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Present simple

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by

Tatiana Mejía

on 5 February 2014

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Transcript of Present simple

Present simple
USES
The present simple is used to talk about things that
usually
happen.
You often use the present simple with adverbs of time.
Always
Every Day
Usually
Often
Sometimes
Rarely
Hardly ever
Never
Examples
I
always
talk to my mother on Sundays.
He
never
eats apple
Excepcion
When you use the verb
To Be
, the verb goes
before
the
adverb
.
I
am

always
happy
He
is

often
sick
They
are

rarely
late
Use the present simple to talk about generalitics of scientific facts.
Elephants
live
in Africa
She
works
in a hospital
Bogota
is
in Colombia
EXAMPLES
Use the Present simple for events scheduled in the near future.


The train
leaves
at 10:00
The party
is
tonight
Does
the festival
start
tomorrow?
EXAMPLES
Use the Present Simple for instructions (imperative)
EXAMPLES
Open
the window
Do
your homework
Call
your mother
GRAMMATICAL RULES
To conjugate the present simple we use the inifinitive for subject "I", "you", "we" and "they" and for another "he", "she" and "it", add a "-s" to end of the verb.


subject
conjugation
I, YOU, WE, THEY
Talk, Eat, Learn, Watch, Do, Go...
HE, SHE, IT
Talk
s
, Eat
s
, Learn
s
, Watch
es
, Do
es
, Go
es
...
FORM
Affirmative Sentences
structure
Subject
+
Principal verb
I
talk
He
eats
They
learn
Negative Sentences
Structure
Subject
+

auxiliary verb (to do)
+

negative auxiliary
(not)

+

principal verb
I
do

not
[
do
n't
]
talk
.
He
does

not
[
does
n't
]
eat
.
They
do

not
[
do
n't
]
learn
.

Interrogative Sentences
Structure
Auxiliary verb (to do)

+
subject
+
principal verb
Do
you
talk
?
Does
he
eat
?
Do
they
learn
?
workshop
Do the next exercises using the subjects I, he/she.
Do two
Affirmative
sentences
Do two
Negative
sentences,
Do two
Interrogative
sentences
Do two sentences using
adverbs of time
.
TATIANA MEJÍA BUITRAGO
&
MAIRA ARDILA CARDENAS
Full transcript