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Copy of Introductions

The basic parts of an introduction
by

John Staber

on 28 November 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Introductions

Attention-getter
The first sentence of any introduction.
Only mentions general topic that will be discussed in the essay later on.
Purpose is to make the reader want to read further.
Thesis
The main idea of any paper. The thesis is the last sentence of an intro and is the most specific. A thesis is never a question.
Bridge
Let's take a look at an example:
Introduction Paragraph
The introduction is always the first paragraph
of any paper. It contains the following parts:
Attention-getter
Bridge
Thesis
Sample intro:
As long as there has been war, there have been authors to write about it. Two examples of authors who have experienced and written about war are Ernest Hemingway and Kurt Vonnegut. However, each writes about war in his own unique style and through his own unique point of view. Therefore, as authors who have written about war, Kurt Vonnegut and Ernest Hemingway share many similarities and many differences.

The bridge is the second part of an
intro. It acts as a transition to lead the reader into the main point of the paper.
Introductions
How to Write an Introductory Paragraph
Some strategies for attention-getters:
a bold statement:
The Chicago Cubs are one of the best baseball teams in professional baseball history.
a famous quote:
John F. Kennedy once said, "Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country."
a stunning fact:

Nearly twenty-five percent of all deaths in the United States are caused by texting while driving.
Think of the bridge as the set up to the punchline of a joke.
Ex:
One of the greatest science fiction authors to ever write about World War II, is Kurt Vonnegut.

Ex:
The most influential battle in American history is the battle of Gettysburg.
Notice that the thesis is very specific and is a claim, not a question, that you will have to defend in the rest of your paper. A strong thesis is the first building block of a strong paper.
Attention-getter:
As long as there has been war, there have been authors to write about it.
The first sentence
brings up the general topic
Is not a "Have you ever...."? question--try to avoid this.
The Bridge:
Two examples of authors who have experienced and written about war are Ernest Hemingway and Kurt Vonnegut. However, each writes about war in his own unique style and through his own unique point of view.
The transition from the idea of authors who write about war, to two specific authors.
Remember, this is the set up to the thesis (or think of the thesis as the punchline of a joke, and the bridge as the set-up).
The Thesis: The Punchline!
Therefore, as authors who have written about war, Kurt Vonnegut and Ernest Hemingway share many similarities and many differences.
The main idea!
Notice how we went from a general topic of "authors and war" to the main idea of how two authors have similarities and differences.
Conclusions
A conclusion is nothing more than the reverse process of an introduction.
Attention-getter (the most broad/general statement)
Bridge (the transition)
Thesis (the main idea)
Conclusion:
Re-state the thesis
Summary of main points
Reference the attention-getter
Sample intro:
As long as there has been war, there have been authors to write about it. Two examples of authors who have experienced and written about war are Ernest Hemingway and Kurt Vonnegut. However, each writes about war in his own unique style and through his own unique point of view. Therefore, as authors who have written about war, Kurt Vonnegut and Ernest Hemingway share many similarities and many differences.
As one can see, the similarities and differences between Ernest Hemingway and Kurt Vonnegut are numerous. Firstly, both authors served during WWII. Secondly, each author has a famous novel in which they base it off of their war-time experience. However, each author has their own particular style. In addition, each author served a different role in the military. As long as authors like Kurt Vonnegut and Ernest Hemingway exist, there will always be stories about war.
re-state thesis
Summary of main points
Reference the attention-getter
Illegal Attention-Getters:
Have you ever questions
Have you ever been to Disney World?
Have you ever read
To Kill a Mockingbird
?
Doesn't engage the audience
Not thought provoking
Only require a "yes" or "no" response
Dictionary Definitions
Webster's dictionary defines education as...blah, blah, blah, blah...boring!
If I wanted a definition, I would look it up.
Cliches
Overused expressions
"There's more than one way to skin a cat."
"Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get."
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