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Transcript of The Eucharist
It represents the life, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is celebrated based on the belief the Eucharist is a sacrifice making present the life, death and resurrection of Jesus, under appearance of Bread and Wine. It is a celebration of thanksgiving to the father.
The Bread and the Wine are symbols of nourishment, and bread is the main support of life. In the Eucharist, the bread becomes the Body of Jesus Christ, and the wine becomes his Blood. FUN FACT: Eucharist is a celebration of communal nourishment. The celebration of the Eucharist
is structured around ritual actions. Catholics believe the
celebration of Eucharist is
not complete unless it is
lived out in our lives. Once
Catholics leave the church,
they take Jesus with them, and
try to live life in a religous and meaningful
way. The Eucharist stems
from the Isrealite
people and the "passing
over" from slavery to freedom.
(The story of Moses freeing
the Jews from Egypt.)
The painting of the lamb's blood
also plays a big part in the
passover, as the angel of death
"passed" the Jewish houses. The Passover is the
most important Jewish festival.
It is celebrated in their
homes every year around Easter
time. They celebrate having
a meal together, which is called
the Seder. There are several
parts of the Seder
prayers and foods
are shared, representing
different things. The Synoptic
Gospels present the
last supper as a
Passover meal between
Jesus and his disciples. He broke the bread, and
he said the traditional
prayers. He then added,
"This is my body, which
will be given up for you." He then passed the
cup of wine around, and
once again added
"This is my blood, which
will be poured out of you.
Do this in memory
of me." This gave a radical
new meaning to the Passover,
and created the Eucharist.
This meal was known as the Lord's supper. c Jesus became the new Passover Lamb and gave a new meaning to this for the disciples. His blood stained the cross as the blood of the lamb did on the doors. Through this sacrifice Jesus enabled us to live in peace and free of sin as the lamb provided the Israelites with warmth, nourishment and freed them. Tjis is the Holy Sacrifice. The first reference of Eucharist comes from 1st letter of Paul to Corinthians. This contained explains how God transformed the bread and wine into His body and blood. Pauls first letter was written around AD55, about 10 years before the gospel was developed. Paul also tells us that if we drink the Body and Blood in an unworthhy way, you will carry the guilt of the Lord's body and blood. The memory of Jesus is kept alive through the stories and as Christians we hope that He comes again. By taking the Eucharist we attempt to keep God present in our lives. In the first 20 years after Jesus' death, the breaking of bread took place within a meal, just as happened in the Last Supper. This breaking of the bread then became seperated from a meal and consecrated in a eucharistic prayer. Some Christians were allowed to take the Eucharist home to recieve later on. Peace came to the Christian world early in the fourth century and they used the Basilica, a large long hall used by Romans as law courts. Christians adopted these basilicas as their own place for Eucharist celebration. These changes were made after the Emperor Constantine came into power, and made Christianity the official religion of the empire.
THE ORDER OF THE MASS IN EARLY CHRISTIAN TIMES.
The order of mass in eucharistic celebration
was not unlike the structures of the mass today,
consisting of gathering, explaining scripture,
prayers, preparing the gifts and the Eucharist,
distribution of bread and wine and
Eucharistic prayer. FUN FACT: Deacons or acolytes that assisted in the altar would deliver portions of matzot to those who were unable to attend the Eucharist, usually the sick and elderly. MIDDLE AGES AND THE EUCHARIST.
In the Middle Ages, many people became spectators rather than participants in the Eucharist. Some were awe-struck, feeling unworthing and fearful of the Eucharist. Many stopped recieving it frequently and limited reception of the Eucharist to special feasts. Children wouldn't recieve the bread until they were around 12 years old. This is still upheld to this day. Other people only recieved it after having reconciliation on the same day. The whole mass was recited in Latin and those who didnt understand turned to other devotions. The Monstrance is the special cup used to carry the Host for special eucharistic blessings such as the Eucharist. After a while, in AD 1215 it became compulsory for Catholics to take the Eucharist once a year at Easter. FUN FACT: In the Eucharist, the physical appearances of bread and wine doesn't change, but the inner nature of it does. It becomes the Body and Blood of Christ. This has been a fundamental belief in the history of the Eucharist The Second Vatican Council gave much thought to the Eucharistic celebration and bishops discussed the future that it had. FUN FACT: It is our belief that Christ is present in everything at mass. The emphasis of the holy meal had been lost since early centuries where people were hesitant. Following these meetings there were several changes made to the formalities of the mass including the altar being brought forward, our language being used, the Homily being used, the scriptures were seen as more important and people could now recieve the Eucharist in their hands, and no longer just the tounge. 5 Ritual Actions demonstrated in
Mass. Meals Gathering Proclaiming the Word Reconciliation Gift Sharing The Foods of the Seder. THE FIRST PASSOVER
1. A lamb which was perfect,
was sacrificed to the Lord.
2. By the blood of the Lamb,
the Isrealites were freed.
3. Unleavened bread and wine
gave them energy as they walked
to the promised land.
4. The Passover Meal is a way to
memorize God's gift of freedom.
5. Through Moses, God gave the
Isrealites a covenant by which
he made them his people.
6. Moses told the Jewish people
to celebrate the Passover each year. JESUS: THE NEW PASSOVER
1. Jesus, the new lamb of God,
sacrificed himself on the cross.
2. By his sacrifice, Christians
can now pass through death with
Christ into heaven.
3. Bread and Wine become Jesus'
body and blood, offered to strengthen
someones journey of life.
4. The Eucharist is the memorial of
Jesus sacrifice and love for us, shown
in his life, death and resurrection.
5. Jesus is the New Convenant, in his
life, death and resurrection, Christians
become the people of God.
6. Jesus told his disciples to celebrate
the Eucharist in his memory. FUN FACTS: THE BREAKING OF THE BREAD
IN EARLY HOUSE CHURCHES:
eARLY cHRISTIANS CELEBRATED THE BREAKING OF THE BREAD IN RESPONSE TO JESUS COMMAND AT THE LAST SUPPER (DO THIS IN MEMORY OF ME.)
The memory of Jesus was kept alive through constant praying and passing down of stories.
The early Christians believed, aS WE catholics still believe, that the bread and wine is the body and blood of Christ.
The early Christians celebrated on the first day of the week, the rest day Sunday.
The breaking of the bread took place in a meal, untill the middle of the first century. FUN FACT:
The real presence is the
Belief Catholic's have that
Christ is present in the Eucharist,
and the body and blood is not
just metaphorical. The Second Vatican council
also emphasised that Jesus is
not only present in the Eucharist,
but also in the priest, the scripture read
aloud, and the gathered community. The Priest giving Eucharist. The Scriptures read aloud.. The Gathered Community The Eucharist itself.. FUN FACT:
When we recieve
the Eucharist, the priest
says "Body of Christ," and
we reply with Amen, to
acknowledge we are having
the body of Christ. The Four parts to the mass in the modern church are..
iNTRODUCTORY RITES-the introductory rites gather the people together, and is the beginning to the mass.
LITURGY OF THE WORD-in this time, God speaks to the people through the scriptures. The people than reflect on this.
LITUJRGY OF THE EUCHARIST-This is the most important part of the mass, and Jesus becomes present in the bread and wine.
CONCLUDING RIGHTS- The maSS IS BRought to a close and people are told to "go and love and serve the lord."