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causes of world war 1
Transcript of causes of world war 1
Mutual defense alliances.
Domestic political factors
Assassination of Archduke Franz Fernidad
events of world war 1
1914: Russia mobilizes, Germans fire,war begins
1915: first tanks used, Lusitania sinks, Italy declares war
1917: U.S enters war, Russian revolution begins,
Germany declares unrestricted sub warfare.
1918: red baron shot down, second battle of Marne
Archduke Franz Fernidad
Imperialism helped push the world into WW1 because before the war Africa and parts of Asia were points of contention amongst European countries, especially because of the raw materials these areas could provide. It increased competition and the desire for greater empires which led to confrontation.
1919: the Treaty of Versailles signed
When a country increases their power and wealth by bringing additional territories under their control.
Countries throughout Europe made defense agreements so basically if one country gets attacked the allied countries were going to defend them
Alliances before WW1
Russia and Serbia
Germany and Austria-Hungary
France and Russia
Britain and France and Belgium
Japan and Britain
So when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia got involved. Germany seeing Russia mobilizing, declared war on Russia. France was then drawn in against Germany and Austria-Hungary. Germany attacked France through Belgium pulling Britain into war. Then Japan entered the war. Later, Italy and the United States would enter on the side of the allies.
The war begins
After all the pieces the pieces where in place the world was on brink of war and all it would take was a spark. one piece would be the network of alliances another would be the massive amounts of imperialism being used but there are more reasons, the spark was the assassination of Ferdinand which lead to the series of movement and declarations of war, and so starts the First World War.
the Mobilization of army's
After the events of the assassination of the arch duke Germany mobilizes and invades France from Belgium which was neutral during the war while also declaring war on Russia.As you could Germany ends up firing the first shots. The invasion was designed to defeat France quickly. after Britain heard about it they declared war on Germany. each event lead to another with another country declaring war.
Serbian nationalist assassinated him and his wife while they were in Sarajevo. This assassination led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia. When Russia began to mobilize due to its alliance with Serbia, Germany declared war on Russia, so this is where the expansion of the war to include all those involved in the mutual defense alliances began.
Great Britain and Germany both greatly increased their military buildup and the military establishment began to have a greater influence on public policy which helped push the countries involved to war.
these are only some of the events
Much of the origin of the war was based on the desire of Slavic people in Bosnia and Herzegovina to no longer be part of Austria instead of Serbia which led to war. The nationalism of the various countries throughout Europe contributed not only to the beginning but the extension of the war in Europe. Each country tried to prove their dominance and power.
Tanks were invented by the British to help end the war but the higher ups in the ranks refused to use them and instead used Calvary but in the mud proved useless. so they used them. since they were new the where unreliable mostly. but it did shed light on the horrors of trench warfare and gave the battles some movement. With the tracks the tanks could move 4 mph and turn sharply also could cross 8 feet gaps. It also came with two machine guns and 1 artillery piece
Italy declares war
Italy was in the triple alliance at first and stayed out the first year saying that their alliance was defensive in nature and Austria's aggression did not obligate them to join. during this time Italy had a rivalry with Austria and so the Allied diplomats convinced Italy to switch to the side of the Allied forces and so Italy declared war on Austria
At this point in time, Germany declared they would sink ships they thought was carrying ammunition for the war. The Lusitania was a British ocean liner and was carrying 1,900 passengers at the time heading toward Ireland. The ship was spotted and sunk by a German U-boat. 1,100 of the passengers died of that included 120 Americans. After this America was outraged at this event and changed public opinion of Germany. this would later bring the U.S into the war.
U.S Enters war
Wilson kept trying to keep us out of the war. during this time there were propaganda that was pro british because of our historical ties, there were also pro german but weren't as powerful. The U.S didn't trust Germany because of their policy's. Then the Ships the Lusitania and Sussex both carrying U.S civilians were sunk by U-boats which out raged the U.S and then later the U.S found out about Germany trying to get japan and Mexico to attack us. At that point we couldn't stay out any longer and declared war on Germany.
When Russia entered they were ill equipped for a long drawn out war especially when their economic, political or social state was not at a all time high. Their government said there will be reform which didn't really happen. The Tsar at the time was not equipped to lead during this time and ignored events like when hungry workers were shot and also when striking miners were machine gunned down. after varies events that happened Russia government changed to a more Provisional one but still was involved in the war.
Unrestricted sub warfare
Germany had this policy were they could sink any ship that was believed to be carry supplies for the war they sunk ships left and right like the Lusitania and Sussex. After the events U.S told Germany to stop these attacks and for a short period they did. Then they realized that if we got involved that they would lose and decided to invoke the sub warfare, cut ties with the U.S and try to get Mexico and Japan involved these lead to Germany's demise.
Red Baron shot down
During the war a Flying Ace on the Germans side named Richthofen was terrorizing the sky as the best pilot and destroying records on both side of the front. in 1918 he had 80 victory's under his belt or in other words shot down 80 pilots.At the time of his death he was in enemy territory in pursuit of British aircraft. there a two accounts on how he died one says that he flew to low and was shot through the chest by a Austrian gunner and the other is that he got shot down by a Canadian pilot in the royal air force. the British find his body either way and bury him with full honors.
Second battle of Marne
this battle would be the last major German offensive. during this battle the Germans kept trying to gain ground but failed over and over and in fact lost ground. by the end of the battle the germans suffered 168,000 casualty's while the allied forces suffered about 120,000 casualty's. After this battle it was clear that Germany had lost the war
Treaty of Versailles
this officially ended the war between the allied powers and Germany although there was a armistice in place that agreed to stop fighting. the meeting to make the treaty took 6 months to end. after the treaty the league of nations was formed to stop wars like this from happening again. But fail later on and WW2 began.