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7th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 1

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erik carlson

on 30 November 2018

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Transcript of 7th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 1

7th Grade Chapter 6 Lesson 1
British Troops and Taxes
King George III in order to keep the peace in the colonies he kept 10,000 soldiers in the colonies
Parliament then passed the Quartering Act
Colonist were required to house soldiers and provide them with supplies
Act was passed in order to save money
Because of the French and Indian War Britain had a high debt. As a result, then needed more revenue(money)
1764-Parliament passed the Sugar Act
tax on sugar, molasses, and other products shipped to the colonies
British Troops and Taxes
In response to the Sugar Act, colonial leaders argued that Parliament had no right to tax the colonies since they had no representation
"Taxation without representation is Tyranny," stated by James Otis
Britain defended themselves by saying that colonists were subjects of Britain and enjoyed the protection of their laws
Objectives
Identify why the Proclamation of 1763 angered so many colonists
Describe the debate over taxes and troops in the colonies
Explain the Stamp Act
Explain how the colonists forced Britain to repeal the Stamp Act
The Colonies Protest the Stamp Act
Secret societies
Sons of Liberty
staged protests against British policies
burned stamp paper
attacked custom officials(tar and feathered)
In 1766 Parliament repealed the Stamp Act
However, Parliament also passed the Declaratory Act
This law said that Parliament had supreme authority to govern the colonies
Homework
1. Identify why the Proclamation of 1763 angered so many colonists.
2. Describe the debate over taxes and troops in the colonies.
3. Explain the Stamp Act.
4. Explain how the colonists forced Britain to repeal the Stamp Act.
Britain Passes the Stamp Act
In 1765, Parliament passed the Stamp Act
all legal documents and commercial documents had to have an official stamp showing the tax had been paid (diplomas, contracts, wills, newspapers)
Sugar was affected merchants(imports)
Stamp Act affected everyone
making it worse, colonists had to pay for stamps with a silver coin(scarce item in the colonies)
The Colonies and Britain Grow Apart
After the French and Indian War Britain wanted to control its colonies and new territories
British Parliament passed new laws and restrictions
The 1st law was the Proclamation of 1763
colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
Britain wanted to prevent a Native American revolt
The proclamation angered colonists who wanted to move there and who already bought land there
The Colonies Protest the Stamp Act
"No taxation without representation!"
October of 1775, Nine colonies sent delegates to the Stamp Act Congress in NY
At the meeting delegates drew up a petition to the king protesting the Stamp Act
the right to tax, belonged to the colonial assemblies, not Parliament
Merchants also refused to buy British goods
Full transcript