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Art and Architecture :)
Transcript of Art and Architecture :)
Ancient Cultures! Prehistoric Times Empires in Mesopotamia Empires of the Ancient World had some of the most prominent art and architecture, including the Hanging Gardens at Babylon, Ziggurats, and strong city walls. Art and architecture defined the empires of Mesopotamia and played a major role in characterizing each civilization. By Ella, Grace Anne, and Olivia Art and Architecture Egypt Art and Architecture in Ancient Egypt Egypt had a beautiful culture that viewed art and architecture as an important part of daily life. All of their arts had to fit specific qualifications, for the art was essential to connect with the afterlife and gods. Much of the art and architecture were centered around the gods and pharaohs. Art and architecture was a prevalent aspect of Ancient Egypt, as shown through... Pyramids Four different examples of pyramids in Ancient Egypt are Djoser's Step Pyramid, the Meidum Pyramid, the Bent Pyramid, and the Great Pyramid. These were big decorated, rectangular buildings made of stone. Commonly found in the Old and Middle Kingdoms, pyramids were used as tombs for the pharaohs to display the wealth and power they had. Pyramids were very important to Egyptian religion, culture, and afterlife. They often had writing on them that could have been instructions for the dead. An example of this is coffin texts which were instructions and spells which allowed the dead to enter the field of reeds or the afterlife. This architecture was aligned with the capital directions and constructed very carefully. Even today historians cannot be exactly sure how the Egyptians constructed them. Inside the pyramids, were tomb art, special belongings, food, and spells to assist the pharaoh in his travel to the afterlife. Djoser's Step Pyramid The Meidum Pyramid Khufu's Great Pyramid Bent Pyramid In Prehistoric Times, many people would draw paintings on the walls. These paintings were typically of animals that the hunters prayed they would catch on their next hunt. They did this so they had the food and supplies they needed to stay alive. Many Neolithic and Paleolithic people may have been more focused on survival than art and architecture. Houses and other buildings were simple tents, and later became slightly less simple structures. Statues, however, were found in paleolithic caves, including many statues of women. Hanging Gardens Ziggurat Hanging Gardens It is said that these beautiful Hanging Gardens were built by Nebuchadnezzar for his wife, who missed the lush mountains of her childhood. Ziggurats Ziggurats were beautiful religious buildings, probably used as temples. They suggest a certain power that came from high places. Ashurbanipal's Garden at Nineveh This is a picture of Ashurbanipal feasting in his garden. His garden was in the city of Nineveh, capital of Assyria. Ashurbanipal was the king who set fire to his brother in his own palace. However, his garden was beautiful, and he enjoyed being there with his wife. The garden included a tree from which the severed head of a conquered king hung. Ashurbanipal's Garden at Nineveh The Indus River Valley Civilization's architecture was very uniform and all of the stones were cut perfectly alike. Although there seems to be no apparent building for a person of authority, we know that because of these perfectly cut stones in the architecture that there must have been someone in authority issuing this order. There was also a statue of a man in embellished clothing, which might show a sign of authority. Also through the art of the seals, we know that there could have been some religion that the civilians believed in. India
In the "Ramayana," at the meeting of Sita and Rama, a city is described in which jewelry litters the streets and the buildings include "lofty terraces." And a palace with a "golden spire soaring above the other buildings of the city." The "Ramayana" describes what might have been thought of as a perfect, ideal city, but was most likely an exaggeration of reality. Ramayana During the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta Maurya issued 2 Schools, library, palaces, temples, 530 towers, and 64 gates were built in a huge capitol. Asoka issued great pillars, upon which he wrote edicts promising a fair and righteous government The Golden Age of the Guptas:
Art and architecture flourished, and beautiful temples were built. Another key architectural feature of Egypt are the temples. The temples were built with care, which showed that the Egyptians cared for their religion. Here are the details about Egyptian temples... Temples were built along the Nile, a source of life Here's the basic structure of a temple...
- It was surrounded by a high wall.
- Inside there was at least one court - it had doorways with pylons (towers) on side and no roof.
- Many chambers in the temple were only open to the high priests and the pharaoh
- There was a man-made lake which priests used for religious ceremonies and to please the gods. There was also a room called the hypostyle hall. It was a large chamber were priests did ceremonies, looked at statues of the gods (wash them, dress them) and large crowds of people assemble there for festivals to watch the statues of gods be paraded around the temple or float in boats on the man-made lake. China Chinese Architecture: PALACES THROUGH THE AGES Xia Dynasty Shang Dynasty China Zhou Dynasty - Building Though the Xia Dynasty is believed by some to be mythical, those who believe it was actually a dynasty associate it with several architectural achievements. For example, the founder of the dynasty, Yu, was said to have created canals to harness the Yellow River, which was known for its sporadic and fatal flooding. He worked on this for 13 years. This was an architectural achievements that saved many Chinese lives, especially of those who lived in pit houses and were as good as dead during the time of the floods. The Shang Dynasty's palace structure as shown earlier became more complex than the Xia Dynasty. The architecture continues to grow and flourish in the... Despite the time of chaos known as the Warring States P Despite the time of chaos known as the Warring States Period, the arts and architecture in China flourished during this time. Some architectural achievements include... Irrigation Works Roads and Canals And more complex architecture Qin Dynasty The Qin Dynasty also had many architectural achievements.