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Kingdom Animalia

Science - 3rd Grade EFL
by

Justin M Thibedeau

on 27 May 2014

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Transcript of Kingdom Animalia

Phylum Cnidaria:
Stinging Creature
Have hard exoskeleton (exo = outside)
Have jointed limbs, so their arms and legs can bend
Molt - must shed their exoskeleton as they grow bigger
Largest phylum of animals, over 1,000,000 species
Classes - Insects, Arachnids, Crustaceans, and Myriapods
Phylum Arthropods
Kingdom:
Phylum Echinoderms:
Spiny Skin
Phylum Molluscs:
Soft Bodies
Phylum Annelids:
Worms
Have soft bodies
Have a strong muscular foot
Some have shells
Most have a radula, like a spiky tongue
Lay eggs
Some live in water, others on land
100,000 species
Free swimming facing down (jellyfish) or stationary facing up (anemone, coral)
Have only one opening surrounded by poisonous tentacles
Lay eggs
Live in salt water
About 10,000 species
Have an endoskeleton (endo = inside) with a five part body
Lay eggs or reproduce by fragmentation, if one piece breaks off, it can grow a new animal
Have tube feet
No head or brain
Live on the ocean floor
6,000 species

Class Osteichthyes:
Bony Fish
What is an animal?
"All animals have teeth."
"All animals have legs."
"All animals can move."
"All animals live on land."
"All animals lay eggs."
"All animals have fur."
"No animals can fly."
"All animals eat other living things."
"Plants are kinds of animals."
"All animals can reproduce (make babies)."
Phylum
Class
Invertebrates
Vertebrates
Invertebrates are animals that don't have a backbone.
Vertebrates are animals that have a backbone.
Animalia
fish
eels
How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
What do they eat?
swim, glide
How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
herbivores (eat plants)
omnivores (eat both)
What do they eat?
swim, glide, float, jump, flop
How do they move?
walk, crawl
What do they eat?
carnivores
(eat other animals)
How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
herbivores (eat plants)
omnivores (eat both)
What do they eat?
How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
herbivores (eat plants)
omnivores (eat both)
What do they eat?
walk, run
some can jump
hop, jump
swim
slither
swim, glide, float
run
walk
crawl
climb
fly
swim, dive
How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
herbivores (eat plants)
omnivores (eat both)
What do they eat?
swim, glide, float, dive
walk, run, crawl, climb, hop, jump, swing
fly
Body has three parts (
head
,
thorax
,
abdomen
)
Six legs attached to the thorax
Many have wings
Lay eggs
Most have a pair of antennae to touch and smell
Live everywhere
Class Insecta:
Insects

How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
What do they eat?
swim, float
How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
What do they eat?
How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
herbivores (eat plants)
omnivores (eat both)
What do they eat?
swim, float
How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
herbivores (eat plants)
omnivores (eat both)
What do they eat?
swim, glide, float
How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
herbivores (eat plants)
omnivores (eat both)
What do they eat?
crawl, walk, run, jump, fly, hover
jellyfish
anemones
corals
Life Cycle of a Jellyfish
sting, grab, pull
sea urchins
sea stars
sand dollars
sea cucumbers
walk
snails
slugs
squid
octopus / octopi
clams
slide, glide
Which of these are animals?
Have long soft bodies
Bodies have a pattern of rings
Have a head and tail
Lay eggs or reproduce by fragmentation, if one piece breaks off, it can grow a new animal
Some live on land, some live in water
17,000 species
earthworms
marine worms
flatworms
leeches
wiggle, squirm, dig
moths
butterflies
praying mantis
bees
dragonflies
beetles
Class
Body has two parts head+thorax =
cepholothorax
and an
abdomen
Eight legs attached to the cephalothorax
Lay eggs
Many are poisonous
Class Arachnid

How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
What do they eat?
crawl, walk, jump
Have many legs attached to the thorax
Lay eggs
Two pairs of antennae to touch and smell
Most live in water
55,000 species
Class Crustacean

How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
herbivores (eat plants)
omnivores (eat both)
What do they eat?
crawl, walk, scuttle, swim, pinch
Have many body segments
Have many legs (10-750)
Centipedes have one pair of legs per body segment
Millipedes have two pairs of legs per body segment
Have a pair of antennae
Lay eggs
Over 13,000 species
Class Myriapods

How do they move?
carnivores (eat other animals)
herbivores (eat plants)
What do they eat?
crawl
scorpions
tarantulas
ticks
spiders
skim across water
Venus fly trap chameleon earthworm
snail hummingbird sea urchin
fish kangaroo mushroom
jellyfish coral oyster
True or False
Remember, if you can think of just one example that makes the statement false, then the statement can't be true.
"
All
apples are green."
Read each statement and decide whether it is true or false. If it is false, give proof (an example).
Move
All animals can move by themselves.
Eat
All animals ingest (eat) other living things (plants or animals or both).
Reproduce
All animals can make babies.
All animals...
Why are neither Venus fly traps nor mushrooms animals?
Side Note:
Venus fly traps are plants. Even though they eat other living things (insects), they still make part of their own food through photosynthesis. No animal can make its own food.
Mushrooms are not plants they are a fungus. Fungi (plural for fungus) are more similar to plants because their cells have a thick wall around them. Cells are the building blocks that we are made of.
Skeletons are bone
Have scales
Lay many eggs
Cold-blooded
Live in water
Breathe underwater with gills
28,000 different species
Facts About Bony Fish
Appearance
Examples
Facts About Cartilage Fish
Appearance
Class Chondrichthyes:
Cartilage Fish
rays
sharks
Skeletons are cartilage, not bone
Tough skin, no scales
Some lay eggs, some give birth
Must keep moving to breathe
Cold-blooded
Live in water
About 1,000 species
Examples
fins
gills slits
tough skin
Facts About Amphibians
Appearance
Examples
Class Amphibian:
Amphibians
salamanders
frogs and toads
newts
First vertebrates on land
Lay soft shelled eggs in freshwater
Embryos (babies) first breathe underwater with gills
Adult amphibians breathe air with lungs or through their skin
Smooth moist (wet) skin
Cold blooded
7,000 species (90% frogs)
Metamorphosis
Facts About Reptiles
Examples
Class Reptilia:
Reptiles
chameleons
iguanas
lizards
turtles
snakes
Scaly dry skin
Lay eggs with leathery skin
Live in warm places
Cold-blooded
Most live on land, but some live on land and in water
Breathe air with lungs
About 9,000 species
alligators and crocodiles
Appearance
Facts About Birds
Appearance
Examples
Class Aves:
Birds
ostriches
owls
pigeons
Facts About Mammals
Appearance
Examples
eagles
hummingbirds
Two wings and two legs
Feathers
Lay eggs with hard shells
Birds have light bones, some are hollow
Beaks, no teeth
Warm-blooded
About 10,000 species
Class Mammalia:
Mammals
seals
jaguars
elephants
humans
whales
moose
monkeys
All mammals have hair or fur
Warm blooded
Breathe air with lungs
Most mammals give birth
Make milk to feed their babies
Some live on land, some in water
Over 4,000 species
bite, pinch, sting
bite, pinch, sting
lobsters
crabs
shrimp
barnacles
woodlouse
Activity:

Get in pairs or groups and play this game using what you have learned about vertebrates. The questions below can get you started.
What are the fastest animals on Earth?
Peregrine Falcons
Diving top speed: 389 km/h (242 mph)
Sailfish
Top speed: 110 km/h (68 mph)
Cheetahs
0-62 mph (100 km/h) in 3 seconds
Top speed: 120 km/h = 75 mph
Animal Facts
curl
centipedes
millipedes
Activity:
Now try
this game again using what you have learned about the entire Animal Kingdom.
Land
Water
Air
on
in
in
What is the strongest animal on Earth?
pound for pound
We are talking about proportional strength. Who can lift or move the most compared to their size?
Gorillas
Grizzly Bears
Elephants
Leafcutter Ants
400 kg.
6,000 kg.
Weight
180 kg.
.01 grams
80 grams
80 grams
Horned Dung Beetles
Rhinoceros Beetles
Strength
Animals
9,000 kg.
2,000 kg.
500 kg.
90 kg.
68 kg.
.5 grams
proportional strength
=
How much can the animal lift, carry or pull?
How much does the animal weigh?
(1 kilogram = 1,000 grams)
1.5 X weight
1.25 X weight
11 X weight
850 X weight
1125 X weight
50 X weight
Full transcript