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Compare/Contrast between Islam and Catholicism
Transcript of Compare/Contrast between Islam and Catholicism
Islam and Catholicism By Isaiah Evidon Starr Comparisons Comparisons Islam V Catholicism Shared Beliefs Similarities between Catholicism and Islam What Is Catholicism
And Islam? Islam Catholicism Basic Information Islam is an Abrahamic Faith which means that it is monotheistic and that it trace its history to Abraham.
Islam was founded in 622 C.E. in the Arabian Peninsula where Muhammad spread his teachings.
Islam is a religion founded and based on faith in one supreme God, Allah.Every follower of Islam believes in this central doctrine and in Prophet Muhammad being the last messenger of God. The Quran, the holy book of the religion is a compilation of all of God's revelations to the Prophet. God revealed his message to the Prophet Muhammad through the archangel Gabriel, about the onenness of God, how to worship him, and the perfected way of life. Therefore the Quran is considered the unchanged word of God and the constitution and the guide for Muslims in this life. 1. Both The Roman Catholic Church and Islam believe that only they are the one true church/religion.
2. The Roman Catholic Church and the Islam require mandatory fasting.
4. The Roman Catholic Church and Islam base their salvation on a complicated system of works and deny salvation by faith alone. There is no assurance of salvation in either religion.
5. Both cults deny the Biblical view of the Atonement. The Roman Catholic Church doctrine dictates that one must go to Purgatory to have his sins purged, Jesus just paved the way. The Muslims believe their works will save them but will not know until Judgment Day. This is because there is no atonement for sin, and God's grace does not exist.
8. The Pope is the vicar or substitute of Christ for the Roman Catholic Church. In Islam, Muhammad is called the last and final Messenger of God, the successor to Jesus.
13. The Roman Catholic Church and the Islam base some of their doctrine on pagan traditions. For The Roman Catholic Church the traditions of a goddess, rosary, pope, relics, purgatory, transubstantiation, praying to dead people, idol worship, Christmas(Winter Solstice), and Halloween(Samhain) are all based on paganism.
18 Both religions have a "holy" shrine in which the believers are taught to look to as their headquarters
e.g. Mecca and the Vatican. Christians believe in the Trinity; Muslims believe God is indivisible.
Christians believe that as a member of the Trinity, Jesus is the Son of God. Muslims believe that Jesus was conceived by an act of God and though not the Son of God, is like Muhammad, a highly respected Prophet.
Christians believe Adam is guilty of disobeying God and that we all bear this Original Sin when we are born. We can be saved from this, and other sins, through accepting Jesus Christ's atonement. Christians believe that Jesus was crucified on a cross to atone for man's sins.
Muslims believe Adam was faultless (some refer to him as a Prophet). They believe Jesus did not die on the cross and consequently there is no atonement. Muslims believe that each person is born sin-less and must take responsibility for maintaining this state throughout life.
Christians believe that when we die, we are immediately judged and sent to heaven or hell (or Purgatory in the Catholic faith, where Christian souls can do penance to prepare for heaven and non-Christians can languish until the final Judgment Day). Muslims believe in barzakh, an interim afterlife similar to Purgatory, where spirits wait Judgment Day.
Many Bible stories are repeated in the Qur'an but some of the details differ. Not all of these differences can be explained by translation errors.
Secular law and morality are separate in Christian countries and they have secular governments. Islam considers law and morality are synonymous; the law is based on their moral code and politics are governed by the religion.
Christians have a more relaxed view about what foods may be eaten. Muslims, being conscious that God created man, consider it wrong to defile such a creation with certain food and drink. Muslims may not, for example, eat pork or drink alcohol. Catholicism is an Abrahamic faith which means its a monotheistic faith emphasizing and tracing its origin to Abraham.
Catholics believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God.
Catholicism began as a persecuted religious community, illegal within the Roman Empire in its earlier days. At the time it was considered a cult, but after some three hundred years and the conversion of Emperor Constantine it became legal and was eventually recognized as the official religion of the empire. Contrasts between
Islam and Catholicism Isaiah Starr