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Emma Kersten

on 21 May 2015

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Transcript of Soccer

The History of Soccer
Where It All Started
When and where exactly did soccer start is a question that has no precise answer to it. The idea of playing with a ball throwing it around and kicking it has been around for centuries. You could easily say that this popular game has been played for more than a thousand years.
Where It All Started
In 1863 in England, is when rugby football and association football decided to branch off on their different courses.
Firmly establishing the foundation of soccer is 1869, the football association strictly banned any kind of handling the ball. Soccer's Popularity spread rapidly during the 1800s as British sailors, traders, and soldiers introduced the sport to different parts of the globe.
Laws Of Soccer
Today, there are 17 Laws of the Game that determine everything from the size of the pitch or playing field, to proper attire for soccer players, to number of players per side and the length of the game.

Basic rules
First, the rule for a handball includes using any part of the body form the tips of the fingers to the shoulders. The proper way to look at this rule is that a player cannot “handle” the ball. Say that the ball is kicked and hits a player’s hand or arm is not a handball. The referee must judge whether or not a handball in accidental contact or the player handled the ball or purpose to gain an advantage. There is also a situation in which the goalie cannot use their hands. This is most commonly referred to as the back pass rule. This means that the goalkeeper cannot pick up a direct pass form their teammates, they must use their feet. If the goalie does pick up the ball it will result in an indirect kick from where he/she touched it.
The No Hands rule
Basic Rules
A throw-in is taken when the ball crosses a sideline and leaves the field. The two basic soccer rules for a proper throw-in are to have both feet on the ground and to throw the ball with both hands over the head.
Basic Rules
Corner Kicks & Goal Kicks
A corner kick or goal kick is taken when the ball leaves the field across the goal line – the end of the field. If the offensive team kicks it out, play is restarted with a goal kick. If the defensive team kicks it out, play is restarted with a corner kick. The goal kick is taken from anywhere inside the “goal area box”. It can be taken by any player. The ball must leave the “Penalty Area” before anyone can touch the ball. If the ball does not leave the Penalty Area then the kick must retake. The corner kick is taken from the corner nearest to where the ball left the field.
Basic Rules
The common rule of thumb on fouls is “If it looks like a foul, it probably is.” A player cannot kick, trip, jump at, charge, strike, push, hold, or spit at an opponent. Bumping, leaning or going shoulder-to-shoulder while competing for a ball is not a foul until the hands or elbows come up.
Basic Rules
Direct and indirect kicks
Basic Rules
Penalty kicks
A penalty kick results from a contact foul or hand ball by the defending team within the penalty area the large box on either end of the field. So it’s a type of direct kick also. The ball is placed on the penalty spot, in front of the center of the goal. All players must remain outside the penalty area and the penalty arc until the ball is kicked. The goalkeeper must have both feet on the goal line until the ball is kicked. If after the ball is kicked, it rebounds off of the goal or the keeper and stays on the field, the ball is “live” and anyone can play it.
Basic Rules
Two-Touch Rule
A player cannot touch the ball twice in a row when putting the ball in play. You will see this called many times in youth soccer. It applies everywhere. You will see it frequently on kick-offs or direct and indirect kicks. If a player barely hits the ball and decides to take another kick at it, that is a two-touch. This also applies to throw-ins. A player cannot throw the ball in and then kick it.A player cannot touch the ball twice in a row when putting the ball in play. You will see this called many times in youth soccer. It applies everywhere. You will see it frequently on kick-offs or direct and indirect kicks. If a player barely hits the ball and decides to take another kick at it, that is a two-touch. This also applies to throw-ins. A player cannot throw the ball in and then kick it.
Basic Rules
You cannot be offside on a corner kick, goal kick, or throw-in. Also, it is not an offense for a player to be in an offside position. The player must be involved in active play as determined by the referee to be called offside.
A player is in an offside position if: he is nearer to his opponents’ goal line than both the ball and the second last opponent.
The simple difference between the two is this: On a direct kick you can score by kicking the ball directly into the goal. On an indirect kick you cannot score. An indirect kick must be touched by another player before it can go into the goal – that is the kicker and a second person. You can tell whether the kick is direct or indirect by looking at the referee. For an indirect kick, the referee will hold one arm straight up in the air until the second person touches the ball. No arm up or pointing towards the goal, it’s a direct kick. In general, a direct kick comes from a contact foul or hand ball. Everything else is indirect.
Basic Rules
No Hands Rule
Basic Rules
Basic Throw-in
Basic Rules
Corner Kicks
Basic Rules
Goal Kicks
Basic Rules
Basic Rules
Penalty Kicks
Basic Rules
Offside rule

Basic Rules
Basic Rules
Basic Rules
Basic Rules
Penalty shoot-out

Basic Rules
Corner kicks
Soccer has many different positions and many different names that come along with them. Each player position has his own very specific task, from defending against opponent attacks to scoring. To simplify, we will categorize the football positions into four: the goalkeeper, defenders, midfielders, and forwards.
The goalkeeper is simply known as the guy with gloves who keeps the opponents from scoring. He has a special position because only him can play the ball with his hands (provided that he is inside his own penalty area and the ball was not deliberately passed to him by a team mate). The goalie has four main roles: saving, clearing, directing the defense, and distributing the ball. Saving is the act of preventing the ball from entering the net while clearing means keeping the ball far from the goal area.
Defenders; Center Back
In a four-player defense, the center-backs are the two defenders in the middle. A center back must be strong, fearless, and good at timing tackles. Being tall is an advantage for a center-back as it allows him to win the ball in the air, an essential skill in corner kick situations.
A full-back is a defender positioned on the side. They are either classified as left back (LB) or right back (RB). The defenders positioned between them are called center backs. The full-back is tasked to prevent opponents from attacking on the sides. He must be quick and must be able to prevent opponents from making a cross. He is often assigned to mark the opposing winger.
A wing-back is a full-back that advances up to the opponent’s goal end. He runs the whole length of the football pitch: he defends the flanks like a dedicated full-back and attacks like a winger. This is the most physically demanding position on the field.
A sweeper is located at the back of the defensive line, just in front of the keeper. A sweeper’s task is to clear the ball in case it breaks through the defenders. He does not man-mark an opponent so he can collect loose balls or go up field to bring the ball forward in attack.
Equipment needed to play the sport is very simple but can be expensive if you are picky. All you need is a pair of cleats, a ball, socks and shin guards.
Defending Midfielder
A defending or holding midfielder is stationed just in front of the defensive line. His responsibility is to prevent the ball from reaching the defensive line. He must be skilled at intercepting passes, tackling the ball, and positioning themselves strategically.
Central Midfielder

A central midfielder is stationed at the center of the field. If he plays both offense and defense, he is called a box-to-box midfielder. The name implies that he runs from his own penalty box to the opponent’s to fulfill different roles. A box-to-box midfielder does the following: create opportunities for the striker and stop the opponent’s attacks. Stamina, technical ability, and relentless hard-work are the attributes of this type of midfielder.
Attacking Midfielder
The attacking midfielder is an advanced midfield player who is primarily inclined to attack. He must have excellent ball control abilities and tactical awareness. A play maker occupies the same position as an attacking midfielder but performs a different role.
This guy is considered the brain of the team, the most skilled player who orchestrates the attack and distributes the ball. A play maker must be good in decision-making and as the football saying goes: when you don’t know what to do with the ball, you pass it to him.
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