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Blur: How to know what's true in the age of information overload

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Meghann Ferguson

on 6 December 2012

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Transcript of Blur: How to know what's true in the age of information overload

Blur: how to know what's true in the age of information overload by Meghann Ferguson Ecosystem of news is splintered into different models of news with different values and purposes... Check your sources! Make sure they are trustworthy! You, the consumer, the aggregator Historically... There have been 8 transformations of communication that were all in their own right transformative. Journalism of Verification: traditional model Bring your skepticism! Look for the evidence! Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel There is so much information out there... it can be overwhelming We are each responsible for our consumption of news.. Kovach & Rosenstiel describe 6 steps in the "way of skeptical knowing"
1. identifying what kind of content
2. identifying whether the news is complete
3. question how to assess sources
4. evaluating news involves assessing evidence
5. explore how news interacts with evidence
6. explore whether you are getting what you need from the news each new method made exchanging information easier. Communication and curiosity brought communities together. I could type all about history, but Dan Gilmor explains it much better. There is a pattern: each advance made it easier to learn about the world, become more involved, to challenge and even dismantle old ideas and create new ones. Questions: [to analyze the content and nature of media] -What kind of information am I encountering? -Is that info complete? If not what's missing? -Who and what are the sources & why should I believe them? -What evidence is presented and how was it tested? -What might be the alternative explanation or understanding? -Am I learning what I need to? our job as consumers is to evaluate each piece of content on its own Journalism of Assertion: newer model *puts highest value on accuracy & context *puts highest value on immediacy & volume Journalism of Affirmation: new political media that affirms the beliefs of audiences *cherry-picks info & offers audiences propaganda, persuasion and manipulation Interest-Group Journalism: often investigative funded by special interests & designed to look like news *result of shift in newsrooms & plays into citizen journalism landscape Journalism of Aggregation: not exactly a model but it is relevant because it requires evaluation of content *must know the other models to aggregate information. Mixes different types of content & is considered the new hybrid *as consumers we are all aggregators What is missing? straight news represents a shrinking part of what consumers encounter in the modern information culture, even from traditional content providers. sense-making news: stories that don’t just tell you the facts they add a new element that helps make the other news and facts take on a greater or deeper meaning. *moves the content forward authentication stories: try to verify facts so that audiences can determine what facts of competing claims they can trust. watchdog journalism... you got that one! according to Kovach and Rosenstiel... what we need from the next journalism... Rosenstiel talks about the future This is a longer video you can watch if you want to know more... *find outlets & reporters that do great work on a regular basis to create a network of trusted sources. look for work that offers more value by going beyond just describing, that adds a deeper level to the story. we have access to more info, from more sources which we can use to become better informed. Those of us who take advantage of this will be energized by the stimulation of learning and growing.
Those who do not will be further left behind. Examples of these types of journalists? David Burnham Diana K. Sugg David Halberstam John Kifner http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/bal-sugggallery0307,0,3920828.storygallery http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/people/k/john_kifner/index.html http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/24/arts/24halberstam.html?pagewanted=all http://query.nytimes.com/search/sitesearch/#/David+Burnham/since1851/articles/1/byDavid+Burnham/oldest/ 8 essential functions that the new news consumer requires from journalism.. authenticator sense-maker investigator witness bearer empowerer smart aggregator forum organizer role model transparency higher level of proof more expertise reorganize the newsroom new skill sets The bottom line... Journalism has changed. we must adapt, evolve, and use the tools at our disposal to creatively capture Innovation is exciting, but it is also scary. Communication = deeper news literacy needs to be re-taught to consumers embrace this broader notion from Kovach & Rosenstiel : A news gathering organization is a place that accumulates and synthesizes knowledge about a community, either a geopolitical community or a community of subjects or interests, and then makes that knowledge available and interactive in a variety of ways. The role of press has expanded and it is more complex.
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