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Modal Verbs

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ESL prezi

on 7 February 2015

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Transcript of Modal Verbs

“A modal auxiliary verb is an auxiliary verb that forms part of a verb phrase which refers to events that are
potential rather than actual

Modal auxiliaries
model ≈ mood
from Latin auxiliārius "assist", "help"
possibility
permission
ability
potential
requests
offers
promises
prediction
obligation
advice
habitual actions
no conjugation:
placement
tense and aspect:
they
DO NOT
inflect:
have no infinitive, no ''to'' following the modal verb
question:
statement:
followed by an unconjugated verb:
[You] + <should> + (go) + home
negation with ''not'':
<modal auxiliary> + [subject] + (unconj. verb) + object
[subject] + <modal auxiliary> + (unconj. verb) + object
Example:
<Could> + [you] + (give) + me...
We
could
go to the cinema.
You
may
leave the room
<-> You
are allowed to
leave the room
You
are
not
to
smoke in here
-> You
must
not smoke in here
The Prime Minister
is to
make further visits
-> He
will
make further visits.
They have the same modal meaning,
-> substitutions: they can be replaced by a modal auxiliary

but are grammatically like a normal verb
-> they are not auxiliaries
-> they can be conjugated
-> usually consist of at least 2 parts:
He shoulds read that book.
He doesn't should drink that much.
It could have gone wrong.
I'm musting go.
I must go now.
He should read that book.
It coulded go wrong.
He should run faster.
He should runs faster.
He should not/shouldn't drink that much.
Example:
You
ought to
go and see a doctor.
You
may
leave the room.
She
might
not come.
You
must
clean your room!
You
mustn't
go to that party!
She
can
have his book.
We
should
see the new movie.
They
will not
(-> won't) give us the solutions.
He
would
eat a cake at 4 o'clock.
be and have
to form tenses, aspects and the passive
conjugated
do
to form questions
for emphasis
conjugated
Modal verbs
definition
grammar
modal
meanings

secondary
modals

non-modal
auxiliaries

But be careful: can not -> cannot
"Does your brother like computer games?" "He does like them, but he doesn't own any."
negation
Example:
Free entry. We
needn't
pay.
Shall
we dance?
regrets
Full transcript