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Plato: Greek Philosopher
Transcript of Plato: Greek Philosopher
Plato was ashamed of the political ways of his native land, Athens, and therefore formed the Academy to improve it.
It was intended to be a place for the education of men where he aimed to create a class of just rulers and to change the unfair ways of other rulers. Plato: A Greek Philosopher by Kaitlyn, Caroline, Izzy, and Eva Plato's Works Historical Significance Influence of Plato's "Republic" Influence on Western Philosophy Influence of Plato's "Allegory of the Cave" Famous Works Philosophies The Academy Early Philosophy Plato's early life Plato's view of who should rule the government Socrates in Plato's life
Plato was born around 429 BC, close to the
time when Pericles died, and he died in
He was born in Athens,
to a very rich and powerful family. When Plato was a young man, he went to listen to Socrates. He was inspired by Socrates' compelling methods and arguments, and learned a lot from Socrates about how to think, and what sort of questions to think about.
He soon became a close associate of Socrates. Plato’s philosophies were written as a series of 30 dialogues. One of his biggest impacts came through his discussion of forms. Forms involve vision and indicate the sight or appearance of a thing. In these discussions, his arguments showed that he believed that humans’ awareness could be inaccurate and unreliable.
He also emphasized the importance of mathematics, particularly geometry.
Plato believed that human reason and knowledge were necessary for the improvement of one’s soul, which he often stated in his dialogues. Plato aimed to create philosopher-kings through the men in his Academy. He also believed that all heavenly bodies rotate in perfect spheres. This idea influenced astronomers for quite a long time.
With science, however, Plato believed that one’s intelligence must be perfected in order to be moral and just, so science could not fit into this.
In this way, he believed that knowledge must be applied and put into effect, and if it wasn’t, it was very shameful.
The Academy was considered to be leading institution of education in that region for nine centuries. The Republic was his greatest dialogue. It describes his beliefs of an ideal state.
The Apology presents Socrates’ speech at his trial
Symposium was a work that was a study on ideal love.
Phaderus was Plato’s criticism of the common conception of rhetoric.
Timaeus was one of his famous late dialogues and it consists of his theory of the universe and the story of Atlantis Plato's most famous work, the "Republic", is still thoroughly studied through by many scholars today. They have found that it justifies some of history's most draconian events, policies and actions.
Scholars have found that Plato's "Republic" addresses the problems that humans will always face and his ideal belief on how humans should live their lives. Plato skillfully weaved many subjects into his philosophies, combining math with music and science with religion. His philosophies, along with those of Socrates and Aristotles, helped shape Western philosophy. Now, most of philosophers' theories are based on Plato and many delve into his logical, epistemological, and metaphysical writings. Many classes today study Plato and his teachings, one of them including the "Allegory of the Cave". It has become one of Plato's most famous teachings, and is taught all over the world. There have been many animations and videos depicting this famous teaching that deals with how we view and depict life to ourselves. Plato's Life Plato famously sketched out in The Republica design for a good society.
It would be ruled by a class of highly educated “guardians” led by a “philosopher-king.”
Such people would be able to penetrate the many illusions of the material world and to grasp the “world of forms,” in which ideas such as goodness,beauty,and justice lived a real and unchanging existence.
"Only such people,he argued,were fit to rule." An Animation of Plato's "Allegory of the Cave" http://www.ancientgreece.co.uk/knowledge/story/sto_set.html "Behold! human beings living in an underground den. . . . Here they have been from their childhood and have their legs and necks chained so that they cannot move and can only see before them. . . . Like ourselves . . . they see only their own shadows, or the shadows of one another, which the fire throws on the opposite wall of the cave." -Plato