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Immigration in the 21st Century:
Transcript of Immigration in the 21st Century:
How Immigration is Changing the
American and The Global Political
What Drives Immigration: Push/Pull Factors
Common terminology in discussing/analyzing migration flows.
: occurrences/conditions that drive people to migrate out of a certain area.
: occurrences/conditions that drive people to migrate into and settle in a certain area.
A World In Motion-The Numbers
Roughly 232 million migrants in the world today.
Roughly 41 million in the US (17% of global total).
Since 1990, number of migrants living in the developed world has grown by over 65%
What We'll Talk About Today
1. Broad features of global migration and ways to understand the scope and causes of contemporary migration.
2. Immigration as a global phenomenon.
3. Immigration as a national political issue.
4. Immigration in the state of Maine.
Global, National, Local Impacts of Immigration
Dept. of Political Science/Honors College
Lack of economic/social opportunity
Lack of social mobility
Tolerance of diversity
Possibilities of social mobility
Push/pull factors do not operate independently.
They are not easily addressed through domestic or foreign policy.
Global Remittances v. Foreign Aid
Dependence: Remittances as % of GDP
Changing Demographics & National Politics
Issue # 1-Presidential Politics
States' demographic profiles changing.
By 2030, Latino voting population likely to double.
Republicans need to work to convince Latinos that they understand and will work on issues that matter to them.
Issue # 2-Comprehensive Immigration Reform
Progress on an immigration reform package has lagged.
Republican party seen as an obstacle here.
Could have important implications for what types of politicians get elected in states with Latino populations.
Could completely change electoral math of presidential race.
Immigration & Maine's "Demographic Winter"
Maine typically has highest median ages and one of least diverse populations in US.
The "Demographic Winter"
declining tax base.
dwindling school age population.
loss of vitality, vibrancy.
"We have more people in Maine dying than being born...if we're going to sustain the Maine society, we need more people. We need younger people."
-Governor Paul LePage
Thus far, strategy to confront this issue has focused largely on retaining younger population.
Immigration & The Demographic Winter
Retaining younger people is not enough to prevent demographic decline.
Only factor preventing significant population loss in recent years has been migration from other countries.
Studies have predicted that the ethnic/racial composition of Maine will change radically in the next 15-20 years.
Immigration has been at the center of policy strategies by states facing similar demographic shifts: Tennessee, Minnesota, Oregon, Nebraska.
Immigration is an
Immigration is a
Confronting challenges related to immigration is
. We have done it before.