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Founding Documents

History of US Government
by

Efren Gil

on 14 September 2013

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Transcript of Founding Documents

Freedom Week
Founding Documents
The Magna Carta
Created in 1215 in England
Limited the King’s Power
Today in the U.S. - Right to a fair trial and Habeas Corpus (if arrested, you have the right to see a judge)
English Bill of Rights
Created in 1689
Gave citizens rights and a voice in government
Today in the U.S. - Right to Petition, bear arms, and freedom from excessive bail
Mayflower Compact
Created in 1620
Self-governed body, Free from British Law
Government created for the people, by the people
Causes of the Revolution
Mercantilism
Economic theory that bases a nations wealth on the amount of gold and bullion in its treasury.
Raw materials were exported from colonies in order for the "mother country" to make a profit
Each nation tried to have more goods coming in than going out. This was called a “favorable balance of trade.”
French and Indian War
1750 - A struggle between the British and the French over the rights to land near modern day Pennsylvania.
1754 - Colonists fought for the British, while the Native Americans fought for the French.
The British won, receiving all lands east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans.
Proclamation of 1763 - Colonists were not allowed to settle the land they helped win.
The colonists were taxed to pay the war cost.
Acts of Parliament
Currency Act: prohibited American colonist from issuing their own currency.
Quartering Act: required the colonist to provide shelter and supplies to British troops.
Stamp Act: required stamps to be purchased and placed on newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets, legal documents, and playing cards.
Townshend Act: taxes on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea.
Tea act: permitted the British East India Tea Company to sell tea at a lower price than colonial tea companies.
Boston Tea Party
A protest against the Tea Act of 1773.
The Tea Act let the British East India Tea Company bypass tea merchants and sell directly to colonist.
Colonist dressed as Indians and dumped British tea into Boston harbor.
Boston Massacre
March 5, 1770
Encounter between British troops and citizens of Boston.
Patriots antagonized British troops, who were quartered in Boston to discourage demonstrations against the Townshend Acts.
British troops fired on the Patriots,killing 5 people
Declaration of Independence
Unalienable Rights
(rights that people are born with and that cannot be taken away)
“We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness--That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed."
Articles of Confederation, The 1st Constitution
Created in 1777, this constitution allowed the Congress of the Confederation to form an independent government
Problems: Weak national government, Powerful states, One state-One vote, Federal laws not enforced, Federal could not tax states, No President or King
U.S. Constitution
Delegates, or representatives from states, met in Philadelphia to revise the weak Articles of Confederation.
What’s New? President, Legislature - House and Senate, Supreme Court, Checks and Balances
June 1788-ratified
Aticles of the Constitution
We, the people of the United States….
A1. Legislative Branch-Congress, elections
A2. Executive Branch-President, duties
A3. Judicial Branch-Courts, trial by jury
A4. State’s Power and Limits
A5. Ammendments-2/3 Vote
A6. Federal Power-Constitution is the Law
A7. Ratification Requirements-9/13 needed
Bill of Rights
…or known as the first 10 Amendments.
1.Freedom of; religion, speech, assembly, press
2.Right to bare arms
3.No quarters for soldiers w/o permission
4.Guards against illegal, searches, seizures, w/o probable cause.
5.Due process, self-incrimination
6.Speedy trial, trial by jury, lawyer
7.Trial in civil cases
8.Excessive bail/fines, cruel & unusual punishment
9.People have other rights
10.States have power no mentioned
Seven Principals of the U.S. Constitution
Federalism
Individual Rights
Republicanism
Limited Government
Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
Popular Sovereignty
Celebrating Freedom Week
Full transcript