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The Solar System

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Lauren Steer

on 4 May 2010

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Transcript of The Solar System

The Sun
Mercury Venus
Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Neptune Uranus The Sun's diameter is 1,391,980 kms.
It is almost 10 times larger than the planet Jupiter and about 109 times as big as the Earth.
The sun is decreasing over time.
The sun is about 4.5 billion years old
It is the smallest of all the planets in the solar system and is closest to the sun.
It is 4,879kms in diameter.
At its closest orbit to the sun, Mercury is 46 million kms away.
Mercury is named after the Roman god of commerce and thievery.
Mercury is mostly made of iron and has a thin layer of rock on top.
12,100km in diameter, very similar to earth
Hottest planet in the solar system, up to 464 degrees Celsius
Venus rotates clockwise if looking down on it, all the other planets rotate anti-clockwise
Venus has more volcanoes than any other planet in the solar system.
Venus has no moons.
6th Planet from the sun
The planet Saturn is composed of hydrogen and small amounts of helium
Wind speeds in Saturn can reach 1800km/h
61 known moons orbit the planet
Saturns largest moon is bigger than the planet mercury
Saturn has a very hot interior reaching 11700ºC at the core
Diameter – 120,000kilometers
Distance from the sun is 1427 million kilometres
It is 9 times the size of the earth.
Uranus is the 7th planet from the sun and was the first planet discovered with a telescope.
Its diameter is 51,800km
Average distance from the sun is 2871 million kilometres
Uranus has 21 moons
Size compared to the earth – 4 times
It is the coldest planetary atmosphere in the solar system with a minimum temperature of -224ºC
Night and Day each last 42 years on Uranus because of the way the planet rotates
Distance from the sun is 4501 million kilometres
Size compared to the earth - 3.8times
It has 8 moons
Diameter is 49528 kilometres
Neptune is the 8th planet from the sun
17 times the mass of the earth
Its largest moon is called triton
It has been visited by only 1 spacecraft which flew by the planet in1989
Composed primarily of hydrogen and helium
Mars is referred to as the Red Planet because of its distinct red color. We can see Mars from earth.
Mars has two moons, Phobos and Diemos
The average distance from the sun is 227,940,000km
Mars has many channels, plains and canyons on the surface which could have been caused by water erosion in the past. Mars was believed to have had flowing water like the Earth at one point in time.
Mars has a very thin atmosphere made mostly of carbon dioxide which we can’t breathe.
The Earth has one moon. Its name is Luna.
Scientists have the dated the Earth as being between 4 and 5 billion years old!
The earth isn't perfectly round, it is slightly fattened at the north and south poles
The average distance from the sun is 149,597,870km
Earth is the only planet with known life on it.
Jupiter's great red spot visible in the picture to the right is where a giant storm has been raging for at least 300 years. This storm's super hurricane winds blow across an area larger than the Earth.
Jupiter has at least 63 moons. Their names are Metis, Adrastea, Amalthea, Thebe, Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto, Sinope, Leda, Himalia, Lysithea, Elara, Ananke, Carme, Pasiphae W1302, W1700, W1704, W1704_2, W1800, W1903_s, W1805, W1902, W1904, W2002_2, and W1700_2. You can see four of Jupiter's moons with a pair of binoculars at night.
Jupiter is the largest planet in our Solar system. It is so big that more than 1300 Earth's could fit inside it.
Thick, colorful clouds of deadly poisonous gases surround Jupiter. The quick spinning of the planet whips up the atmosphere, creating the bands around the planet.
The average distance from the sun is 778,570,000km
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