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The City of Chicago

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by

Rui Ma

on 22 April 2013

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Transcript of The City of Chicago

The City of Chicago, Illinois OVERALL THE CITY DEVELOPMENT THE CHANGE OF THE CITY THANK YOU ! ENJOY YOUR TRAVEL IN CHICAGO ! INTRODUCTION LOCATION CLIMATE LANDFORMS
AND WATER Before Chicago as a City
(before 1837) Before
1837 1900-1950 The Initial Stage of City Established
(1837-1900) Golden Era (1900-1950) 1837-1900 Economies Transition Period
(1950-2000) 1950-2000 Global Chicago (2000-now) 2000
-NOW POPULATION POLICY & ECONOMY TRANSPORTATION PHYSICAL STRUCTURE MODELS AND PLANS State of Illinois
Near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed
Metropolitan area (also called “Chicagoland”)
City: 2 896 016 (2000)
Metropolitan: 9 157 540 (2000)
Metro Area: 5 619 sq. mi
14 523 sq. km
Metro Density: 1 436 inh./sq. mi.
554 inh./sq. km. An explanation for Chicago being a naturally breezy area is that it is on the shores of Lake Michigan. "Windy City" It is one of the effects of the tall buildings which engineers and architects apparently did not foresee that the wind is sucked down into the streets. 1673 -- First Europeans discover Chicago area
1781 -- First permanent settlement by Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable
This was painted by an unknown artist showing early Chicago. Standing on opposite banks of the Chicago River, Fort Dearborn (left) and the home of fur trader John Kinzie (right) were important buildings in the frontier community. 1837 -- Chicago is incorporated as a city
1848 -- The first railway route
The Illinois&Michigan Canal opens connecting the Great Lakes and
Mississippi River
1869 -- Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux design suburban Riverside, Illinois, along the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, an early model of a planned community
1871 -- The Great Fire
1885 -- The first skyscraper --The Home Insurance Building
1893 -- The World's Columbian Exposition 1900 -- The manufacturing and transportation center of U.S.
1909 -- The Chicago Plan (Daniel Burnham)
1943 -- Chicago's first subway opened 1955 -- Built O'Hare airport, air transport center of U.S.
1958 -- Chicago opens the nation's first rapid transit line built in the median strip of an expressway (now called the Blue Line)
1973 -- Sears Tower completed
1973 -- Chicago 21: Plan for the Central Area Communities
1983 -- The Chicago Central Area Plan
1999 -- The Metropolis Plan 2020 2002 -- The Chicago Central Area Plan -- Preparing the Central City
2009 -- Bid to host the Olympics 1840-2000 2000-2010 Before 1837 -- Voyage
1848 -- The first railway route
The Illinois&Michigan Canal opens connecting the Great Lakes and Mississippi River
1869 -- Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux design suburban Riverside, Illinois, along the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, an early model of a planned community
1878 -- Chicago meat baron Gustavus Swift's engineer Andrew Chase perfects a viable design for refrigerated boxcars, allowing dressed meat to be shipped nationwade by rail.
1958 -- Chicago opens the nation's first rapid transit line built in the median strip of an expressway (now called the Blue Line)
1984 -- The CTA extends rapid transit to O'Hare International Airport
1993 -- The CTA's Orange Line connects Midway Airport to the Loop
2011 -- Chicago's first fully protected bicycle lane opens along Kinzie Street between Milwaukee Avenue and Wells Street State of Illinois
Near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed
Metropolitan area (also called “Chicagoland”)
City: 2 896 016 (2000)
Metropolitan: 9 157 540 (2000)
Metro Area: 5 619 sq. mi
14 523 sq. km
Metro Density: 1 436 inh./sq. mi.
554 inh./sq. km. State of Illinois
Near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed
Metropolitan area (also called “Chicagoland”)
City: 2 896 016 (2000)
Metropolitan: 9 157 540 (2000)
Metro Area: 5 619 sq. mi
14 523 sq. km
Metro Density: 1 436 inh./sq. mi.
554 inh./sq. km. 1909 -- The Chicago Plan (Daniel Burnham)
1924 -- Concentric Zone Model
1936 -- Sector Model
1945 -- Multiple-Nuclei Model

1973 -- Chicago 21: Plan for the Central Area Communities
1983 -- The Chicago Central Area Plan
1999 -- The Metropolis Plan 2020

2002 -- The Chicago Central Area Plan -- Preparing the Central City The 1930s, the city government generally adopted policies to attract industrial enterprises, many cities so far continue to provide similar preferential policies for investment in industry. The 1965 Interstate Highway Act
Housing loan policy
Renaissance Center in the city of "urban renewal" strategy in the 1960s, the U.S. federal government, to attract, to consolidate the emerging service industry, instead of moving out to industry. Rui Ma 1973 -- Chicago 21: Plan for the Central Area Communities 1983 -- The Chicago Central Area Plan 1999 -- The Metropolis Plan 2020 Canals Trains Subways suburb infill
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