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Polish Football. Political and Social Aspects

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Seweryn Dmowski

on 26 January 2017

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Transcript of Polish Football. Political and Social Aspects

Political and Social Aspects
Polish Football
Annexations
1772, 1793, 1795
People's Republic of Poland
1944-1989
Roots
Towarzystwo Gimnastyczne "Sokół"
"Falcon" Gymnastic Society
Founded in 1867 in Lviv (Austria-Hungarian annexation)
Idea of organic work and physical education
Substitute of national and patriotic organizations
Founded also in 1884 in Inowrocław (Prussian annexation) and in 1905 in Warsaw (Russian annexation)
1910 - "Grunwald Rally"
dr Henryk Jordan (1847-1907)
Social worker, teacher, professor at Jagiellonian University in Kraków
Pioneer of phisycal education on Polish lands
Inventor of "Jordan Gardens"
Brought first ball and rules handout to Kraków
Włodzimierz Chomicz - first goalscorer on Polish lands
First "official" football game in Kraków
2nd Falcon Rally
14 July 1894 - day before Battle of Grunwald anniversary
The game lasten only for 6 minutes
Chomicz scored the only goal
Austro-Hungarian
Annexations
Prussian
Annexations
Russian
Annexations
First football clubs in Lwów
First football clubs in Kraków
1903 - Sława Lwów (Czarni Lwów)
1903 - Lechia Lwów
1904 - Pogoń Lwów
1906 - Cracovia Kraków
1906 - Wisła Kraków
Polish Association of Football
Founded in 1911 in Kraków
Based on Cracovia members
Part of Austrian Football Association
First international matches
First Galicia competition (1912 - unofficial, 1913 - official)
In 1914 moved to Lwów
Klub Sportowy Posnania
Founded in 1907 as Normania Poznań
The only Polish football club in Prussian annexation
1912 - Normania-Britania incident
1912 - "German" Normania replaced by "Polish" Normania
1913 - name changed to "First Polish Sport Club" Posnania
Warta Poznań
Founded in 1912 as first officialy Polish football club
August 1912: Warta won 9:2 against Hertha
October 1912: Warta won 2:1 against Normania
March 1912: Warta won 4:2 against SC Union
Union of Polish Sport Societies
Failed attempt to estabilish national football association - offer declined by PAF
Foundation of UPSA in 1913
First Wielkopolska competition in 1913
Warta's trip to Kraków in 1913: first match between two Polish teams from different annexations
Warsaw Sport Club
Based on school teams playing football from 1905
Founded in 1907 in Warsaw
Regular school competition from 1908
1910-1914 Goldsztand Trophy
Numbers of Warsaw local football clubs
First football clubs in Łódź
1908 - Łódzki Klub Sportowy
1910 - Widzew Łódź

1912 - first Łódź competition
Polonia Warszawa
Founded in 1911
First official football club in Warsaw
Symbolic name and colours
1914-1921
Legia Warszawa
Founded in 1916 in Wolyń (Ukraine)
Formed by Piłsudski's Legionist
Invincible during war
In 1920s moved to Warsaw
Polski Związek Piłki Nożnej
Polish Football Association
Founded in 1919 in Warsaw, in 1921 moved to Kraków
First national competition in 1920, interrupred by outbreak of Polish-Soviet war
1921: Cracovia Kraków first Polish Champion in football
XII 1921: First international game against Hungary
1923: PFA entered FIFA
New football clubs
Spread of popularity of the game
Regional clubs: Upper Silesia (Ruch Hajduki Wielkie/Chorzów - 1920), Gdańsk maritime region (Arka Gdynia - 1929)
Jewish clubs - Hagibor Przemyśl, Hasmonea Lwów, Makkabi Warszawa, Hakoah Bielsko, Bar Kochba Rzeszów
German clubs - 1. FC Katowice
New borders and
political regime of Poland
New club on new lands: Śląsk Wrocław (1945) in Lower Silesia, Lechia Gdańsk (1945 as "Baltia", renamed in 1947), Górnik Zabrze (1948)
Clubs formed by repatriates: Pogoń Szczecin (1948 as Storm, renamed in 1955), Polonia Bytom (renewed in 1945)
Workers' clubs: Lech Poznań (renewed in 1945)
Clubs "captured" by communistic regime: Gwardia Warszawa (1948), Legia Warszawa (1945)
"Departamental Poland"
Power conflicts in the inner circle of communistic authorities: rivarly of departments
Military clubs: Legia Warszawa, Śląsk Wrocław
Militia clubs: Gwardia Warszawa, Wisła Kraków
Workers' clubs: Widzew Łódź, Lech Poznań
Industrial clubs: Górnik Zabrze, Ruch Chorzów
Victimized clubs: Polonia Warszawa, Cracovia Kraków, Warta Poznań
New lines of conflict
Local rivalries
Wisła Kraków vs Cracovia Kraków

Legia Warszawa vs Polonia Warszawa

ŁKS Łódź vs Widzew Łódź

Zagłębie Sosnowiec vs Ruch Chorzów
Zagłębie Sosnowiec vs Górnik Zabrze
Ruch Chorzów vs Górnik Zabrze

Arka Gdynia vs Lechia Gdańsk
Arka Gdynia vs Pogoń Szczecin
Lechia Gdańsk vs Pogoń Szczecin
"Ethnic" (antisemitic) rivalries
Widzew Łódź vs rest of Poland

Cracovia Kraków vs rest of Poland

ŁKS Łódź vs Widzew Łódź
Metropolis-pheryfery rivalry
Legia Warszawa vs rest of Poland
(especially Lech Poznań, Widzew Łódź and Wisła Kraków)
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