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Drug Addiction

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jonathan orozco

on 30 May 2015

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Transcript of Drug Addiction

Drug Addiction
Family and Peers
The Side effects of drug addiction
The Way out
What is drug addiction?
Drug addiction is when a person is dependent on an illegal drug or medication. When addicted to a drug, one can not control the need for the drug. It is hard for one to recover from their dependency on the drug. Some characteristics of addiction include impaired control over drug use, compulsive use, continued use despite harm, and craving of the drug.
In many cases when family or peers find out about substance abuse they try their hardest to help the victim.
When a drug addict goes through the recovery process it is important to have family or friends around because they build support and confidence. The user of such substances feels as if they can go and speak about their problems to someone they are close to.
Chronic use of a drug can cause long-lasting changes in the brain, which may lead to paranoia, depression, aggression, and hallucinations.
Why do some become addicted while others don't?
As with many other conditions and diseases, vulnerability to addiction differs from person to person. Your genes, mental health, family and social environment all play a role in addiction. Risk factors that increase your vulnerability include:
Family history of addiction, abuse, neglect, or other traumatic experiences in childhood.
Mental disorders such as depression and anxiety.
Early use of drugs.
Mental and Physical Effects
#1 Most addictive and self-destructive drug: Heroin
-Heroin is an illegal opiate street drug that is very similar to morphine. It is commonly injected into the veins for a quick rush followed by extended feelings of euphoria. Like methamphetamine abuse, prolonged use of heroin prevents abusers from experiencing natural feelings of happiness. Heroin users may experience cycles of hyperactivity followed by disorientation and drowsiness, erratic behavior, shortness of breath, and dry mouth. Chronic users also suffer from a compulsive need to scratch or pick at their skin, this is called itchy blood. While users may initially turn to heroin as a way to block emotional pain, over time, addicts become unable to experience any emotions other than Heroin's artificial high.
#2 Most Addictive and Self-Destructive Drug: Cocaine
-Cocaine is a central nervous system stimulant that is commonly snorted. It may also be smoked as crack cocaine. When snorted, cocaine is absorbed rapidly into the bloodstream. This produces a faster, more intense high than snorting. Both methods increase energy, heart rate, reduce mental fatigue, and enhance mental alertness. Regularly snorting cocaine leads to the loss of smell, constant nose bleeds, difficulty swallowing, and a chronic runny nose. Smoking crack cocaine damages the lungs, leading to emphysema. Cocaine abuse causes psychological problems, including anxiety, irritability, and restlessness. Chronic cocaine abusers also experience full-blown episodes of paranoia, including auditory hallucinations.
#3 Most Addictive and Self-Destructive Drug: Methamphetamines
-Methamphetamines, also known as "meth" or "crystal" are synthetic stimulants. Meth can be snorted, smoked, injected, or injested. Chronic meth abuse changes how the brain functions, it reduces motor skills, impairs verbal learning, and alters the brain's ability to experience pleasure. Like cocaine, meth speeds up the central nervous system, which causes an increase in heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and breathing rate. Users experience intense sensations of euphoria, increased alertness, and outbursts of energy. The withdrawal effects are just as intense; users suffer from severe depressions, irritability, paranoia, and nervousness. Prolonged use leads to meth binging, violent outbursts, dramatic weight loss, decayed teeth, open sores on the face, and dramatic aging.
The process of drug addiction
People who start to use drugs often appear excited and energetic at first. They may get a lot of work done and seem happier. However, as the drug use continues they begin to change physically. Their appearance starts to change; which include weight and hair loss, acne, tooth rot, skin infections, rashes, heavy sweating, bad breath, and dry mouth. Depending on the way the person is using a drug he or she may develop track marks. People’s behavior starts to change and lose interests in sleep, family and peers, and things they used to like to do. They begin to associate themselves with bad influences that do drugs as well. Users will start to carry drug paraphernalia in their homes and/or car.
If someone is dependent of drugs, he or she has a drug addiction and can worsen. A first step can be finding help, talk to a trust worthy person. Preferably someone whom you feel comfortable with and isn’t judgmental. Examples of such adults can be a peer, relative, or a treatment center where they have trained staff members who can help you. There are many treatments that are available for stimulant addiction. Some treatments involve both medications and drug counseling. Antidepressant medications help to treat depression and decrease the cravings of the stimulant that the person is addicted to. Occasionally, doctors will prescribe antipsychotic medications to prevent any hallucinations or delusions. Drug counseling remains the most important part of recovery. The counseling helps the user change the way they think about drugs. Some programs involve following guidelines that are set out in a manual. Other programs have caseworkers to each person to help he or she manage their addiction. The more sufficient and successful treatment is to live in a treatment center, which are long term and also referred to “sleepaway” treatment. For any treatment to be useful or successful the drug user must want to be part of it and cooperate with the regulations. In these treatments counselors encourage the user to surround themselves with family and peers and find new activities to do, to replace the urge of using drugs again.

• Mayo Clinic Staff, MFMER (1998- 2013). Drug Addiction.
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/drug-addiction/ DS00183/
. Last retrieved December 13, 2013

• National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIDA (2007). Drug, Brain, and Behavior.
. Last retrieved December 13, 2013

• Robin, S and Saisan, LR, MS, SS (2013). Drug Abuse and Addiction.
. Last retrieved December 13, 2013

• Walker, I (2008). Addiction In America Society, Psychology, and Heredity.
Broomall, Pennsylvania. Manson Crest Publishers

• Walker, I (2008). Addiction Treatment: Escaping the Trap. Broomall,
Pennsylvania. Manson Crest Publishers

• Warburton, L and Borgan, R. J. (2008). Junior Drug Awareness:
Amphetamines and Other Stimulants. New York, New York. Info Base Publishing

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