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RBT Module 26

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by

Michael Cameron

on 18 June 2015

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Transcript of RBT Module 26

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Overview
Task Analysis
and Chaining
A Resource
Registered Behavior Technician
Module 26
Instructor:

Dr. Michael Cameron
Module Goals

Registered Behavior Technician Module:
C-06 (Skill Acquisition)
Title:

Implement Task Analyzed Chaining Procedures
Duration:

60 Minutes
Assessment:

Competency based quiz (5 questions)

Demonstration Recommendations:

At the conclusion of this training,
Ask
your BCBA supervisor to show you a copy of a task analysis they have completed,
Review
the task analysis, and then
demonstrate
your ability to teach a skill using the structure
Define Task Analysis
Define Chaining
Provide an example of a task Analysis

Discuss forward chaining and backward chaining
Discuss Total Task Chaining
Task Analysis is the process of breaking a skill down into smaller, more manageable components. Once a task analysis is complete, it can be used to teach learners a skill that is too challenging to teach all at once. Other practices, such as discrete trial training and video modeling can be used to teach the individual components, building upon one another, until the skill is complete
A behavior chain is a specific sequence of discrete
responses, each associated with a specific stimulus condition. Each response (except the first and the last)
serve a dual function. Specifically, each response serves as a conditioned reinforcer for the preceding response and as a discriminative stimulus for the subsequent response
Backward Chaining
Backward Chaining:
A teaching procedure
which a trainer completes all but the last
behavior in a chain, which is performed by
the learner, who then receives reinforcment
for competing the chain. When the learner
shows competence in performing the final
step in the chain, the trainer performs all
but the last two behaviors in the chain, the
learner emits the final two steps to
complete the chain, and reinforcement is
delivered. This sequence is continued until
the learner completes the entire chain
independently.
Embedded
Instruction
Forward Chaining
Total Task Chaining
Foward Chaining:
A method for teaching
behavior chains that begins with the
learner being prompted and taught to
perform the first behavior in the task
analysis; the trainer completes the
remaining steps in the chain. When the
learner shows competence in performing
the first step in the chain, she is then
taught to perform the first two behaviors in
the chain, with the trainer completing the
chain. This process is continued until the
learner completes the entire chain
independently.
1st
2nd
Total-Task Chaining:
A
variation of forward
chaining in which the
learner receives training
on each behavior in the
chain during each
session.
Sample Data Sheet
Questions
Answers
True or False. The discrete trail training format can be used in
combination with a task analysis.
True. Isolated skills can be taught via discrete trail training
(e.g., taking the cap off a tube of toothpaste)
True or False. The task analysis format is often used to guide our own behavior (e.g., following a recipe)
True
A method of teaching a skill that involves instructing the learner how to complete the last step as the initial part of instruction.
Backward Chaining
A method of teaching a skill that involves instructing the learner to complete just the first step as the initial part of instruction.
Forward Chaining
A method of teaching a skill that involves teaching all steps in sequence.
Total-Task Chaining
Full transcript