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Dogs

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Lilli Khanji

on 24 June 2015

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Transcript of Dogs

The Domestication of the Dog
By: Katie Furtado, Selena Nguyen, and Lilli Khanji
The Domestication of Dogs
Evolution of Dogs
Different breeds
Role in Society
Celebrity Dogs
Dog Shows
Video
Dogs have multiple roles in society. They are used for hunting, guarding, and herding livestock. And they also have more important roles such as being detection dogs, utility dogs, assisting dogs, hearing dogs, and psychological therapy dogs. They fit into a wide range of societies, they can be used by farmers, police men, bomb squad, and psychologist. But their most important job will remain to be "man's best friend".
A celebrity is a well known individual. Many individuals have tendency to idealize and follow the actions of celebrities. One such celebrity is Great Britain's majesty, Queen Elizabeth Alexandra Mary. The Queen has two corgi's named Holly and Willow, and she also has two Dorgis which is a cross of a dachshund and a corgi, they go by the name of Candy and Valcun. The paparazzi have popularized the puppies making the corgis icons of Great Britain.
The dog show started in 1877 when one of the members in this group decided to create a dog show so they could compare their dogs in a settling way.
Domestic dogs evolved from a group of wolves that came into contact with European hunter-gatherers between 18,800 and 32,100 years ago. Dogs were domesticated around 10,000 years ago during the Agricultural Revolution, when wolves started scavenging human scrap heaps. Wolves and dogs split 32,000 years ago, somewhere in East Asia. Dogs and wolves diverged so recently that many of their genes have not had time to separate into distinct lineages. To deal with these problems, a team from the University of Turku in Finland analyzed mitochondrial DNA from 18 fossil canids. They compared these ancient sequences to those from 49 modern wolves and 77 modern dogs, and built a family tree that charts their relationships. According to this new tree, the largest clad of domestic dogs last shared a common ancestor 18,800 years ago, and collectively, they last shared a common ancestor with a wolf around 32,100 years ago. They must have been domesticated at some point during this window. These molecular dates fit with fossil evidence. The oldest dog fossils come from Western Europe and Siberia, and are thought to be at least 15,000 years old. By contrast, those from the Middle East and East Asia are believed to be 13,000 years old, at most.
Social Media is defined as websites that enable the user to create and share content to the general public. In modern times today social media sites of twitter and Instagram are utilized by pet owners to show their dogs to the public. This is significant as it explains how the dog has evolved from a hunter to now a house pet. When the dog was domesticated originally its sole purpose was to help humans hunt for food as a necessity, as well as provide protection. Now dogs are primarily kept for an individuals company as a companion. With owners having great affection towards their dog, it impacts them to share their animals with the world. A few Instagram pages of just dogs include, aquacorg, corgistagram, and Thedogist and a few twitter pages include @OhMyCorgi,@TheCutestCorgis, @iLovePupsDaily.
Impact on Social Media
"Westminster gets its name from a long gone hotel in Manhattan. There, sporting gentlemen used to meet in the bar to drink and lie about their shooting accomplishments. Eventually they formed a club and bought a training area and kennel. They kept their dogs there and hired a trainer.

"They couldn't agree on the name for their new club. But finally someone suggested that they name it after their favorite bar. The idea was unanimously selected, we imagine, with the hoisting of a dozen drinking arms."

-- Maxwell Riddle, from a newspaper story quoted in
"The Dog Show, 125 Years of Westminster" by William Stifel
The dog is a domesticated carnivorous mammal that has a long snout, an acute sense of smell, and a barking, howling, or whining voice. It is widely kept as a pet or for work or field sports. Dogs were the first species humans domesticated, and ever since their domestication, dogs have impacted societies in numerous ways, and have influenced humanity in almost every aspect.
Proving our Thesis
The Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) is the world governing body of dog breeds. The organization has recognized 340 different dog breeds existing today. Nations worldwide do not recognize this number and argue it, for example the American Kennel Club currently recognizes only 167 breeds. The number of dog breeds continues to rise due to the number of deliberately crossbreeding individuals. Examples of crossbreeding include the labradoodle ( a cross between a Labrador and a poodle), and the puggle (a cross between the pug and beagle).

"Dogs are constantly evolving as we're continually building variants of dog breeds," said Stanley Coren, author of "The Modern Dog" (Free Press, 2008)
Statistics: There is an estimated 70-80 million dogs owned in just the United States alone. Approximately 37-47% of all households have a dog in the United States.

Dogs in the modern day have been proven to be treated as members of the family. Owners of these species are willing to spend large sums of money to pay for veterinarian bills, toys, food and even clothing to keep their pups happy. Other animals such as geckos and ferrets aren't treated nearly as well as the dog is. Dogs provide human beings with unconditional love, which is why most people instantly love them and become best friends. People with different political and religious views have proven, willing to put their differences aside and help end a cruel event regarding the well being of the animal. The domestication of the dog has proven to drastically change the lives of human species forever.
Movies based on Dogs
Annotated Bibliography
"Westminster Kennel Club History - Overview of the History of the Club - WestminsterKennelClub.org." <i>Westminster Kennel Club History - Overview of the History of the Club - WestminsterKennelClub.org</i>. Web. 17 June 2015.
This website talks about how the Westminster Kennel Dog Show started in 1877.

"Pets in Society Overall Benefits." <i>Overall Benefits</i>. Jan. 2015. Web. 17 June 2015.
Talks about benefits of having a dog. Their psychological benefits, their contribution to the community, and their help for elderly.

"Domestic Dogs, Domestic Dog Pictures, Domestic Dog Facts - National Geographic." National Geographic. Web. 1 June 2015.
This website describes the domestication of dogs. The website illustrates how dogs still share many behaviors with their wild relatives. The behavior of dogs and their nutrition is also described briefly.

By Brian Hare and Vanessa Woods, for National Geographic News PUBLISHED March 03, 2013. "We Didn't Domesticate Dogs. They Domesticated Us." National Geographic. National Geographic Society. Web. 3 June 2015.
This website describes the influence dogs have on humans, including information from prehistoric times. It describes that humans were once dependent on dogs for hunting and gathering food sources. It later describes how dogs became pets, and how dogs became a man's best friend.

Yong, Ed. "Origin of Domestic Dogs." The Scientist, 14 Nov. 2013. Web. 5 June 2015.
This website describes the origin of Domestic Dogs. It describes that domestic dogs evolved from a group of wolves that came into contact with European hunter-gatherers. These early European hunter-gatherers used the dog as a way for scavenging for food.
101 Dalmatians
Hotel For Dogs
Marley and Me
Scooby-Doo
Super Buddies
The Shaggy Dog
This video describes the history of dogs and how it had evolved from wolves. It demonstrates how humans have adapted to dogs and used them to protect themselves and to help them find food in the wild.
#StopYulin2015
There is a current petition, to help put an end to the dog slaughter. This petition has signers worldwide even including citizens in china. By humans creating a petition it shows how much important the dog is to us. The image of the dog paw along side the human fist demonstrates the significance in the reliance of each other. Dogs shouldn't be tortured by the species they obey, love, and care for its our responsibility to stop the cruel people of the world. People are extremely hurt by Yulin and are working together as in alliance to end this event.
Early Child literature
Books are an essential role in the development of young peoples minds. They allow the reader to think creatively and understand the language. Many stories utilize dogs as the main character. Dogs are loving and adorable to young children, so by using the dog as a character, children learn how dogs are friendly creatures. Children then grow up with positive associations to the dog. Examples of children books utilizing the animal include, Go. Dog. Go!, DOGS, and Where's Spot?.
THESIS: Since the dawn of humanity, dogs have been proven to help humans physically and emotionally. With their strong senses, dogs were able to help protect hunter- gatherers since their domestication. The domestication of the dog species has proven to be the most influential to humans, as they provide loyalty, love, and security.
Dog Senses
A dog interprets the world predominantly by smell, whereas a human interprets it by sight. While a dog's brain is only one-tenth the size of a human brain, the part that controls smell is 40 times larger than in humans.

Dogs can see best at dusk and dawn. Their low-light vision is much better than a human’s, but their overall vision is not better. Dogs can recognize objects better when they are moving.

Puppies are born deaf and cannot hear until they are about 21 days old. During this time they rely solely on scent to interpret their world. By the time their sense of hearing is completely developed, they can hear about 4 times the distance of a human who has normal hearing. Dogs can hear higher pitched sounds that humans cannot hear.

Because of their advantageous senses, dogs prove to be great hunters. Their smell allow them to detect animals from miles away, and the fact that they can see in low-light vision helps them see animals, thus proving that they are great hunters. Their sense of hearing is greatly used for spotting animals, thus allowing hunters to easily find animals to hunt.
Dogs and Hunting
Because of their senses, dogs prove to be the best at hunting. The dog species have 40 times better smelling
A dog interprets the world predominantly by smell, whereas a human interprets it by sight. While a dog's brain is only one-tenth the size of a human brain, the part that controls smell is 40 times larger than in humans.

Dogs can see best at dusk and dawn. Their low-light vision is much better than a human’s, but their overall vision is not better. Dogs can recognize objects better when they are moving.

Puppies are born deaf and cannot hear until they are about 21 days old. During this time they rely solely on scent to interpret their world. By the time their sense of hearing is completely developed, they can hear about 4 times the distance of a human who has normal hearing. Dogs can hear higher pitched sounds that humans cannot hear.

Thank You!!
Intelligence
The domestic dog has a predisposition to exhibit a social intelligence that is uncommon in the animal world. Dogs are capable of learning in a number of ways, such as through simple reinforcement and by observation. Puppies learn behaviors quickly by following examples set by experienced dogs. Dogs can also learn by mimicking human behaviors. In one study, puppies were presented with a box, and shown that, when a handler pressed a lever, a ball would roll out of the box. The handler then allowed the puppy to play with the ball, making it an intrinsic reward. The pups were then allowed to interact with the box. Roughly three quarters of the puppies subsequently touched the lever, and over half successfully released the ball, compared to only 6% in a control group that did not watch the human manipulate the lever.
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