks of the Irrawaddy River.
This ancient place was a collective result of the temples built by ancient Burmese kings.
The town has the largest area in the world dedicated to Buddhist temples numbering at around 4,000.
The majority of the temples at Bagan were erected in between the 10-12th century AD.
Buddhist Holy Places:
Borobudur It is located on the island of Java in Indonesia and is has some of the largest Buddhist temples in the world.
More than 2 million blocks of stone were used in the construction of the temples that took 75 years to complete.
The place dates back to the 8th century A.D. and they were mysteriously abandoned in the 14th century A.D.
A large volcanic explosion led to the destruction of the temple which was found buried under volcanic ash
Buddhist Holy Places:
Sanchi is the name of a small village in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
This place is well-known for its Stupas which are dome shaped structures erected as a Buddhist shrine which date back to the 3rd century A.D.
Hundreds of thousands of Buddhists and people from other faiths visit this small village every year.
The great Stupa at Sanchi is among the oldest architectural structures in India and built during the reign of Emperor Ashoka who was a devout follower of the Buddha.
It is considered as one among the eight holiest places for Buddhists.
Buddhist Holy Places:
Sravasti was one of ancient India’s largest cities, and also the place where the Buddha spent most of his monastic life.
It is believed that the Buddha spent as many as 25 years in this ancient city out of which he spent the maximum time serving at the monastery known as Jetavana.
Every year thousands of Buddhists come to this city to pay homage to the Buddha and his life.
Different sects of Buddhism are allowed to build their monasteries in the modern-day Sravasti as the place holds great importance to the Buddhists all over the world.
Buddhist Holy Places:
The Boudhanath stupa is a holy place of worship for Buddhists all over the world.
Located around 20 kms from the city of Kathmandu in Nepal, the Boudhanath stupa is one of the tallest Buddhist stupas.
Boudhanath is one of the holiest places for Buddhists in Nepal and the world, and it is also among the top tourist attractions of the country.
Buddhist Holy Places:
Swayambhunath is one of the holiest places for Buddhism outside of India, it is an ancient religious complex built on the top of a hill in the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal.
The complex consists of a stupa, known as the Swayambhunath stupa, and has many temples and shrines from different dates in history.
It is also home to a library and a Tibetan monastery.
Swayambhunath is one of the oldest Buddhist places of worship in Nepal and is believed to have been commissioned in the 5th century A.D.
The place holds religious followers of Hinduism, too, as thousands of Hindus visit this hallowed place annually.
Buddhist Holy Places:
Kusinara, which is known today as Kushinagar, is the place where the Buddha achieved parinirvana after his death.
Some of the ruins in this area date back to the 3rd century BC.
Buddhists believe that the Buddha chose this place as the place of his death for a variety of reasons.
This small town in the Kushinagar district in Uttar Pradesh is one of the holiest places of Buddhism.
Buddhist Holy Places:
Sarnath is the place where the Buddha delivered his first sermon.
The Sarnath village is around 15 kilometers from the Hindu holy city of Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India.
This place was mentioned by the Buddha himself as one of the four holy places for pilgrimage for the Buddhists.
The Turk invasion laid waste to most of the structures at Sarnath; only ruins of several stupas and temples stand here.
The Sarnath Museum located here houses the famous lion pillar erected by Emperor Ashoka which India adopted as its National Emblem.
Buddhist Holy Places:
Lumbini is the birth place of the Buddha.
It is one of the four main places of pilgrimage for Buddhists all over the world.
Located in Rupahdehi district in Nepal, Lumbini is the place where the Buddha spent the first 29 years of his life.
The current day Lumbini is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997.
It is visited by thousands of Buddhist pilgrims every year and is among the most visited places in Nepal.
Buddhist Holy Places:
Bohd Gaya
Bodh Gaya is famously known as the place where the Buddha received his enlightenment.
It is in the Gaya district in Bihar, India and is home to the Mahabodhi Temple, the Diamond Throne and the Bodhi Tree. The Bodhi tree was the tree under which the Buddha meditated and realized nirvana.
Emperor Ashoka is said to have laid the foundations of the temple around 250 years after the enlightenment of the Buddha.
The city was forgotten and buried under ruins until it was excavated in the 19th century AD by the British.
Buddhist Religious Symbols
The lotus, the Wheel of the Law, the Bodhi tree and the Buddha's footprints.
Estimates vary between 200-500 million adherents
The generally agreed number of Buddhists is estimated at around 350 million (6% of the world's population).
This makes Buddhism the world's fourth largest (in terms of number of adherents) religion.
Buddhism teaches that wisdom should be developed with compassion.
Buddhism uses the middle path to develop both, being a goodhearted fool and being able to attain knowledge without any emotion.
The highest wisdom is seeing that in reality, all things are incomplete, impermanent and do no constitute a fixed individual.
Buddhists believe true wisdom is not just believing what you are told but instead experiencing and understanding truth and reality.
Wisdom requires an open, objective, and being open-minded.
The Buddhist path requires courage, patience, flexibility and intelligence.
Non-Theistic Religion

Where Buddhism is Practiced
Today, Buddhism is found in:
Sri Lanka
Some parts of India
European countries
It is believed that the Buddhist population of the world is over 500 million.

The Tipitaka, also commonly known as the Pali Buddhist canon:
This canon, or minor variations of it, was utilized primarily by early Buddhists, active in India and Sri Lanka. Presently, it is still revered by Theravada Buddhists throughout the world. The Tipitaka, written in Pali, was the first canon to have been compiled historically. It is also the only Buddhist canon to survive in an Indian language. However, it only contains scriptures relating to the early Buddhist tradition.

The Dazangjing, also commonly referred to as the Chinese Buddhist canon:
This canon is mainly representative of Buddhist scriptures brought to China and then transmitted to Korea and Japan. The canon is composed in the Chinese language and has been expanded and republished numerous times in history. Scriptures from all three divisions of Buddhism may be found in this collection. The standard and most commonly used edition of the Dazangjing is called the Taisho Shinshu Daizokyo.

The Tibetan Buddhist canon:
This canon mainly characterizes the Buddhist texts brought to Tibet throughout history. It is composed in the Tibetan language. Like its Chinese counterpart, the Tibetan canon contains scriptures from all three divisions of Buddhism.
Unlike the Dazangjing, which has one commonly used edition, there does not seem to be any main edition of the Tibetan Buddhist canon. Two of the most commonly used editions of the Tibetan canon are the Beijing edition and the Dege edition.

A Tipitaka library in Nakhonpathom, Thailand
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