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Indian Textile Culture
Transcript of Indian Textile Culture
Indian Textile Culture
Indian textiles include a variety of bright colours, patterns, fabrics and techniques. The main colours used are bright natural colours like red, orange, pink, brown and yellow. Different patterns used are paisley and floral patterns.
They use embroidery and beading on many of their textile items and are known for their symmetrical patterning and reflective embellishments.
In Indian textiles, each colour represents a different meaning or emotion.
is associated with the indian goddess Durga. It can represent fear or on the other hand, purity. Many women wear this colour on their wedding day. The colour represents fertility and opulence.
has healing powers. It represents health and longevity.
represents power and life. Water is known to be blue and as water is the source of all life, the colour represent dynamism.
symbolizes nature and a new beginning. It also refers to harvest and happiness as it refers to plants and nature being reborn.
WHITE stands for serenity. It is pure and spreads the message of peace. White is often worn at cremation ceremonies to bid a peaceful farewell to the departing soul.
represents evil, darkness and negativity. Surprisingly, the same colour is used to ward off evil.
Colours also indicate martial status and celebration of the wearer.
Traditional Textile Items Known To Indian Culture
Communication & Self-Expression
Indian textiles are all about communication and self-expression. Sari's are an artwork, they allow the producer to express their likes, dislikes and emotions.
Great textile works are created by the women of the family for the daughters wedding dowry, the basis for their creation is self-expression. They use a plain fabric to be the earth, a blank canvas on which they project their beliefs, values and personality. They may decorate the blank canvas with many different methods such as block printing and screen printing. To represent freedom they may embroider a bird in flight or to represent good fortune they may screen print an elephant. Red sari's are worn at a wedding to bring happiness to the marriage. The incorporation of small mirrors are meant to protect the child from evil spirits.
Textiles can also be a way of communicating your thoughts, beliefs, personality and emotions. In India regional dress can communicate to others a persons origin. Muslim women in India are usually seen wearing head to-toe burgah's this communicates to strangers that they are married and belong to their husbands.
Women who wear a cream sari are communicating that they are young brides, while on the other hand a women wearing a white sari is communicating that she is mourning the loss of her husband.
Over a period of time the social status system has been watered down but today it is very obvious what social rank they come from.
Its possible to tell which rank they come from by the way they wear their sari, none is typical as there is more than one way of wearing it.
According to the social rank that you come from the quality, fabric, colour and style differ greatly, the more elaborate the garments look the more time and money they take, the more they are considered to belong in the upper classes.
Red and brown colouring
Reds, oranges, yellows and browns
Pink and red colours
Silver and gold beading
Earthy natural colours used
Red and brown colours
Red as base colour
Different panels of fabric, peiced together to make one big blanket or quilt.
Reds, Oranges, browns, yellows, greens.
Flowers and plants
Basic patterns and shapes like squares and zig-zags.
Reds and yellows
Traditional indian clothing
Reds and browns
Single peice of material, embellished and printed on.
Vines and leaf patterns
Round patterns with leafs and floral designs
Long peice of embellished material with trimmings
Golds, browns and reds
Flower and leaf patterns
Beading and sequins are used to embellish the surface of the item
Reds, yellows, greens, browns and golds are used to adhere to the indian culture
ZIg-zags, squares, triangles and stripes are used in some parts of the item to give some detail to the design
Golden embellishments are added to give a more expensive and exciting look to the piece
Skilled textile workers would have made this item as it is intricate in design and has a lot of beading and embellishment work done on it. Applique in intricate designs would take skill and the many pieces would have taken a long time to evenly piece together and finish off.