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Historical Context of Mate Selection

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by

Rafi Sadek

on 23 October 2013

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Transcript of Historical Context of Mate Selection

Mate Selection
UNITED STATES

Dating & Mate Selection Process
Family being the fundamental unit of society
Entering families of orientation by birth or adoption and then eventually, creating our own families
Considering the amount of time that we spend with spouses and the impact that these relationships have on our emotional lives, mate selection is one one of the most important decisions that we will ever make
All societies have a vested interest in unsuccessful families and have values and customs that regulate the process of forming them
Ceremonies and Customs
-In the United States it is common for the couple to write their own wedding vows.
Summary
Marriages in the United States are based on LOVE. Marriage is not arranged to strengthen family business, it’s about two people falling in love and wanting to be together.
Bibliography
Mate Selection Across Cultures - Google Books." Google Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2013. <http://books.google.ca/books?hl=en&lr=&id=rCZUw2mCXroC&oi=fnd&pg=
Historical Context of Mate Selection
-Prior to the wedding itself, it is traditional for the Maid of Honor to throw a bridal shower as part of the bridal ceremonies.
Dating
A series of stages that people went through which eventually led to marriage: casual dating, steady dating, informal commitment, cohabitation, and/or engagement, and marriage.

An agreement between two people is usually the only thing required for modern dating

Media, fashion, music all encourage early intimacy in spite of more conservative preferences from parents and other sources

Double standard: permitted sexual experiences for males but not for females
Europe colonized the New World brought with them their Calvinist values on marriage, child rearing, and patriarchy

A young man would receive permission from the father of the woman he was interested in, and could then begin courtship.

Woman could veto her parents' choices, but couples rarely married if the parents did not approve. It was hoped that love develop over time, but dowries were often more important than romance

Marriage was a civil ceremony, with banns (the forerunner of today's wedding announcements) being posted two weeks in advance

Fuel was expensive so it made it difficult to keep homes warm during winter
- U.S. weddings do take place in a religious setting.
Traditionally the newlyweds kiss to seal their union.
Women are working and have good paying jobs
Most marriages in the US are by free choice.
-Old wedding traditions may have held that the groom had to ask the bride’s father for his blessing, but that tradition is rarely respected any longer
Mate Selection
Exogamy: Means that the individual must not marry someone within his or her own group or family. All cultures have incest taboos, and the United States follows the general Western rules that a person may not marry anyone closer than a second cousin.

Endogamy: Refers to the social pressure to marry someone within one’s own group. There is a tendency to meet and marry people from the same racial, ethnic, religious and social backgrounds. This is also called homogamy, especially when referring to research that indicates greater marital stability for those who marry individuals similar to themselves.

There is also a tendency for women to marry “up” (hypergamy) and for men to marry “down” (hypogamy).
Gender Role Shift
Free Choice V Arranged
Love V Family Practically
"Wedding Traditons and Customs around the World." Wedding Traditons and Customs. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2013. <http://worldweddingtraditions.com/>.
"The Wedding Ceremony and the Many Customs." The Wedding Ceremony and the Many Customs. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2013. <http://www.weddingscenter.com/wedding-ceremony.html>.
Full transcript