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Jan Matzeliger

Maddie Martino's Inventor Prezi!

B Prezi

on 18 November 2012

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Transcript of Jan Matzeliger

Jan Ernst Matzeliger Jan Matzeliger was born in Dutch Guiana (now known as Surinam) in South America. Matzeliger started the shoe making industry with his invention of the lasting machine. This invention reduced the cost of manufacturing shoes by one-half. During the summer of 1886, Matzeliger developed a cold that was later diagnosed as tuberculosis. He went into a hospital, unable to afford treatment. He died on August 24, 1889, at the age of 37. Over a period of several years, Jan Matzeliger, patented, built working models, and factory-tested a machine known as a shoe-lasting machine, and he eventually became a stockholder in the company that manufactured it. Matzeliger's shoe-lasting machine could produce 150 to 700 pairs of shoes a day-compared with 50 pairs of shoes per day by hand-lasting methods. Most of the steps in manufacturing shoes were already automated. In 1790, Thomas Saint, a London cabinetmaker, had invented the first sewing machine designed for use on shoe leather. In 1810, Marc Isambard Brunel, a Frenchman working in London, set up machines to mass produce nailed army shoes. In 1841, Thomas Archbold, an English machinist, applied the principle of the eyepointed needle to shoe production. A variety of other specialized machines sped the process of creating and manufacturing shoes in quantity everyday. Changes Over Time Most shoemakers use a last made traditionally of wood, but now of plastic used to form the shoe. Some lasts were straight, but now they are curved and come in pairs: one for left shoes, the other for right shoes. Traditional shoemaker at the Ethnographic Museum of Western Liguria, Cervo, Italy traditional shoemakers used to use more than 15 different techniques of making shoes. Some of these are: pegged construction, English Welted , goyser welted, Norwegian, stitchdown, turnout, German sewn, moccasin, bolognese stitched, and blake-stitched. Some types of ancient and traditionally-made shoes include: Furs wrapped around feet, and sandals wrapped over them: used by Romans fighting in northern Europe. Clogs: wooden shoes, often filled with straw to warm the feet. Moccasins: simple shoes, often without the durability of joined shoes. Effect On Everyday Lives Depending on the characteristics of the shoes, the effects are various, ranging from alteration in balance and posture, muscle activity of different muscles, and the impact force. There are many different types of shoes that exist, such as running, walking, loafers, high heels, sandals, slippers, work boots, dress shoes, and many more. However, a typical shoe will have an insole, midsole, outsole, and heels, if any. In a different condition, where one is without any shoes, the effects are primarily observed in the heel strike patterns and resulting impact forces generated on the ground. The foot provides sensory information to the nervous system through feedback. This feedback has a strong influence on posture stability and balance correction during standing and walking. Since sensory feedback from the foot may be influenced by the interaction of the foot with the insole surface, different types of insoles and shoe inserts have been used to try to make posture stability better. Inventor of the Shoe-Lasting Machine 1852-1889 Brief Biography Creation of Invention Citation . "Shoe-making process in the role of technology and equipment." Eyelet Machines. China JuDa Machinery Co., Ltd. Web. 14 Nov 2012. <http://www.eyelet-machine.com/news/news-67.html>. . "Jan Ernst Matzeliger Biography." How Products Are Made. Advameg, Inc., n.d. Web. 14 Nov 2012. <http://www.madehow.com/inventorbios/44/Jan-Ernst-Matzeliger.html>. Maddie Martino
B-Day Black 3
7th Grade
Social Studies
Mrs. Longo
Full transcript