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Transcript of Modal Verbs
potential rather than actual
model ≈ mood
from Latin auxiliārius "assist", "help"
tense and aspect:
have no infinitive, no ''to'' following the modal verb
followed by an unconjugated verb:
[You] + <should> + (go) + home
negation with ''not'':
<modal auxiliary> + [subject] + (unconj. verb) + object
[subject] + <modal auxiliary> + (unconj. verb) + object
<Could> + [you] + (give) + me...
go to the cinema.
leave the room
are allowed to
leave the room
smoke in here
not smoke in here
The Prime Minister
make further visits
make further visits.
They have the same modal meaning,
-> substitutions: they can be replaced by a modal auxiliary
but are grammatically like a normal verb
-> they are not auxiliaries
-> they can be conjugated
-> usually consist of at least 2 parts:
He shoulds read that book.
He doesn't should drink that much.
It could have gone wrong.
I'm musting go.
I must go now.
He should read that book.
It coulded go wrong.
He should run faster.
He should runs faster.
He should not/shouldn't drink that much.
go and see a doctor.
leave the room.
clean your room!
go to that party!
have his book.
see the new movie.
(-> won't) give us the solutions.
eat a cake at 4 o'clock.
be and have
to form tenses, aspects and the passive
to form questions
But be careful: can not -> cannot
"Does your brother like computer games?" "He does like them, but he doesn't own any."
Free entry. We