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Structuralism & Post-Structuralism

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Amee P

on 30 September 2013

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Transcript of Structuralism & Post-Structuralism

Structuralism & Poststructuralism
Key Points in Structuralism
Language organizes and constructs our sense of reality (p.88)
A concern with the underlying relations of text and practices, the 'grammar' which makes meaning possible.
Meaning is the result of interplay of relationships of selection and combinations made possible by the underlying structure.
Saussure's Impact
Structuralism
Claude Levi-Straus
Will Wright
American Western
Poststructuralism
Roland Barthes
Jacques Derrida
Michel Foucault
Edward Said
Understanding Structuralism
Structuralism is a way of approaching texts and practices which is derived from the theoretical work of the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure. (87)
Divides language in two parts
Signifier
Signified
Arbitrary relationship
Division of language
langue
parole
Binary Opposition
Poststructrualism
Rejects the idea of an underlying structure
Signifiers do not produce signified - only more signifiers
Meaning is always changing
Meaning is always deferred, never fully present, always both absent and present (p.128)
Differance
structural and temporal
Deconstruction
Different view on binary opposition

Michel Foucault
Discourses enable, constrain, and constitute (p. 130)
Social practices
DST 733
September 30, 2013
Amee Powell & Yary Santiago

The Work of Saussure
Understanding Feminist
Poststructuralism
Poststructuralist Theory
"...the common factor in the analysis of social organization, social meaning, power, and individual consciousness is language." (Weedon, p. 555)
Derrida
Subjectivity - "... the conscious and unconscious thoughts and emotions of the individual, her sense of herself and her ways of understanding her relation to the world." (Weedon, p. 559)
"...is a mode of knowledge production which uses poststructure theories of language, subjectivity, social processes, and insitutions to understand existing power relations and to identify areas and strategies for change." (Weedon, p. 564)
What is Power?
Rituals of truth?

Regimes of truth?
Rule of Immanence
Rules of Continual Variation
Rule of Double Conditioning
Rule of the Tactical Polyvalence of Discourse
Deaf Frame?
Addresses the question of social power and how social relations of gender, class, and race could be transformed
Central to Foucault's work - why?
Why Feminist Poststructuralism?
Full transcript