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Bronze Age Culture
Transcript of Bronze Age Culture
The people of Mesopotamia made a large variety of tools and weapons using bronze (since it was more sturdy, yet easier to to put in molds) - axes, awls, hammers, swords, daggers, and sickles.
Later, they found that mixing tin and copper produced stronger bronze and made tools like axes and tin-bronze pins.
Homes and Structures
Thato M., Mike M., and Tim G.
Mesopotamia (2000-1600 B.C.)
The land was between two rivers, the Euphrates and Tigris. The "Northern Zone" was a mountainous region, while the southern part of Mesopotamia was mostly desert, although it it had deep, rich topsoil because of the flooding from the rivers.
After the Wurm ice-age(which ended around 8000 B.C.E.), the Atlanticum started. The Atlanticum is the main part of a wet, warm period. (The Atlanticum ended around 5000 B.C.E.)
The people of Mesopotamia did not have resources like timber or stone, so much brick was used.
When those living in Mesopotamia realized things would be much easier if they could take water to the fields of barley, wheat, and grain, they began irrigating. They started by getting vessels of water and pouring it onto their plots.
Later, they got the idea to dig trenches to make reservoirs. Eventually, they started making canals, dams and irrigation ditches. Although this worked well, floods from the Euphrates and Tigris rivers often ruined the crops, so cows and lambs were kept to be used as a substitute.
Mesopotamia is from the Greek and means "between two rivers"(those two rivers being the Tigris and Euphrates rivers).
Across the region of Mesopotamia, education was a high value.
The cultures in Mesopotamia always fought for the stairs in the picture because they wanted to have control over it; but, the Uruk culture came and took it over. One theory is that they would want the stairs because they could see far and wide to alert and get ready for battle.
a man using a sickle with flint blades that were used for cutting seed.
The people in Mesopotamia mainly used mud-brick construction to make public and private structures because they did not have resources like timber and stone. But, mud-brick construction was inexhaustible, inexpensive, easily made because of the excessive sun and lack of rain, and made great walls to prevent flooding. Mud-brick construction was also easy to make. First, the bricks were tempered (or hardened) with dung or grass. Then, the bricks were put in molds and dried in the sun. Once dried, the bricks were formed into walls , cemented together by mud. Finally, the wall was covered by a thick, mud plaster that cemented the wall even more and reflected light. A similar method is used to make the wall in the picture on the bottom right, but tar is the adhesive instead.