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7th Grade CST History Review-Chapters 1-24: EQs of History Alive

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sandra valles-metzger

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Transcript of 7th Grade CST History Review-Chapters 1-24: EQs of History Alive

1. Problems in Roman Empire-DECLINE *political instability (new leadership)
*vast territory to govern/control
*economic & social problems (heavy taxes-poverty)
*not enough jobs
*invasion of Germanic tribes 2. The FALL *change in capitols-850 miles away (present day Turkey)
*division of empire-Rome/Constantinople
*increased invasions of Germanic tribes
*dissolved into many separately governed territories-different tribes. 3.Contributions *murals
*mosaics
*frescoes-3D scenes/landscapes/ceiling ptgs.
*blown glass
*sculpture/statues/busts
*dome
*influenced cathedral design
*aqueducts
*roads
*Latin based languages (Spanish, Italian, French)
*Latin writing-words (August-Caesar Augustus; September "7th month"; October "8th month")
*philosophy-stoicism (good character/self-control/courage....being "stoic"
*law (natural rights/equality)
*citizenship (privilege & responsibility)-obey law........influenced U.S. constitution & Bill of Rights Development of Feudalism *Western Europe-Middle Ages
*Middle Ages=
476-1000 (Early)
1000-1300 (High)
1300-1450 (Late)
*began with Fall of Rome
*social unrest/invasions=struggle to survive
*need for protection/order 4. How? Why? (landowner/workers-vassals/subjects for protection) 7. Social Classes in Feudal Society Monarch-King NOBLES=Lords/Ladies-owned land &
supplied knights for wars Knights-soldiers to defend territory/land Peasants-labored land 6. Feudalism worked! *everyone gained something
*food/necessities , protection, living quarters, soldiers, workers etc. 5. Two Challenges after Fall of Rome *Fragmented empire due to warfare/leadership/vast areas
*need for order and protection from Barbarian groups *Franks took control after Rome
*Clovis and Clotilda, a Christian
*Charlemagne (Charles the Great)
-encouraged education
-Catholic church helped
-empire collapsed after his death *knight's and lord's manor/villages/peasants obligated to farm land
*social classes-same job as parents
*Serve class above 8. Defining characteristics Roman Empire Role of the Church 9. Organization of Roman Catholic Church *center for activity/central to daily life
*protected from danger "sanctuary"
*markets
*festivals/fairs
*worship
*distributed food
*town meetings
*concerts
*education
*explanations for events *modeled old system of gov't with hierarchy & rank
*leadership
*rank
Pope
Cardinals
Archbishops (archdioceses)
bishops (dioceses)
priests/monks/nuns
communities (parishes) 10.Increasing Church Power *monarchs/lords.....TAXES
*authority of pope over king
*church officials more educated-trusted advisers/decision makers, "authority of God" 10. Factors that Increased Power of Church *growing wealth-taxes
*growing control of land
*growing political strength 11. Conflict b/t church and state/gov't *Henry IV trying control priests/church offices/appoint priests
*against Pope, Pope's right/responsibility
*Gregory excommunicated..............begged forgiveness Pope Gregory,
excommunicated King Henry IV 12. Crusades *military expeditions to the land where Jesus had lived
*recover "Holy Land" from non-Christians, Muslims
*recover Jerusalem 13. Roman Catholic Church & art/architecture/education *cathedrals/large churches------
*stone arches-flying buttresses
*gargoyles
*stained glass
*universities/rh/etoric(persuasive writing)/theology (study of God-religious truth)
*philosophy (Aquinas-reason with faith) 14. Thomas Aquinas *both reason and faith-gifts of God
*reason and faith work together
*natural law=God's creation has a natural order & reason
*natural law agrees with moral teaching of Bible 15.Medieval Towns Develop Life in Medieval Towns *after fall of Rome-scattered countryside communities-Early Middle Ages
*came to towns to trade surplus crops (better farming technology)-High Middle Ages
*trade specialized goods/stay in town
*charters to give land rights to certain people 16. Structure of Towns *feudal towns/villages domain of lords/farms-small towns
*built around and within lord's land of control
*settled/specialize/growing towns grew wealthier-fought lord's intervention 17. Geography and Town development *proximity to other territories/countries
*established trade routes
*easier to trade goods throughout Europe, Africa, Eastern lands 18. Judiciary and Common Law *independent judiciary=royal judges & court system of English towns to safeguard rights
*common law=rulings that became part of legal system/known laws 19. Magna Carta/Legal Reform/Model Parliament *Magna Carta=agreement b/t king and nobles: limited king's power and gave more power to nobles
*greater spread of ideas about individual rights/liberties
*development of a parliament to represent people Decline of Feudalism *political changes in England *bubonic plague=black death
*death of so many (rich/poor)
*changes economically-rebuild trade and commerce
*peasants on manors moved to town for opportunities *Hundred Year's War
*war for control of France
*weakened feudalism
*shifted power to lord's and people, not kings Byzantine Empire Summary
Chapter 6: page 67 Questions 20-22 ".In this chapter, you learned about the Byzantine Empire and the Eastern Orthodox Church. After the fall of Rome, the eastern half of the Roman Empire lived on with its capital at Constantinople. Today it is referred to as the Byzantine Empire. Destroyed by rioting in 532, Constantinople was rebuilt by the emperor Justinian I.

The Byzantine Empire was a Christian state. The Eastern Orthodox Church was at the center of daily life and inspired great art and architecture.

Byzantine emperors and patriarchs clashed with popes in Rome over a number of issues. These disagreements led to schism between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church." Geography of the Arabian Peninsula Summary
Chapter 7-page 81
Questions 1-2 Prophet Muhammad Summary
Chapter 8-page 91
Questions 3-4 Teachings of Islam Summary
Chapter 9-Page 103
Questions 5-7 Contributions to Modern World Civilizations Summary
Chapter 10-page 117
Questions 8-11 Crusades to New Muslim Empires Summary
Chapter 11
Page 129 Early Society in West Africa Summary-Chapter 12
Page 143
Questions 1-6 Influence of Islam on West Africa Summary-Chapter 13
Questions-None
Page 153 Summary-Chapter 14
Page 163
Questions-7-10 Trade in West Africa Cultural Legacy of West Africa Summary-Chapter 15
Page 171
Questions-NONE 7th Grade History
CST Review
TCI History Alive
Chapters 1-24 Political Development of Imperial China Summary-Chapter 16
Page 185
Questions 1-6 China Develops a New Economy Summary-Chapter 17
Page 193
Questions 7-9 Chinese Discoveries & Inventions Summary-Chapter 18
Page 203
Questions 10-13 China's Contact with the Outside World Summary-Chapter 19
Page 211
Question 14 Influence of Neighboring Cultures on Japan Summary-Chapter 20
Page 227
Questions 1-4 Heian-Kyo: The Heart of Japan's Golden Age Summary-Chapter 21
Page 239
Question 5 Rise of the Warrior Class Summary-Chapter 22
Page 251
Questions 6-10 The Maya Summary-Chapter 23
Page23
Questions 1-5 The Aztecs Summary-Chapter 24
Page 227
Questions 6-9
Full transcript