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Civil Rights Organisations - CORE and SNCC
Transcript of Civil Rights Organisations - CORE and SNCC
Losses: Loss of life was, unfortunately, a prominent feature. Several people perished for the cause and others were attacked by gangs or mobs. Homes and establishments were vandalised, some even resorting to burning such buildings. Overview SNCC stands for the student* non-violent
coordinating committee. It is an American civil rights organisation that started as a small student-only group and grew larger over the years. The SNCC also played a major role in the sit-ins and freedom rides (previously mentioned.) SNCC's major contribution was in its field work and it organised drives all over the south. Founding The organisation began in April 1960. It
emerged from a series of student meetings
held by a woman named Ella Baker. She
originally held the meetings at Shaw University
in North California. The group grew significantly
larger and began to have an impact as the years
passed. Meetings and attendance Originally, the organisation consisted
purely of a group of university students.
However, as the organisation began to
grow more and more people joined. Full time
workers were paid $10 a week. Most of the
workers were part-time volunteers. SNCC's impact on the civil
rights movement Overall, the SNCC had a positive impact on the civil rights movement. SNCC attracted a large amount of young people who were dissatisfired with the current system. SNCC played a very important role in the organisation of the March on Washington, as did CORE. As I have mentioned previously, the March on Washington was of the utmost importance to African Americans both at the time and in the present day. The SNCC also organised Freedom Summer along with CORE. This was aimed principally at ending the policitcal disenfranchisement of African Americans in the Deep South. The Freedom schools I have previously mentioned were also set up by SNCC. These schools encouraged people to learn about black history and to take part in the Civil Rights movement. The SNCC also played a key role in the organisation of the sit -ins, events which drew national attention to the cause. Overall, it created publicity for the cause and gradually convinced people to take their ideas on board, one step at a time. However, the organisation slowly became more radical, changed its name from non-violent to national and became detached and alienated from the mainstream of the movement. A group of black and white
men took busses interstate
to the Deep South, the white
men sitting at the back and
the black men sitting at the
front to test the Supreme
Court ruling that declared
segregation in interstate
travel was unconsitutional. The group's overall impact In the beginning, SNCC managed to gain a large amount of publicity for the cause. They set up many schools and assisted in the organisation of several peaceful protests. Increasing numbers of people, especially younger men and women, began to join. However, as time passed by, the group became increasingly violent and detached themselves from the main body of the movement. The group's influence on the movement slowly began to decrease as this occurred. Overall, the group's impact on the civil rights movement was major mainly due to its organisation of events. Losses and gains - summary Gains: Publicity was one of the most important gains of the organisation. National press reported on many of the events the SNCC had helped to organise, gaining attention for the cause and attempting to give African-Americans the chances that white people had. Many young people also joined, giving hope for the next generation.
Losses: Like any of these organisations, participation was risky. Mobs attacked people on the freedom rides and at freedom schools, and those in the group did everything at great personal risk. The way the organisation became increasingly violent and less prominent was also a loss. *Student in this case refers to a University student We affirm the philosophical or religious ideal of nonviolence as the foundation of our purpose, the presupposition of our belief, and the manner of our action. SCNN's founding statement Bibliography www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/index.html http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/488122/Congress-of-Racial-Equality-CORE en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Student_Nonviolent_Coordinating_Committee en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congress_of_Racial_Equality CORE's involvement in the freedome rides Therefore the combination of these blacks who were already resisting, and the Irene Morgan Decision, which gave blacks the right to resist segregation, particularly in interstate travel, we in CORE decided immediately following the Morgan decision that the next year, 1947, we were going to create a nationwide protest with nine blacks and nine whites who would go into buses all over the upper south with blacks sitting in the front and the whites sitting in the back to challenge this. http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/6909