Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
The Cold War
Transcript of The Cold War
The Cold War
a period of tension between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
- Not an actual full-scale war
- 1940s - 1991 (approximately)
WHAT CAUSED THIS TENSION?
Causes of the Cold War: WWII Disagreements
- You signed a nonaggression pact with Hitler!
- Where were you guys when we were fighting Hitler?
Causes of the Cold War:
- Eastern European countries must have free elections!
- Eastern European countries must have communist governments loyal to U.S.S.R.
countries from Germany.
Our armies still control these countries.
We’ll decide what goes on!
Satellite Nations -
countries dominated by the Soviet Union.
So what's the big problem?
Communism and Capitalism are incompatible.
Another war is inevitable.
We must build weapons rather than goods.
Why can't capitalism & communism coexist?
They are basically the opposite way of doing things..
Allow me to demonstrate...
Why are capitalism and communism incompatible?
People own property
People control economy
Compete for resources
Wealth can be spread unequally
, elect leaders
Government owns property
Government controls economy
Wealth is spread "equally"
Greed plays a role
Both countries want access to trade and resources of Eastern Europe
Fear plays a role
Eastern European countries will become friends or enemies depending on the economic system they have.
Can the U.S. allow more Communist countries?
Can the USSR allow Capitalist neighbors?
Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Poland
What to do with Germany?
- US policy to stop the spread of USSR influence and communism
Remember how Germany was divided up after WWII?
Germany was divided into 4 sections
So was the Capital--Berlin
What to do with Germany?
US, Great Britain, France
Want to reunite Germany!
Don't want to reunite Germany!
Decision is made to reunite Germany
USSR decided to hold US, British & French section of Berlin HOSTAGE!
People faced starvation
What should Allies do?
Go to war?
Berlin Airlift -
Allies flew supplies
to West Berlin to help hostages
Food, Fuel, Medicine
Harassed the planes
Knew if they fired on the planes, it may start WWIII
Airlift was successful
Embarrassed the Soviet Union
Soviet's gave up blockade after 11 months
It's tough to contain communism alone...
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- alliance created to contain communism and promote democracy
- alliance created in response to NATO for communist coutries in Eastern Europe
NATO's goal: contain Communism and prevent a Domino Effect
- if one country is influenecd by communism, other will follow
We will discuss more on this during our Asia unit!
Have you ever heard of the terms 1st World, 2nd World or 3rd World?
Democratic & industrial nations influenced by U.S.
Communist nations that support USSR
Everyone else-75% of the world!
a race between the United States and Soviet Union to build up their supply of weapons
Especially, nuclear weapons
How could war be prevented?
By having bigger, better & more weapons
Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)
- neither side will attack with nuclear weapons because it will result in complete annihilation of both sides
Meanwhile, a Space Race is also occurring...
Race between Soviet Union & United States for supremacy in spaceflight capability
Directly related to nuclear arms race
USSR took the lead in the Space Race by launching
- the first satellite (Oct.4, 1957)
The U.S. won the "moon race" by landing Apollo 11 on the moon (July 20, 1969)
Would a nuclear war ever occur?
...it almost did...
Cuban Missile Crisis
(October 1962) U.S.A. obtains evidence of the Soviet Union building missile bases in Cuba.
If completed, nuclear missiles would be able to reach the U.S.A. in minutes!
Prime Minister of Cuba
(Came to power during a revolution)
Political Leader in USSR
Cuban Missile Crisis
Any missile attack from Cuba will result in an all out attack on the Soviet Union.
You're the President...
Should the U.S. invade Cuba?
What is the missiles are ready to launch?
Does this mean all out war with the Soviet Union?
End of Crisis
U.S. & USSR reach agreement.
won't invade Cuba & removes missiles from Turkey
removes missiles from Cuba
The Move Toward Unity
The destructivness of two world wars caused Europeans to seek unity
Is unity possible?
If unity is possible--in what form would unity come?
In 1957--a treaty
was signed by six western Europe countries which
European Economic Community (EEC)
West Germany, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxemboug, & Italy
6 members could trade freely
"protective" tax on imported goods from non-EEC countries
Encourages cooperation between EEC countries
1973--Britain, Denmark & Ireland join
The European Union
Various other countries join the EEC until....
1992--a treaty was signed between 12 countries creating the European Union (EU)
A single currency
Foreign & security policies
The EU's Four Freedoms
The free movement of;
Euro (single European currency)
replaces member country's currency
The EU has grown to 28 countries from the original 6
EU Map Activity!
How was Germany divided after World War II?
This leads to...
Division of Europe!
German Democratic Republic
Federal Republic of Germany
West Germany East Germany
US, France & Britian's Zones
Soviet Union's Zone
Booming industrial economy by the 1950's
Wealthy & better standard of living
Freedom of Religion
Low standard of living
The Berlin Wall
1961 - Nikita Khruschev (USSR) ordered the building of the Berlin Wall
- To stop the refugees from East Berlin escaping Communist rule & fleeing to West Berlin
Berlin Wall Video!
Downfall of East Germany:
Angry protestors lead mass demonstrations against the East German government.
1989 - WALL COMES DOWN!
Boarder between West & East Berlin opened
Oct. 3, 1990
Reunification of Germany
East & West Germany unite as one Germany
Continuation of the Federal Republic (West Germany)
Brandenburg Gate - A national symbol of unity
Write down as many concepts, vocabulary or people that we discussed in class that you hear mentioned in the video!
Winner gets a fantastic prize!!!
Capitalism & Democracy or Communism?
Leader of U.S.S.R. (Soviet Union)
Capitalism & Communism CANNOT COEXIST!
The Marshall Plan
(100 Billion Today)
paid to Western European countries
Bad Economic Conditions in Europe after WWII
Fear that Communism could spread in the poor economic conditions
Stop Communism by attacking poverty, hunger, despair
"An Iron Curtain has descended across the continent"
- Winston Churchill