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Sociological views of theFamily

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matthew oeverman

on 21 April 2010

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Transcript of Sociological views of theFamily

Sociological influences and the Family Theories of the Family Functionalism
Stresses conformity, consensus and the preservation and reproduction of the social order
Conflict theories
Stress the restrictive, the oppressive and exploitative nature of the family
R.D Laing
Functionalism Functionalists believe every institution in society contributes to the smooth running of society.
To functionalists the family is at the heart of society.
Murdock (1949) claimed that the nuclear family is so useful to society that it is inevitable and universal The ‘universal’ nuclear family Murdock (1949) claimed that he had found evidence of families in the 250 different societies he studied
He defined the family as social group characterised by:
Common residence
Economic co-operation
Two adults who maintain a socially approved sexual relationship
1 or more children (biological or adopted) of these adults
Murdoch and the functions of the family The family is said to universal because it performs essential functions for society:-
Sexual – controls sexuality, provides stability for adults
Reproductive – provides new members of society.
Economic – family provides for its members.
Educational – family socialises the young into societies norms and values.
The Functionalist Family Parsons presents us with a modern, stripped down family structure, appropriate for an advanced modern industrial society such as Britain and the USA
societies industrialize, the family correspondingly adapts and evolves. In the past there was strong emphasis on the economic and maintenance needs of family members.
As societies industrialize and become more complex, with an increasing division of labour and specialization of tasks, so agencies outside the family have taken over its responsibilities
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