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Perception and Communication

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Rebecca Reams

on 25 February 2015

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Transcript of Perception and Communication

Perception and Communication
Perception is how we make sense of the world.
What influences our
perceptions?

To make us better communicators:
1. Selection of Stimuli
2. Organization of Stimuli
3. Interpretation of Stimuli
Physiology

People differ in sensory abilities and physiology.
Culture
A system of beliefs, values, understandings, practices, and ways of interpreting experience that are shared by a number of people.

Social Roles
Some messages tell us what roles we are expected to fulfill, as well as the actual demands of those roles.

Cognitive Abilities
How elaborately we think about situations and people.

Recognize that perceptions are subjective!
Never assume you understand.
Try to distinguish between facts and inferences.
Perception:
The active process of selecting
organizing, and interpreting people, objects, events, situations and activities.
Check perceptions with others.
Remember you have your own bias.

INTENSE EXTERNAL QUALITIES
repetition, repetition, repetition
change or variation
our motives, needs, and expectations

Selection of what we perceive influenced by:
Knowledge structures that define the best or most representative example of some category.

Prototypes

Mental yardsticks that allow us to position people and situations along dimensions of judgment



Personal Constructs

Predictive generalizations about people and situations

Stereotypes

Guides to action based on what we have experienced and observed .



Scripts

The subjective process of explaining perceptions to assign meaning to them.

This is how we decide what is meaningful.
Who fits a prototype for a?
That man is good at fixing computers.
All men are good at fixing computers.
How are you?

Good.
Good. How are you?
Attribution Theory

Internal Attribution
External Attribution
Self-Serving Bias
We tend to construct perceptions that serve our interests.
Standpoint Theory
Different cultures have different degrees of social status and privilege, therefore different perceptions.
Concerned with how individuals interpret events and how this relates to their thinking and behavior.
Me:
You:
Me:
"the schemata"
pro athlete
good teacher
great public speaker
friend
Perception
Communication
An ongoing cycle of influence.
We communicate based on how we perceive.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

student
woman
botanist
waste management
3 abilities:
1. Cognitive complexity
2. Person-centered perception
3. Empathy
Tendencies in Perception
1. We attribute reasons to events
(intrinsically and extrinsically).
2. We use self-serving bias.
3. We cling to fist impressions.
4. We assume others are similar.
Journal 3
Review your notes on Verbal Communication, Nonverbal Communication and Perception.
Pick one interesting concept for EACH of the three subjects and answering the following questions:
1. How would you explain the concept in your own words?
2. Why is this concept interesting to you?
3. How can you relate this concept into your own life?
Do this for all 3 concepts you choose.
Full transcript