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Copy of Freud's Psychosexual Stages

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by

John Keller

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Freud's Psychosexual Stages

Freud's Psychosexual Stages
Psychosexual stages help develop the id, ego and superego
There are stages where the child fixates on a specific body part – the psychic energy focuses
If there is anxiety or trauma in one of the stages, we see a set of problems occurring
Psychosexual Stages
Think about what the most important thing is in each of these periods of time:
Birth – 2 years old
2-3 years old
4-5 years old
6 years old – puberty
Puberty and above
Stages
Freud believed the following were important:
Birth – 2 years old – breastfeeding/getting nutrients
2-3 years old – potty training
4-5 years old – learning about the body
6 years old – puberty – making friends/being educated
Puberty and above – finding a mate/having sex
Stages
Birth-2 years old
Key experience: breastfeeding
Driven by: id
Babies chew and suck
Main lesson: delayed gratification (things don’t come as soon as we want them!)
Anxiety or trauma:
Oral fixation=need to have something in the mouth (smoking, nail biting, overeating, alcoholism)
Frustration during teething = aggressive traits such as sarcasm or cynicism
Oral Stage
Anal Stage
2 years-3 years old
Key experience: toilet training
Driven by: id, ego coming in slowly
Main lesson: delayed gratification (have to hold it in until it's safe to go to the toilet)
Anxiety or trauma:
Anal fixation
Anal retentive (excessively clean, organised, hoarding, stubborn, stingy)
Anal expulsive (untidiness, impulsivity, destructiveness, cruelty)
Phallic Stage
3 years - 6 years old
Key experience: Oedipus and Electra Complex
Driven by: id and ego, developing Superego
Main lesson: learning to be moralistic; learning not to follow feelings all the time
Anxiety or trauma:
Boys:
Envious, jealous, aggressive
Girls:
Overly sexual
Latency Stage
6 years-puberty
Key experience: nothing really going on - about making friends with people of the same sex
Driven by: id, ego and superego (still developing)
Main lesson: make friends, go to school
Anxiety or trauma:
No specific anxiety or trauma in this stage
Issues from previous traits become solidified into personality traits here
Genital Stage
Puberty and above
Key experience: social and sexual relationships with others
Driven by: id, ego and superego as developed as they will ever get
Main lesson: no lesson, personality is fully developed
Anxiety or trauma:
Anxieties or traumas from previous stages will dictate how the person will interact with others
Oedipus and Electra Complexes
Oedipus Complex:
Son becomes jealous of father being able to have sex with the mother
Wants to kill the father and marry the mother (much like Sophocles' King Oedipus)
Electra Complex:
Daughter is jealous that the mother gets to have sex with the father
Activity: Case Studies
You are a psychoanalytic psychologist. The following are descriptions of patients that you have. Identify if they have any
Caroline
Caroline is 22 years old. She is studying at university and her roommate complains that she is extremely messy. Caroline goes out every weekend to party, and she always brings a (different) man home. Caroline is described as kind and sweet, if a little ‘sleazy’ by her friends. Caroline has been sent to you because she has started failing her assignments, and the university is concerned that she may be suffering from a psychological problem that is causing her poor results. When asked why she is failing, she replies that none of her tutors care if she passes, and no one else tries, so why should she.

Joseph
Joseph is described as logical and practical. His girlfriend Suzy often complains that he is never spontaneous, and needs to plan everything in advance. Joseph has smoked cigarettes since he was 17 years old. Recently, he has started drinking a lot. Suzy has come to you worried that that he is becoming an alcoholic. She is also upset because Joseph has started being aggressive towards her, especially when he has a bad day at work.

Jerry
Jerry is described as funny and outgoing. People generally like to go out with him; however he often pushes away his close friends by being demanding and bad-tempered. He has been told by his friends that he is childish. Jerry has very brief relationships with women, which usually end when he becomes excessively jealous. He tries to control what his girlfriend’s wear and who they see. Jerry has come to see you because he is feeling depressed due to his lack of close friends.

Isabelle
Isabelle is a school teacher. She is very strict with her students and does not have many friends at work or in her personal life. Isabelle keeps her work area neat, and tends to become grumpy when other teachers leave the staffroom messy. She often feels guilty when her students do not perform well. Other teachers become frustrated with her because, even when her students perform very well, she complains and never feels proud. Isabelle refuses to break the rules for any situation, and sticks strongly to the school policies and the law. When in therapy, if you ask her specific questions such as “did you enjoy going to the park?” she is able to respond yes; however when you ask her to describe growing up with her family she just shrugs and responds that she doesn’t really remember.
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