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Structuralism & Post-Structuralism
Transcript of Structuralism & Post-Structuralism
Key Points in Structuralism
Language organizes and constructs our sense of reality (p.88)
A concern with the underlying relations of text and practices, the 'grammar' which makes meaning possible.
Meaning is the result of interplay of relationships of selection and combinations made possible by the underlying structure.
Structuralism is a way of approaching texts and practices which is derived from the theoretical work of the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure. (87)
Divides language in two parts
Division of language
Rejects the idea of an underlying structure
Signifiers do not produce signified - only more signifiers
Meaning is always changing
Meaning is always deferred, never fully present, always both absent and present (p.128)
structural and temporal
Different view on binary opposition
Discourses enable, constrain, and constitute (p. 130)
September 30, 2013
Amee Powell & Yary Santiago
The Work of Saussure
"...the common factor in the analysis of social organization, social meaning, power, and individual consciousness is language." (Weedon, p. 555)
Subjectivity - "... the conscious and unconscious thoughts and emotions of the individual, her sense of herself and her ways of understanding her relation to the world." (Weedon, p. 559)
"...is a mode of knowledge production which uses poststructure theories of language, subjectivity, social processes, and insitutions to understand existing power relations and to identify areas and strategies for change." (Weedon, p. 564)
What is Power?
Rituals of truth?
Regimes of truth?
Rule of Immanence
Rules of Continual Variation
Rule of Double Conditioning
Rule of the Tactical Polyvalence of Discourse
Addresses the question of social power and how social relations of gender, class, and race could be transformed
Central to Foucault's work - why?
Why Feminist Poststructuralism?