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Model United Nations
Transcript of Model United Nations
-Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton Debate Procedures Session Opening
The chair welcomes the delegates and announces the topic of discussion. Roll Call
Attendance: the Chair or rapporteur call country names and delegates say, "Present." Dias Debate Formal Debate
Formal debate revolves around the speakers list. The Chair asks delegates who would like to speak. Delegates raise their placards and are recorded on a list. This is called the speakers list. Speakers are called one by one according to the list.
Speeches focus on stating country positions & offering recommendations for action. Moderated Caucus
A moderated caucus involves discussion outside of the speakers list. The Chair calls on delegates one-by-one (anyone can speak - raise your placard if you have something to say) so delegates can give short speeches.
Speeches comment on what other delegates have said
Speeches can bring up new ideas for the committee to think about Unmoderated/ Informal Caucus
In an unmoderated caucus, the rules of debate are suspended. Delegates may leave their seats and discuss topics freely.
Delegates talk to each other
Delegates form alliances
Delegates try to persuade countries to understand their point of view
Delegates write resolutions together Close of Debate
If everyone on the speakers list has spoken, debate automatically stops. A delegate can also motion to close debate if he/she feels that the committee is ready to vote. Voting Procedures
The committee votes on each resolution. A simple majority is needed to pass a resolution. Chair: The person who moderates debate, keeps time, rules on points and motions, and enforces the rules of procedure. Vice Chair: The person who assists the Chair. Rapporteur: The person who keeps the speakers list, takes roll call, and takes notes. If you want... ...to ask the Chair a question Then raise your placard and say... "Point of inquiry." ...to have moderated debate
where the Chair decides who
will speak "Motion for a (10-20) minute moderated
caucus with a (30-60) second speaking time for
the purpose of discussing (topic)." ...to have an unmoderated
debate with no rules "Motion for a (10-20) minute unmoderated caucus." ...to stop talking and vote "Motion to close debate." ...to end the session "Motion to adjourn." ...to vote Just raise your placard and hold it in the air until
your vote has been counted. What do I say? Motions and Points The delegates shape the committee session through points and motions. Delegates make motions and the committee votes on them. The Chair has the final say. Preparing for a Model UN Conference Topic and country assignments Conference Research Position Paper Form a team Topic Country UN System A position paper is a one page summary of a country's position on a topic. Delegates write these before attending the conference. debate create resolutions innovate make new friends negotiate become a leader Activity related
to the debate. All other activity The United Nations The United Nations (UN) was established on October 24, 1945 by 51 member countries. What does the UN do? The UN has 4 main purposes:
To keep peace throughout the world
To develop friendly relations among nations
To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other's rights and freedoms
To be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals Today, there are 193 member nations 6 main organs of the UN General Assembly The General Assembly (GA) is the main deliberative body of the UN. 193 member nations
Each nation gets 1 vote
Resolutions that are adopted by the GA are only recommendations. However, they carry great weight since the GA represents the voice and public opinion of almost every country in the world Security Council Maintain international peace and security The Security Council has the power to authorize economic, diplomatic, and military sanctions 15 members:
10 Rotating Permanent members:
China, France, the Russian Federation, the UK, and the USA
Have veto power Rotating members:
Elected by the GA for a two year term To pass a Security Council resolution, 9 members must vote "yes." If any of the 5 Permanent members votes "no" (veto), the resolution does not pass. Economic and Social Council Comprised of:
14 Specialized Agencies
10 Functional Commissions
5 Regional Commissions
11 UN Funds and Programs Central UN forum for economic problems and social issues Specialized Agencies:
-International Labor Organization
-Food and Agriculture Organization
-UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
-World Health Organization
-International Monetary Fund
-UN Children's Fund (UNICEF)
-UN Development Programme (UNDP) Functional Commissions:
- UN Commission on Social Development
-Commission on Science and Technology for Development
-Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Regional Commissions:
-Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
-Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia International Court of Justice Judiciary body of the UN Settles disputes submitted by nations
Gives advisory opinions to cases submitted bey international organizations
the 15 judges are elected by the GA and the Security Council
Each judge serves for 9 years Trusteeship Council Provided supervision for Trust Territories (areas where people could not form their own government, colonies, areas detached from enemy States as a result of WWII) At this time there are no trust territories
The Trusteeship Council suspended all activity in 1994 Past trust territories:
-Papua New Guinea
-Ghana Secretariat Main administrative hub for all the organs of the UN Led by Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon
Appointed Secretary General in 2007
From South Korea
Secretary General is appointed by the GA on the recommendation of the Security Council
5 year term The Secretariat runs the day-to-day activities and oversees all UN programs around the world. Delegate A delegate is a person who represents a State or an organization who has been authorize dot speak and act on its behalf.
Delegates to the UN work for their governments, not the UN.
Countries maintain permanent missions in New York City (the location of the UN headquarters).